SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.28 issue1Psalm 51: "Take not your Holy Spirit away from me"Eunuch in the ancient Near East author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Acta Theologica

On-line version ISSN 2309-9089

Acta theol. vol.28 n.1 Bloemfontein Jun. 2008

 

The role of religious values in extending social protection: A South African perspective

 

 

L.G. Mpedi

Associate Professor: Department of Mercantile Law, Faculty of Law, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park Campus. E-mail: lgmpedi@uj.ac.za. This contribution is based on a paper presented at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Workshop on Social Security in Religious Networks: Changes in Means, Contents and Functions, Halle/Saale, Germany, 10-11 November 2005

 

 


ABSTRACT

This article reflects critically on the role played by religious networks - in particular the African Independent Churches or African Initiated Churches (AICs) - in enhancing social protection by means of informal coping mechanisms in the South African context. It also examines various factors that contribute towards informal social security dependency in AICs, namely the influence of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, the limited scope of social security coverage, the restricted family concept (underlying much of the formal system which does not reflect the family context in South Africa), African traditional values, and Christian principles. In addition, the article investigates the nature of the relationship between informal coping mechanisms (such as those in AICs) and formal social security, i.e. whether informal social security strengthens or weakens formal social security. It finally explores ways and means of strengthening informal social security, in particular in the wake of challenges such as HIV/AIDS, urbanisation and migration.

Keywords: South Africa, Social protection, Religious values


Trefwoorde: Suid-Afrika, Sosiale veiligheid, Godsdienstige waardes


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anderson, A. 1995. Challenges and prospects for research into African Initiated Churches in Southern Africa. Missionalia 23:283-294.         [ Links ]

Anderson, A. Prophetic healing and the growth of the Zion Christian Church in South Africa.         [ Links ] [On-line.] Retrieved from: http://artsweb.bham.ac.uk [2005, 7 September].

Apt, N.A. 2000. Ageing in Africa. Paper prepared for the World Congress on Medicine and Health, Hanover.         [ Links ]

Apt, N.A. s.a. Rapid urbanisation and living arrangements of older persons.         [ Links ] [Online.] Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/bulletin42_43/apt.pdf [2005, 7 September].

Asian Development Bank s.a. Social Protection: Reducing risks, increasing opportunities.         [ Links ] [Online.] Retrieved from: http://www.adb.org/SocialProtection/default.asp [2005, 7 September].

Bak, M. 2004. Can developmental welfare change an unfair world? The South African experience. International Social Work 47(1):81-94.         [ Links ]

Barrie, G.N. 2000. Ubuntu ungamuntu ngabanye abantu The recognition of minority rights in the South African constitution. Tydskrif vir die Suid Afrikaanse Reg 2:271-278.         [ Links ]

Bertrand M., Mullainatian S. & Miller, D. 2003. Public policy and extended families: Evidence from pensions in South Africa. World Bank Economic Review 17(1):27-50.         [ Links ]

Bongmba, E.K. 2003. Christian reform movements. In: P.T. Zeleza & D. Eyoh (eds.), Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History (London: Routledge), pp. 77-83.         [ Links ]

Chirwa, D.M. 2002. Obligations of non-State actors in relations to economic, social and cultural rights under the South African Constitution. Bellvile: Community Law Centre, University of the Western Cape.         [ Links ]

Church, J. 1982. The black family and the law. In: F. Bosman, (ed.), Social Welfare Law (Johannesburg: Lex Patria), pp. 287-312.         [ Links ]

Clark, B. 2000. Child maintenance and the role of the South African state. International Journal of Children's Rights 8(4):307-320.         [ Links ]

Clay, D.C. & Van der Haar, J.E. 1993. Patterns of intergenerational support and childbearing in the third word. Population Studies 47(1):67-83.         [ Links ]

Cobbah, JAM. 1987. African values and the human rights debate: An African perspective. Human Rights Quarterly 9(3):309-331.         [ Links ]

Committee of Inquiry into a Comprehensive System of Social Security for South Africa 2002. Transforming the present - Protecting the future: Consolidated report. Pretoria: Committee of Inquiry into a Comprehensive System of Social Security for South Africa.         [ Links ]

Duflo, E. 2003. Grandmothers and granddaughters: Old-age pensions and intra-household allocation in South Africa. World Bank Economic Review 17(1):1-25.         [ Links ]

Ejizu, C.I. s.a. African Traditional Religions and the promotion of community-living in Africa.         [ Links ] [Online.] Retrieved from: http://www.afrikaworld.net/afrel/community.htm [2005, 7 September].

