SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.79 número2Care, husbandry and diseases of the African giant rat (Cricetomys gambianus) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados



Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

versión On-line ISSN 2224-9435
versión impresa ISSN 1019-9128

J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. vol.79 no.2 Cape Town  2008




Perceptions and problems of disease in the one-humped camel in southern Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries



R T Wilson

Bartridge Partners, Bartridge House, Umberleigh, Devon, EX37 9AS, UK. E-mail:




The one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) was first introduced to German South West Africa (Namibia) for military purposes in 1889. Introductions to the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa) in 1897 and Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) in 1903 were initially with a view to replacing oxen that died of rinderpest. Disease risks attendant on these introductions were recognised and to some extent guarded against. There were, however, relatively few problems. One camel was diagnosed as having foot-and-mouth disease. Mange in camels from India caused some concern as did trypanosomosis from Sudan. Trypanosomosis was introduced into both the Cape of Good Hope and Transvaal. Antibodies to some common livestock disease were found in later years.

Keywords: Animal imports, antibodies, foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, sarcoptic mange, trypanosomosis



“Full text available only in PDF format”




1. AHST 2007 African Horse Sickness Trust Website. (accessed 27 December 2007)        [ Links ]

2. Anon. 1903a Editorial. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal 1: 1        [ Links ]

3. Anon 1903b Camels in Rhodesia. The African Review 36: 50 (5 September)        [ Links ]

4. Anon. 1904 Foot and mouth disease in camels. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal 1: 84        [ Links ]

5. Beckett I F W 2006 The Victorians at war. Continuum International Publishing Group, Hambledon, UK: 103        [ Links ]

6. BFVPC 2001 Arnold Theiler (1867-1936). Big Five Veterinary Pharmaceutical Company, Onderstepoort, South Africa        [ Links ]

7. Coillard F 1898 Sur le Haut Zambèze, voyages et travaux de mission. P Berger-Levrault, Paris        [ Links ]

8. Flint J 1903 Camels in Rhodesia. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal 1: 5-6        [ Links ]

9. Grunow W 1961 Entstehung und Einsatz des Kamelreiterkorps der Kaiserl. Schutztruppe für Deutsch-Südwest Afrika (Origins and deployment of the Kaiser's Camel-corps Defence Force in German Southwest Africa). Mitteilungsblatt des Traditions-verbandes ehemaliger Schutz-und-Überseetruppen 61: 44-49        [ Links ]

10. Koch R 1903a Third report on African Coast Fever. Minutes of the Proceedings and Ordinances of the Legislative Council, Rhodesia        [ Links ]

11. Koch R 1903b The cattle disease in Southern Rhodesia. Transvaal Agricultural Journal 4: 122-127        [ Links ]

12. Mack R 1970 The great African cattle plague epidemic of the 1890s. Tropical Animal Health and Production 2: 210-219        [ Links ]

13. McKnight T L 1969 The camel in Australia. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne        [ Links ]

14. Reinecke G 1911 Eine Trypanosomenkrankheit der Dromnedare in Deutsch-Süwestafrika. Zeitschrift für Veterinärkunde 23: 1-12        [ Links ]

15. Rossiter PB 1994 Rinderpest. In Coetzer J A W, Thomson G R, Tustin R C (eds) Infectious diseases of livestock with special reference to southern Africa. Oxford University Press, Cape Town, South Africa        [ Links ]

16. Schneider H P 1994 Animal health and veterinary medicine in Namibia. Agrivet Publishers, Windhoek: 206        [ Links ]

17. Theiler A 1903 Rhodesian cattle disease and rabies. Transvaal Agricultural Journal 1:37-41        [ Links ]

18. Theiler A 1906 Trypanosomiasis in camels. Annual Report of the Director of Agriculture, 1904-1905. Transvaal Department of Agriculture, Pretoria: 106        [ Links ]

19. Theiler A 1906 Trypanosomiasis in the camel. Journal of Tropical Veterinary Science 1: 295        [ Links ]

20. Wallace R 1896 Farming industries of the Cape Colony. London        [ Links ]



Received: February 2008
Accepted: May 2008



Wilson R T Perceptions and problems of disease in the one-humped camel in southern Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association (2008) 79(2): 58-61 (En.). Bartridge Partners, Bartridge House, Umberleigh, Devon, EX37 9AS, UK.

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons