On-line version ISSN 2224-9435
J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. vol.82 n.1 Pretoria Jan. 2011
HISTORICAL ARTICLE HISTORIESE ARTIKEL
R C KrecekI,*; B L PenzhornII; D T de WaalIII; R J PeterIV; R PrichardV; D SumptionVI
IRoss University School of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 334, Basseterre, St Kitts, West Indies
IIDepartment of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
IIIUniversity College Dublin, School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, UCD Veterinary Sciences Centre, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
IVNexvet, 12 Denys Road, Johannesburg, 2191 South Africa
VInstitute of Parasitology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
VIBrantam Financial Services, PO Box 41110, Craighall, 2024 South Africa
The origin of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP) African Foundation is described. The 16th WAAVP Conference held in South Africa in 1997 generated a surplus of ZAR 430 460 (US$ 70 116). This was invested and a foundation established to manage the fund with the intention of using it to the mutual advantage of the WAAVP and African veterinary parasitologists. To date, more than 110 scholarship applications have been screened, and 51 full and partial scholarships awarded to young African veterinary parasitologists to attend subsequent biennial WAAVP Conferences. This investment has grown into a very successful endowment currently valued at US$ 206 553. This article is written in response to many queries across the globe about the origin of this fund and how it has been invested, managed, sustained and utilised.
Keywords: Africa, scholarships, veterinary parasitology research, young scientists, WAAVP.
Since 1999, more than 50 young veterinary parasitologists from Africa have attended international conferences of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP) on scholarships awarded by the WAAVP African Foundation.
This article is in response to many queries from colleagues across the globe about the origin and initiation of this fund, and how it has been invested, managed, sustained and utilised. Details about the WAAVP African Foundation may assist others to create their own mechanisms to assist young scientists in their regions to participate in international scientific forums.
HOW THE FUND ORIGINATED
The 16th WAAVP Conference, held in Sun City, South Africa in 19975, resulted in a surplus of ZAR 430 460 (US$ 70 116). The Organising Committee requested that this surplus be invested in South Africa and that a foundation be established to manage the fund. The authors of this paper include the WAAVP 16th Conference Organising Committee, the President of the WAAVP at that time and the Investment Manager. The aim was to utilise the fund to the mutual advantage of the WAAVP and African veterinary parasitologists, and to ultimately support the objectives of the WAAVP. The US$ 70 116 invested with Brantam Financial Services (South Africa) in 1998 has grown into a very successful endowment currently valued at US$ 206 553.
Initially the 16th WAAVP Conference Organising Committee selected a committed team and a conference organiser with a proven track record. Excellent promotion and marketing of the conference began in 1993, when the bid was successful, up to 1997. As a result, the conference attracted record numbers of delegates, allowing the Organising Committee to practise economies of scale. Excellent financial management was maintained throughout.
The key components have therefore been the original generation of the fund, a plan for managing and utilising it and the appointment of a WAAVP African Foundation Committee that has managed and sustained it for 13 years.
WHAT THE FUND HAS ACHIEVED
To date, more than 110 scholarship applications have been screened, and 51 full and partial scholarships awarded to young African veterinary parasitologists to attend subsequent biennial WAAVP Conferences. These scholarships have supported recipients to attend 6 WAAVP Conferences (17th-22nd) in 1999 (Denmark), 2001 (Italy)3, 2003 (USA)6, 2005 (New Zealand)4, 2007 (Belgium)1 and 2009 (Canada)2. Recipients from 12 African countries presented current research results addressing problems in Africa. The number of scholarships awarded for each conference ranged between 5 and 10. The countries include Algeria, Egypt, The Gambia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
A synopsis of the fund's performance since its inception in 1998 follows. The original capital invested was ZAR 430 460 (US$ 70 116) ; moneys withdrawn were ZAR 418 107; value (October 2010) was ZAR 1 448 647 (US$ 206 553) ; annual return in rands has been 15 % per annum and in US$ 11.5 % per annum (Fig. 1). It is envisaged that the WAAVP African Foundation will continue to provide assistance to African delegates for the foreseeable future.
The authors thank the late Professor Anna Verster whose successful bid to the WAAVP Executive led to the 16th WAAVP Conference being held in South Africa, and the members of the WAAVP African Foundation Committee who have served and include A Oldewage (South Africa), I Phiri (Zambia), M Soll (USA) and the fund's accountant, A Cambanis (South Africa).
1. Claerebout E, Vercruysse J (eds) 2007 From EPG to genes (Plenary paper for the 21st WAAVP Conference. Veterinary Parasitology 148: 1-74 [ Links ]
2. Colwell D (ed.) 2009 From EPG to genes (Plenary papers for the 22nd WAAVP Conference. Veterinary Parasitology 163: 187-262 [ Links ]
3. Genchi C, Kramer L H (eds) 2001 Promoting advancement, preserving tradition (Plenary papers for the 18th WAAVP Conference). Veterinary Parasitology 98: 1-238 [ Links ]
4. Hennessy D (ed.) 2005 From science to solutions (Plenary papers for the 20th WAAVP Conference). Veterinary Parasitology 132: 203-300 [ Links ]
5. Penzhorn B L, Krecek R C (eds) 1997 Veterinary parasitology into the 21st century (Plenary papers for the 16th WAAVP Conference). Veterinary Parasitology 71: 67-222 [ Links ]
6. Williams J C, Gasser R B, Malone J B (eds) 2004 Diversity and progress of veterinary parasitology research in the 21st century (Plenary papers for the 19th WAAVP Conference). Veterinary Parasitology 125: 1-220 [ Links ]