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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

versión On-line ISSN 2413-3051
versión impresa ISSN 1021-447X

J. energy South. Afr. vol.23 no.1 Cape Town  2012


Measuring the indirect costs associated with the establishment of a wind farm: An application of the contingent valuation method



Mario du Preez; Greig Menzies; Michael Sale; Stephen Hosking

Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University




Although a green energy source, the location of electrical generating wind turbines may cause a disamenity effect (negative externality). The establishment of a wind farm is known as a locally undesirable land use (LULU) and leads to the not in my backyard syndrome (NIMBY). In an application of the contingent valuation method (a survey technique which elicits individuals' preferences and measures these preferences in monetary terms) a willingness to accept a framework was used to estimate the aggregate annual compensation required to allow the construction of a wind farm near Jeffrey's Bay, South Africa. This compensation amounted to R490 695. A binary choice Logit analysis found that retirement status, concern about climate change, concern about view shed impacts and the offer amount are important predictors of voting for or against the project.

Keywords: contingent valuation method, indirect cost, wind farm



Full text available only in PDF format.



The authors wish to thank two anonymous referees for their valuable comments as well as an anonymous referee from the ERSA for additional comments and recommendations. The financial support from the ERSA is also gratefully acknowledged.



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Received 31 August 2010
Revised 9 September 2011

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