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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

On-line version ISSN 2413-3051
Print version ISSN 1021-447X

J. energy South. Afr. vol.21 n.1 Cape Town  2010

 

Use of artificial roughness to enhance heat transfer in solar air heaters - a review

 

 

Thakur Sanjay KumarI; N S ThakurII; Anoop KumarII; Vijay MittalI

IDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, BRCM College of Engineering & Technology, Bahal, Bhiwani (Haryana), India
IIDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India

 

 


ABSTRACT

Improvement in the thermo hydraulic performance of a solar air heater can be done by enhancing the heat transfer. In general, heat transfer enhancement techniques are divided into two groups: active and passive techniques. Providing an artificial roughness on a heat transferring surface is an effective passive heat transfer technique to enhance the rate of heat transfer to fluid flow. In this paper, reviews of various artificial roughness elements used as passive heat transfer techniques, in order to improve thermo hydraulic performance of a solar air heater, is done. The objective of this paper is to review various studies, in which different artificial roughness elements are used to enhance the heat transfer rate with little penalty of friction. Correlations developed by various researchers with the help of experimental results for heat transfer and friction factor for solar air heater ducts by taking different roughened surfaces geometries are given in tabular form. These correlations are used to predict the thermo hydraulic performance of solar air heaters having roughened ducts. The objective is to provide a detailed review on heat transfer enhancement by using an artificial roughness technique. This paper will be very helpful for the researchers who are researching new artificial roughness for solar air heater ducts to enhance the heat transfer rate and comparing with artificial roughness already studied by various researchers.

Keywords: solar air heater, artificial roughness, active & passive technique, heat transfer, friction factor


 

 

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Received 5 March 2009
Revised 2 December 2009