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Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology

On-line version ISSN 1445-7377
Print version ISSN 2079-7222

Indo-Pac. j. phenomenol. (Online) vol.12 n.2 Grahamstown Jul. 2012 

On evidence and argument in phenomenological research



Russell Walsh




Set against a background of calls for evidence-based practice, this paper explores the role of evidence and argument in phenomenological research. Drawing on Smith's (1998) analysis of original argument, the author considers how evidence can be discerned, understood, and communicated, and the resulting kinds and contexts of knowledge that may be constituted in the practice of phenomenological research. Linking Churchill's (2012) discussion of researcher perspectivity with Smith's analysis of original argument, contrasts are drawn between rhetorical, demonstrative, and dialectical approaches to argument, with proposed parallels to first-person, second-person, and third-person perspectives explored. Implications for argument-based phenomenological research are discussed.



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About the Author



Russ Walsh is an Associate Professor and the Director of Clinical Training in the Psychology Department at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Russ has directed over 20 dissertations employing qualitative methods, as well as taught numerous courses on research methodology and psychotherapy. He also served as department chairperson from 2000-2006.

His prior publications and conference presentations have focused primarily on the integration of hermeneutic and phenomenological methods in qualitative research. E-mail address:

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