Fitzpatrick, D. 1900. Non-Christian marriage. Journal of the Society of Comparative Legislation 2(2):359-387.         [ Links ]

Fitzpatrick, D. 1901. Non-Christian marriage (second article). Journal of the Society of Comparative Legislation 3(2):157-203.         [ Links ]

Folbre, N. 1993. Women and social security in Latin America, the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa. Geneva: International Labour Office.         [ Links ]

Gerdes, V. 1975. Precursors of modern social security in indigenous African institutions. Journal of Modern African Studies 13(2):209-228.         [ Links ]

Harris, T.J. 1990. Social security and its antidote. Antithesis.         [ Links ] [Online.] Retrieved from: http://www.reformed.org/webfiles/antithesis/v1n1/ant_v1n1_socsec.html [2005, 7 September].

Hayes, S. 1992. The African Independent Churches: Judgment through terminology? Missionalia 20(2):139-146.         [ Links ]

International Labour Organization 2000. HIV/AIDS: A threat to decent work, productivity and development. Geneva: International Labour Office.         [ Links ]

Isizoh, C.D. 2003. African traditional religions: One stereotype less.         [ Links ] [Online.] African Societies 4. Retrieved from: http://www.africansocieties.org/n4/eng/chidi.htm [2005, 7 September].

Kamara, G.M. 2000. Regaining our African aesthetics and essence through our African traditional religion. Journal of Black Studies 30(4):502-514.         [ Links ]

Kaseke, E. 2002. Informal social security in Eastern and Southern Africa. In: Towards the Development of Social Protection in the SADC Region (Johannesburg: Centre for International and Comparative Labour and Social Security Law), pp. 242-250.         [ Links ]

Kokole, O.H. 1994. The politics of fertility in Africa. Population and Development Review 20(1): 73-88.         [ Links ]

Levin, J. 1939. Some consequences of marriage by native Christians in British Africa. Modern Law Review 3(1):48-52.         [ Links ]

Louw, D.J. 2001. Ubuntu and the challenges of multiculturalism in post-apartheid South Africa. Quest: An African Journal of Philosophy 15(1-2):15-36.         [ Links ]

Louw, L. & Koegelenberg, R. 2003. Building a new South Africa: The building of a caring, democratic and equitable society through partnerships between the State and the National Religious Leaders' Forum (NRLF). Position paper prepared for the NRLF meeting with President Thabo Mbeki.         [ Links ]

Maes, A. 2003. Informal economic and social security in sub-Saharan Africa. International Social Security Review 56(3-4):39-58.         [ Links ]

Malhotra, R. & Kabeer, N. 2002. Demographic transition, inter-generational contracts and old age security: An emerging challenge for social policy in developing countries. Institute of Development Studies.         [ Links ]

Mazibuko, B.A. 1996. Mutual sharing as liberation of 'Mainline' and Independent Churches. In: M.C. Kitshoff, (ed.), African Independent Churches today: Kaleidoscope of Afro-Christianity (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press), pp. 249-264.         [ Links ]

McKendrick, B. & Dudas, E. 1987. South Africa. In: J. Dixon (ed.), Social Welfare in Africa (Kent: Croom Helm), pp. 184-217.         [ Links ]

Mokgoro, J.Y. 2007. Ubuntu and the law in South Africa. Paper presented at the first Colloquium: Constitution and Law, held in Potchefstroom, South Africa.         [ Links ]

Mpedi, L.G. 2004. HIV/AIDS in South Africa: Towards comprehensive social protection? Zeitschrift für auslandisches und internationales Arbeits- und Sozialrecht (ZIAS) 18(3):243-270.         [ Links ]

Mpedi, L.G, Kuppan, G.Y. & Olivier, M.P. 2003. Welfare and legal aid. In: M.P. Olivier, N. Smit, & E.R. Kalula (eds.), Social security: A legal analysis. Durban (LexisNexis/Butterworths), pp. 197-230.         [ Links ]

Mutangadura, G.B. 2001. Women and AIDS in Southern Africa: The case of Zimbabwe and its policy implications. Jenda: A Journal of Culture and African Women Studies 1:1-11.         [ Links ]

