SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.24 número3A new Biblical Hebrew teaching grammar for African Bible translators: A typological approachDivine forgiveness in the major prophets índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Old Testament Essays

versión On-line ISSN 2312-3621
versión impresa ISSN 1010-9919

Old testam. essays vol.24 no.3 Pretoria  2011

 

Patrimonialism in the causes of the division of the kingdom in Israel: A reading of the division narrative from the perspective of the Rwandan context of social conflict

 

 

Eraste Nyirimana

UKZN

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

The account of the division of the kingdom of Israel reported in 1 Kgs 11-14 shows a tension between the recounted episode in itself and its global contextual framework. On one hand, the narrative reports the event as a divinely fated event resulting from Yahweh's judgment on Solomon's apostasy. On the other hand, the larger context described in the biblical traditions as well as the social history of Israel indicate that the division resulted from socio-economic problems that developed throughout the history of Israel. These problems revolved around the people's resistance against the leaders who, instead of serving the people, exploited them through patrimonial regimes in which the leaders appealed to kinship relations to consolidate their rules. Aspects of this socio-economic conflict in Israel find parallels in contemporary social conflicts in Africa and elsewhere. The present essay attempts a comparative and evaluative approach that establishes a dialogue between the context of social conflict in Israel and the context of similar conflict in Rwanda. Issues that provide the space for interaction in the present article include the attitude of political leaders whose inequitable regimes jeopardized social unity; then the deliberate decision of the same leaders to ignore the voice of the peacemakers resulting in tragedies. The paper argues that patrimonialism contributed to conflicts in both contexts. A dialogical interaction between the contexts of conflict in Israel and in Rwanda is preceded by a brief description of the comparative approach adopted in this paper.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anderson, Arnold. A. 2 Samuel. Word Biblical Commentary. Dallas, Tex.: Word Books Publisher, 1989.         [ Links ]

Brindle, Wayne. A. "The Causes of the Division of the Kingdom" Bibliotheca Sacra 141/563 (July-September 1984): 223-233.         [ Links ]

Brown, Francis, S. Rolles Driver, and C. Augustus Briggs. Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Electronic ed. Oak Harbor, Wash.: Logos Research Systems, 2000.         [ Links ]

Chrétien, Jean. P. The Great Lakes of Africa: Two Thousand Years of History. New York: Zone Books, 2003.         [ Links ]

Carson, Don A. New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition. 4th ed. Leicester, England: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994.         [ Links ]

Cogan, Mordechai. I Kings: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. New York: Doubleday, 2001.         [ Links ]

Coote, Robert. B. In Defense of Revolution. Minneapolis: Fortress,1991.         [ Links ]

Dietrich, Walter. The Early Monarchy in Israel: The Tenth Century B.C.E. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2007.         [ Links ]

Draper, Jonathan. A. '"For the Kingdom Is Inside You and It Is Outside You': Contextual Exegesis in South Africa." Pages 235-257 in Texts and Interpretation: New Approaches in the Criticism of the New Testament. Edited by Patrick J. Hartin and Jacobus H. Petzer. Leiden: Brill, 1991.         [ Links ]

Dumbrell, William J. "In Those Days There Was No King in Israel; Every Man Did What Was Right in his Own Eyes: The Purpose of the Book of Kings Reconsidered." Pages 72-82 in The Historical Books: A Sheffield Reader. Edited by Cheryl J. Exum. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997).         [ Links ]

Fokkelman, Jan P. King David (II Samuel 9-20 & I Kings 1-2). Volume 1 of Narrative Art and Poetry in the Books of Samuel. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1981.         [ Links ]

Frick, Frank S. The Formation of the State in Ancient Israel. Sheffield: Almond Press, 1985.         [ Links ]

Gatwa, Tharcisse. The Churches and Ethnic Ideology in the Rwandan Crises 1900-1994. UK: Paternoster, 2005.         [ Links ]

Gifford, Paul. African Christianity: Its Public Role. London: Hurst and Company. 1998.         [ Links ]

