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Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

versión On-line ISSN 2224-9435
versión impresa ISSN 1019-9128

J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. vol.80 no.2 Cape Town  2009

 

CLINICAL COMMUNICATION KLINIESE MEDEDELING

 

Periaortic haemangiosarcoma in an African wild dog (Lycaon pictus)

 

 

A Newell-FugateI; E LaneII

ISection of Reproduction, Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa. Present address: Department of Animal Sciences, 380 Animal Sciences Laboratory, University of Illinois, 1207 Gregory Drive, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
IISenior Researcher, National Zoological Gardens, PO Box 754, Pretoria, 0001 South Africa

 

 


ABSTRACT

A 9-year-old apparently healthy male African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) was found dead in its enclosure at the De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre. Necropsy revealed a pericardium distended by approximately 250 ml of thick blood. A soft, red, lobulated mass was attached to the periaortic fat between the level of the aortic valves and the pericardial reflection. Histologically, the mass was consistent with a haemangiosarcoma. Other findings in the heart included mild to moderate ventricular hypertrophy and moderate, acute perivascular myocardial necrosis. Sudden death was attributed to acute heart failure precipitated by cardiac tamponade.

Keywords: African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), cardiac tamponade, heart failure, haemangio-sarcoma, pericardium, ventricular hypertrophy


 

 

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Received: November 2008
Accepted: May 2009

 

 

* Author for correspondence. E-mail: newellf1@uiuc.edu

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