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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

versión On-line ISSN 2413-3051
versión impresa ISSN 1021-447X

J. energy South. Afr. vol.22 no.3 Cape Town  2011

 

Renewable energy, poverty alleviation and developing nations: Evidence from Senegal

 

 

Djiby Racine Thiam

Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée, Cedex, France

 

 


ABSTRACT

The desire to increase energy access remains a strong driving force for poverty alleviation in rural areas of developing countries. The supply of modern energy facilitates the improvement of human living conditions and the productivity of sectors. It also contributes by reducing the time spent, mainly for women and children, in collecting biomass and therefore can provide an opportunity for an increase in the education level of children and for women empowerment. This paper shows how renewable energy facilitates the improvement of the standard of living in a Sahelian developing country of Senegal. Using a life-cycle-cost approach while integrating an assessment of the environmental externalities, I argue that in remote rural areas where grid-connection is non-existent, photovoltaic (PV) renewable technologies provide suitable solutions for delivering energy services although wind technology has been considered as well. In this framework, policies promoting the adoption of clean technologies in developing nations like Senegal could be considered as being the main components on the agenda of poverty reduction.

Keywords: poverty alleviation, electricity access, renewable technology, environmental externalities, off-grid


 

 

Full text available only in pdf format.

 

Acknowledgement

The author would like to thank David Ince for his comments and suggestions.

 

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Received 19 December 2009
Revised 22 February 2011