Hayes, John. H. "The Period of the Judges and the Rise of the Monarchy." Pages 285-322 in Israelite and Judean History. Edited by John H. Hayes and James M. Miller. London: SCM Press, 1977.         [ Links ]

Ishida, Tomoo. "Solomon's Succession to the Throne of David - A Political Analysis." Pages 175-187 in Studies in the Period of David and Solomon and Other Essays. Edited by Tomoo Ishida. Tokyo: Yamakawa-Shuppansha, 1982.         [ Links ]

Kamukama, Doxon. "Pride and Prejudice in Ethnic Relation." Pages 133-160 in Arms and Draggers in the Heart of Africa. Edited by Anyang P. Nyong'o. Nairobi: Academy Science Publishers, 1993.         [ Links ]

Kuper, Leon. The Pity of It All: Polarisation of Racial and Ethnic Relations. London: Duckworth, 1977.         [ Links ]

Lawrence O. Richards and Larry Richard. The Teacher's Commentary. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books. 1987.         [ Links ]

Lemarchand, René. Rwanda and Burundi. London: Pall Mall, 1970.         [ Links ]

Lemche, Niels. P. Ancient Israel: A New History of Israelite Society. Sheffield, England: JSOT Press, 1988.         [ Links ]

Malamat, Abraham. "Origins of State Craft in the Israelite Monarchy." Pages 163-198 in The Biblical Archaeologist Reader. Volume 3. Edited by Edward F. Campbell, Jr. and David N. Freedman. Garden City: Anchor Books, Doubleday, 1970.         [ Links ]

McNutt, Paula. Reconstructing the Society of Ancient Israel. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press. 1999.         [ Links ]

National Unity and Reconciliation Commission, Republic of Rwanda. "Report of the National Summit on Unity and Reconciliation." Kigali, 2002.         [ Links ]

Preston, Thomas R. "The Heroism of Saul: Patterns of Meanings in the Narrative of the Early Kingship." Pages 122-141 in The Historical Books: A Sheffield Reader. Edited by Cheryl J. Exum. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997.         [ Links ]

Richards, Larry and Lawrence O. Richards. The Teacher's Commentary. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1987.         [ Links ]

Sibomana, André. Hope for Rwanda: Conversation with Laure Guilbert and Hervé Deuigne. London: Pluto Press, 1999.         [ Links ]

Soggin, Alberto J. "Compulsory Labor under David and Solomon." Pages 259-267 in Studies in the Period of David and Solomon and Other Essays. Edited by Ishida Tomoo. Tokyo:Yamakawa-Shuppansha, 1982.         [ Links ]

Tadmor, Hayim. "Traditional Institutions and the Monarchy: Social and Political Tensions in the Time of David and Solomon." Pages 239-257 in Studies in the Period of David and Solomon and Other Essays. Edited by Ishida Tomoo. Tokyo: Yamakawa-Shuppansha, 1982.         [ Links ]

Ukpong, Justin. S. "Developments in Biblical Interpretation in Modern Africa," in Missionalia 27/3 (November 1999): 313-329.         [ Links ]

Villa-Vicencio, Charles, Paul Nantulya and Tryone Savage, eds. Building Nations: Transitional Justice in the African Great Lakes Region. Cape Town: Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, 2005.         [ Links ]

Walvoord, John. F. and Roy B. Zuck. The Bible Knowledge Commentary. Colorado Springs: Chariot Victor, 1985.         [ Links ]

Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. London: Routledge, 1992.         [ Links ]

West, Gerald. "Interpreting 'the Exile' in African Biblical Scholarship: An Ideotheological Dilemma in Post-colonial South Africa." Pages 247-267 in Exile and suffering. Edited by Bob Becking and Dirk Human. Leiden: Brill, 2009.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Dr Eraste Nyirimana
Post-doctoral Research, Department of Biblical Studies
University of Kwazulu-Natal
Email: erasterose@yahoo.fr orerasterose@gmail.com

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons