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SA Orthopaedic Journal

On-line version ISSN 2309-8309
Print version ISSN 1681-150X

SA orthop. j. vol.8 n.3 Pretoria Jan. 2009




Frozen shoulder: A review



PH LaubscherI; TG RöschII

IMBChB, MMed(Ortho)Pret, FCS(SA)Ortho; Shoulder surgeon, Centre for Sports Medicine and Orthopaedics, Rosebank, Gauteng, South Africa
IIMBChB, MMed(Ortho)Pret; Shoulder surgeon, Jakaranda Hospital, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa





A 'frozen shoulder' has often frustrated both orthopaedic surgeons and patients. A review of the literature has shown clear clinical and pathological stages of the disorder. No clear cause has yet been found for the idiopathic type of frozen shoulder. Management options and recent clinical results are discussed. It is clear, however, that research in the treatment of this condition is difficult and can result in misleading outcomes.



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Dr PH Laubscher
PO Box 413902
South Africa



No benefits of any form have been received from any commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.

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