SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.25 número2Anteriority and justification: Pragmatic functions of the We x-qatal form indirect speech in the book of GenesisEcotheology: Transforming biblical metaphors - a response to Gunther Wittenberg's transformation of the dominion metaphor índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


Old Testament Essays

versão On-line ISSN 2312-3621
versão impressa ISSN 1010-9919

Old testam. essays vol.25 no.2 Pretoria  2012

 

Meteorological views in Qohelet 1:6-7

 

 

Aron Pinker

Maryland, USA

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

Qohelet 1:4-7 is intended to demonstrate that permanent phenomena exist on earth, and thereby crystallize the question posed in 1:3. The context of Aristotle's Meteorology provides a convenient framework for explaining the meteorological references in vv. 6-7. Within this context, v. 4a represents the beat of time; v. 6a serves double duty, referring to both sun and wind; v. 6b deals with change in wind direction associated with sun's movement to its solstices; and, v. 7 might have in its background an evaporation process. It is likely that Qohelet was familiar with views that were similar to those of Aristotle in Meteorology. If he shared these views, then he adopted positions that were at variance with the normative biblical perceptions.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format” 

 

 

Bibliography

Aristotle. Meteorology. Book I. Translated by E.W. Webster. Accessed on 30 March 2012. Online: http://clasics.mit.edu/Aristotle/Meteorology.html.         [ Links ]

Auffret, Pierre. "'Rien du tout de nouveau sous le soleil': Etude stucturelle de Qoh 1,4-11." Folia Orientalia 26 (1989): 145-166.         [ Links ]

Barton, George A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes. International Critical Commentary. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1908.         [ Links ]

Bichler, Reinhold. "Hellenismus ": Geschichte und Problematikeines Epochenbegriffs. Impulse der Forschung 41. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1983.         [ Links ]

Botterweck, G. Johannes and Helmer Ringgren, eds. Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Alten Testament. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag, 1970-2000.         [ Links ]

Brown, Francis, Samuel R. Driver and Charles A. Briggs. A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Oxford, 1906.         [ Links ]

Chaplin, Thomas. Palestine Exploration Fund: Quarterly Statement. London: Palestine Exploration Fund, January 1883.         [ Links ]

Crenshaw, James L. Ecclesiastes. Westminster, John Knox Press, 1987.         [ Links ]

Delitzsch, Franz. Hoheslied und Koheleth. Biblischer Kommentar, Altes Testament 4; Leipzig: Dorffling & Franke, 1875.         [ Links ]

Einstein, Berthold R. Josef Kara und sein Kommentar zu Kohelet. Berlin: Ud. Mampe, 1886.         [ Links ]

Eissfeldt, Otto. Baal Zaphon, Zeus Kasios und der Durchzug der Israeliten durchs Meer. Halle: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1932.         [ Links ]

Ellermeier, Friedrich. Qohelet. Volume 1, Part 1 of Untersuchungen zum Buche Qohelet. Herzberg am Harz: Jungfer, 1967.         [ Links ]

Elster, Ernst. Prediger Salamo. Göttingen: Verlag der Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, 1855.         [ Links ]

Forbes, Robert J. Studies in Ancient Technology. Vol. 7. Leiden: Brill, 1966.         [ Links ]

Fox, Michael V. A Time to Tear Down and A Time to Build Up. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999.         [ Links ]

_____. "Qohelet 1.4." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 40 (1988): 109.         [ Links ]

Ganor, Eliezer. Meteorologia Belsrael 8 (1971): 6-21.         [ Links ]

Ginsberg, H. Louis. Koheleth. Tel Aviv: Newman, 1961.         [ Links ]

Ginsburg, Christian D. Coheleth. London: Longman, 1861.         [ Links ]

Goldreich, Yair. The Climate of Israel: Observation, Research, and Application. New York: Kluwer Academic, 2003.         [ Links ]

Gordis, Robert. Koheleth, the Man and his World: A Study of Ecclesiastes. 3rd ed. New York: Schocken, 1968.         [ Links ]

Graetz, Heinrich. Kohelet. Leipzig: C.F. Winter'sche Verlagshandlung, 1871.         [ Links ]

Hengstenberg, Ernst W. Commentary on Ecclesiastes. Philadelphia: Smith, English & Co., 1869.         [ Links ]

Hertzberg, Hans W. Der Prediger. Kommentar zum Alten Testament n.s., xvii, 4. Gutersloh: Mohn, 1963.         [ Links ]

Hitzig, Ferdinand and Wilhelm Nowack. Der Prediger Salomos erklart. 2nd ed.         [ Links ]

Kurzgefasstes Exegetisches Handbuch zum Alten Testament 7; Leipzig: Hirzel, 1883.         [ Links ]

Japhet, Sara and Robert B. Salters. The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir (Rashbam) on Qoheleth. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1985.         [ Links ]

Jastrow Jr., Marcus A. A Gentle Cynic, Being a Translation of the Book of Koheleth. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1919.         [ Links ]

Knobel, August. Commentar über das Buch Koheleth. Leipzig: Verlag von Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1836.         [ Links ]

Longman, Tremper. The Book of Ecclesiastes. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.         [ Links ]

Loretz, Oswald. "Anfänge jüdischer Philosophie nach Qoheleth 1,1-11 und 3,1-15." Ugarit-Forshungen 23 (1991): 223-244.         [ Links ]

_____. Qohelet und der Alte Orient: Untersuchungen zu Stil und theologischer Thematik des Buches Qohelet. Freiburg: Basel, 1964.         [ Links ]

Neumann, Jehuda. "The Winds in the World of the Ancient Mesopotamian Civilizations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 58/10 (1977): 1050-1055.         [ Links ]

Margoliouth, D.S. "The Prologue of Ecclesiastes." Expositor 8 (1911): 463-470.         [ Links ]

Min, Young-Jin. "How Do the Rivers Flow? (Ecclesiastes 1,7)." Bible Translator 42 (1991): 226-230.         [ Links ]

Ogden, Graham S. "The Interpretation of "איתור אזור העשייה בירושלים בהתאם למשטר רוחות הקרקע" in Ecclesiastes 1:4." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 34 (1986): 91-92.         [ Links ]

Orni, Efraim and Elisha Efrat. Geography of Israel. Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1964.         [ Links ]

Perry, T. Anthony. Dialogues with Kohelet: The Book of Ecclesiastes. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

Plumptre, Edward H. Ecclesiastes: or, the Preacher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1881.         [ Links ]

Pinker, Aron. "Anthropomorphic Conceptions of the Sun in Qohelet 1:5." HIPHIL 1 (2010): 1-14.         [ Links ]

Pope, Marvin H. Song of Songs. The Anchor Bible 7C. New York: Doubleday, 1980.         [ Links ]

Sarna, Nahum M. Pages 747-751 in Encyclopaedia Biblica 6. Edited by Thomas K. Cheyne and J. Sutherland Black. Jerusalem: Bialik Institute, 1971.         [ Links ]

Seow, Choon-Leong. Ecclesiastes: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. New York: Yale University, 2008.         [ Links ]

Siegfried, D.C. Prediger und Hocheslied. Handbuch zum Alten Testament II, 3/2. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1898.         [ Links ]

Stuart, Moses. Commentary on Ecclesiastes. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1851.         [ Links ]

Wildeboer, D. Gerrit. "Der Prediger." Pages 109-168 in Karl Budde, Alfred Bertholet and D. Geret Wildeboer. Die fünf Megillot. Kurzer Hand-Commentar zum Alten Testament 17. Freiburg: Mohr, 1898.         [ Links ]

Wright, Charles H.H. The Book of Koheleth. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1888.         [ Links ]

Whybray, Roger N. "Ecclesiastes 1.4-7 and the Wonders of Nature." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 41 (1988): 105-112.         [ Links ]

Zapletal, Vincenz. Das Buch Kohelet. Freiburg: O. Gschwend, 1911.         [ Links ]

Zer-Kavod, Mordechai. in Jerusalem: Mosad HaRav Kook, 1973.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Dr. Aron Pinker
11519 Monticello Ave, Silver Spring, Md
20902 USA
Email: aron_pinker@hotmail.com

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons