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Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

On-line version ISSN 2224-9435

J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. vol.79 n.3 Cape Town  2008

 

ARTICLE ARTIKEL

 

The extent of acaricide resistance in 1-, 2- and 3-host ticks on communally grazed cattle in the eastern region of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

 

 

Z NtondiniI; E M S P van DalenII; I G HorakIII

IState Veterinary Services, 23 Smith Street, Aliwal North, 9750 South Africa; and Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
IIDepartment of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein, 3900 South Africa
IIIDepartment of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa, and Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein, 3900 South Africa

 

 


ABSTRACT

In order to determine the extent of acaricide resistance in the eastern region of the Eastern Cape Province 1-, 2- and 3-host ticks were collected from cattle at 59 dip-tanks over a period of 2 years. These ticks were tested for resistance against 3 compounds, namely amitraz, cypermethrin and chlorfenvinphos. The Shaw Larval Immersion Test detected emerging resistance to amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus at 2 dip-tanks and resistance at a 3rd. It also revealed resistance in this tick to cypermethrin at 1 dip-tank and emerging resistance to chlorfen vinphos at 8 dip-tanks and resistance at 2. Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi was susceptible to amitraz and cypermethrin at all dip-tanks, but showed emerging resistance to chlorfenvinphos at 7 dip-tanks and resistance at 4. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus was susceptible to amitraz and chlorfenvinphos at all dip-tanks and demonstrated emerging resistance to cypermethrin at 1. With the exception of R. (B.) microplus, in which emerging resistance to amitraz was detected at 1 dip-tank by the Reproductive Estimate Test, all 3 tick species at all dip-tanks at which sufficient numbers of ticks had been collected were susceptible to the 3 acaracides in both the Egg Laying Test and the Reproductive Estimate Test. The localities at which acaricide resistance was recorded were mapped.

Key words: acaricide resistance, amitraz, chlorfenvinphos, cypermethrin, Eastern Cape Province, ixodid ticks, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi


 

 

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Received: March 2008
Accepted: July 2008

 

 

* Author for correspondence. E-mail: vdalenem.sci@ufs.ac.za

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