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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

versión On-line ISSN 2413-3051
versión impresa ISSN 1021-447X

J. energy South. Afr. vol.20 no.1 Cape Town  2009


Energy security and liquid fuels in South Africa



Jabavu Clifford Nkomo

International Development Research Centre




South Africa relies heavily on imported crude oil. Domestic sources and available substitutes alone cannot satisfy the country's current demand, resulting in imported crude oil accounting for over 90% of South Africa's requirements. This high level of dependence on imported crude oil exposes the economy to potential events that either interrupts supplies or leads to higher oil prices thereby undermining economic growth and development. Widening diversity of supply, demand-side measures and maintaining strategic inventories will strengthen energy security.

Keywords: vulnerability, security, dependence, diversification



Full text available only in PDF format.




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Received 6 September 2005
Revised 30 January 2009



Submitted by the author when employed at the Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town.

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