Nattrass, N. & Seekings, J. 1997. Citizenship and welfare in South Africa: Deracialisation and inequality in labour surplus economy. Canadian Journal of African Studies 31(3):452-481.         [ Links ]

Norton, G.R. 1941. The emergence of new religious organisations in South Africa: A discussion of causes (Part II). Journal of the Royal African Society 40(158):48-67.         [ Links ]

Okolo, C.B. s.a. Urbanization and African traditional values. In: J. Kromkowski & G.F. McLean (eds.), Urbanization and values. Cultural heritage and contemporary change.         [ Links ] [On-line.] Retrieved from: http://www.crvp.org/book/Series01/I-5/chapter_ix.htm [2005, 7 September].

Olivier, M. 2001. Towards social protection: Lessons from a comparative perspective. In: D. Pieters (ed.), Confidence and changes: Managing social protection in the new millennium (The Hague: Kluwer Law), pp. 277-301.         [ Links ]

Olivier, M. & Dekker, A.H. 2003. Informal social security. In: M. Olivier, N. Smit, & E.R. Kalula (eds.), Social security: A legal analysis (Durban: LexisNexis/Butterworths), pp. 559-593.         [ Links ]

Olivier, M.P. 2003. Death and survivors' benefits. In: M. Olivier, N. Smit, & E.R. Kalula (eds.), Social security: A legal analysis (Durban: LexisNexis/Butterworths), pp. 301-310.         [ Links ]

Olivier, M.P. & Kalula, E.R. 2004. Legal framework and scope of coverage. In: M.P. Olivier, N. Smit, E.R. Kalula & G.C.Z. Mhone (eds.), Introduction to social security (Durban: LexisNexis/Butterworths), pp. 33-53.         [ Links ]

Olivier, M.P. & Mpedi, L.G. 2003. Extending social protection to families in the African context: The complementary role of formal and informal social security. Paper presented at the 4th International Research Conference on Social Security, Antwerp, Belgium.         [ Links ]

Olivier, M.P., Kaseke, E. & Mpedi, L.G. 2004. Formulating an integrated social security response - Perspectives on developing links between informal and formal social security in SADC region. Paper presented at the EGDI-WIDER Conference on Unlocking Human Potential Linking the Informal and Formal Sectors, Helsinki.         [ Links ]

Olivier M.P., Khoza, J.F., Jansen van Rensburg, L. & Klinck, E. 2003. Constitutional issues. In: M. P. Olivier, N. Smit & E.R. Kalula (eds.), Social security: A legal analysis (Durban: LexisNexis/Butterworths), pp. 49-121.         [ Links ]

Pieterse, E. & Van Donk, M. 2002. Realising socio-economic rights: The role of the state and civil society. Economic and Social Rights Review 3.         [ Links ] [Online.] Retrieved from: http://communitylaw-centre.org.za/ser/esr 2002/2002july_civil.php [2005, 7 September].

Rautenbach, C. & Goolam, N.M.I. (Eds.) 2002. Introduction to legal pluralism in South Africa: Part II - Religious legal systems. Durban. Butterworths.         [ Links ]

Roberts, B. 2000. Africa-morality: South Africa needs moral renewal.         [ Links ] [Online.] Agence France-Presse. Retrieved from: http://www.aegis.com [2005, 7 September].

Schirrmacher, T. 1997. Social responsibility in the New Testament church according to Acts 6.         [ Links ] [Online.] Retrieved from: http://www.contra-mundmum.org/schirrmacher/social_acts6.html [2005, 7 September].

Songuemas, N. 1967. Social security and indigenous institutions in African societies. African Social Security Series 3:18-27.         [ Links ]

Statistics South Africa 2007. Labour force survey: 2007. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa.         [ Links ]

Sudarkasa, N. 1980. African and Afro-American family structure: A comparison. Journal of Black Studies and Research 11(8):37-60.         [ Links ]

Unaids/World Health Organization 2004. AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2004. Geneva: UNIADS/World Health Organization.         [ Links ]

Valodia, I. 2001. Economic policy and women's informal work in South Africa. Development and Change 32(5):871-892.         [ Links ]

Van der Vyver, J.D. 1999. Constitutional perspective of church-state relationship in South Africa. Brigham Young University Law Review 2:635-673.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License