On-line version ISSN 2413-3051
J. energy South. Afr. vol.21 n.1 Cape Town 2010
Godwin Ogechi Unachukwu
National Centre for Energy Research and Development, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
This paper examines the potential for energy savings in Nigerian higher institutions with particular reference to the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Electricity consumption and cost profiles for a period of 10 years indicate a steady rise attributable to marginal improvement in staff living standards, increasing students' enrolment, infrastructural development, preponderant use of inefficient electrical appliances and increasing business activities within the community. Investigations show that about 51% of the total electricity consumption occurs in staff housing units, 16% in students' hostels and the balance in academic and public buildings on the campus. An internal energy policy, awareness creation and establishment of an energy management unit in the University system are some of the measures that can guarantee good savings. This paper estimates electricity savings potentials of 10-20% in Nigerian higher institutions through well articulated and vigorously pursued energy efficiency programmes in the system.
Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, savings potentials
Full text available only in pdf format.
The author wishes to acknowledge with gratitude, the funding support from the Board of the National Centre for Energy Research and Development, the Director of the Centre and the co operation received from staff and students of the Centre and the University, particularly the Works and Students Affairs Unit.
Carbon Trust GPG 311- Detecting energy Waste -a guide for energy audits and surveys in the government estate, Energy efficiency Best Practice. [ Links ]
Carbon Trust GPG 057- Conducting an Energy Walk-round of a School - Action energy from Carbon Trust U K. [ Links ]
Craig B. Smith (1981) - Energy Management Principles, Application Benefits Savings. Pergamon Press Inc. [ Links ]
David Yih-Liang Chan, Kuang-Hax, Chung-Hsuan Hsu, Min-Hsien, Gui-Bing Hong (2007) Current Situation of energy conservation in high-energy consuming industries in Taiwan, Energy Policy 35, pp 202-209. [ Links ]
Emmanuel Obiechina., Chukwuemeka Ike., and John Anenechukwu Umeh., University of Nigeria 1960-85: An Experiment in Higher Education. [ Links ]
Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN), 2006 - Draft Report of the National Energy Master Plan. [ Links ]
Magazine on the Kyoto Mechanisms Vol. 14, No.1 April 2008, Groningen, the Netherlands. [ Links ]
Proceedings of WEC National Workshop on 'Performance of Generating Plants' 8-9 April, 2008 Abuja, Nigeria. [ Links ]
Received 26 March 2009
Revised 4 December 2009