SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.23 issue3God the creator: Contrasting images in Psalm 65:10-14 and Jeremiah 23:9-15In search of the right metaphor: A response to Peet van Dyk's "Challenges in the search for an ecotheology" Part two: Searching for an alternative author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Old Testament Essays

On-line version ISSN 2312-3621

Old testam. essays vol.23 n.3 Pretoria  2010

 

Unstructural analysis of the bible reinforcing unstructural analysis of African contexts in (South) Africa?

 

 

Gerald West

University of KwaZulu-Natal

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

In the 1980s South African biblical scholar Itumeleng Mosala argued that there was a danger within South African Black Theology that "unstructural understanding of the Bible " might simply "reinforce and confirm unstructural understanding of the present." This article argues that what Mosala predicted might happen within Black Theology has indeed happened, but that it has happened more generally within the religious sector as well as the state sector in post-apartheid South Africa. The article goes on to argue, using the work of Paul Gifford, that this trend brings South Africa into alignment with a similar development in many other African countries. The article concludes with some reflection on what a "structural understanding" of the biblical economic systems might contribute to a more structural understanding of current African contextual realities.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ANC. "Elections 1999 Manifesto. Together, in Every Sector, Fighting for Change." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/elections/manifesto/sectors.html.         [ Links ]

ANC, African National Congress. "Section 7. Rdp of the Soul." Umrabulo. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/policy/2007/discussion/rdp.html.         [ Links ]

Chaney, Marvin L. "Bitter Bounty. The Dynamics of Political Economy Critiqued by the Eighth-Century Prophets." Pages 250-263 in The Bible and Liberation. Political and Social Hermeneutics. Edited by Norman K. Gottwald & Richard A. Horsley. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1993.         [ Links ]

_. "Micah - Models Matter. Political Economy and Micah 6:9-15." Pages 145-160 in Ancient Israel. The Old Testament in Its Social Context. Edited by Philip F. Esler. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2006.         [ Links ]

DA, Democratic Alliance. "Jacob Zuma, Jesus, and Robert Mugabe." Politicsweb (30 June 2008). Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politicsweb/view/politicsweb/en/page71619?oid=93081&sn=Detail.         [ Links ]

De Gruchy, John W. & Steve de Gruchy. The Church Struggle in South Africa. 25th Anniversary Edition. London: SCM Press, 2004.         [ Links ]

Du Plessis, Carien. "Cope Like Jesus's Donkey - Zuma." News 24 (19 November 2008). Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/Politics/0,,2-712_2429417,00.html.         [ Links ]

Gifford, Paul. African Christianity. Its Public Role. London: Hurst & Company, 1998.         [ Links ]

_. "The Bible as a Political Document in Africa." Pages 16-28 in Scriptural Politics. The Bible and the Koran as Political Models in the Middle East and Africa. Edited by Niels Kastfelt. London: Hurst & Company, 2003.         [ Links ]

_. "The Bible in Africa. A Novel Usage in Africa's New Churches." Bulletin of SOAS 71/2 (2008): 203-219.         [ Links ]

_. Christianity, Politics, and Public Life in Kenya. London: Hurst & Company, 2009.         [ Links ]

_. Ghana's New Christianity. Pentecostalism in a Globalizing African Economy. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2004.         [ Links ]

Gigaba, Malusi. "The Development State as a Social Construct." Umrabulo (2010). No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/show.php7doc=ancdocs/pubs/umrabulo/umrabulo32/art6.html.         [ Links ]

Gottwald, Norman K. "How Does Social Scientific Criticism Shape Our Understanding of the Bible as a Resource for Economic Ethics?" Pages 341-347 in The Hebrew Bible in its Social World and in Ours. SemeiaSt. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

_. "A Hypothesis About Social Class in Monarchic Israel in the Light of Contemporary Studies of Social Class and Social Stratification." Pages 139-164 in The Hebrew Bible in its Social World and in Ours. SemeiaSt. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

Gumede, William Mervin. Thabo Mbeki and the Battle for the Soul of the ANC. Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2007.         [ Links ]

Horsley, Richard A. Covenant Economics. A Biblical Vision of Justice for All. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009.         [ Links ]

ILO, Director General. "Decent Work." Geneva: International Labour Organization, 1999.         [ Links ]

IOL. "'Blasphemous to Compare Zuma with Jesus.'" (2008). No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.iol.co.za/general/news/newsprint.php7art_id=nw20081201174257902C720160&sf=.         [ Links ]

_. "Church Slams Zuma Remark." (2008). No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.iol.co.za/general/news/newsprint.php?art_id=nw20080506191857460C197862&sf=.         [ Links ]

Jobling, David. "'Very Limited Ideological Options.' Marxism and Biblical Studies in Postcolonial Scenes." Pages 184-201 in Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Interdisciplinary Intersections. Edited by Stephen D. Moore & Fernando F. Segovia. London: T&T Clark, 2005.         [ Links ]

Kairos. The Kairos Document. Challenge to the Church. Rev. 2nd Ed. Braamfontein: Skotaville, 1986.         [ Links ]

Kalu, Ogbu. African Pentecostalism. An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.         [ Links ]

Legassik, Martin. Towards Socialist Democracy. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2007.         [ Links ]

Mandela, Nelson. "5th Steve Biko Lecture by Former President Nelson Mandela." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/mandela/2004/nm0910.html.         [ Links ]

_______ . "Address by President Nelson Mandela to Parliament." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/mandela/1999/nm0205.htm.         [ Links ]

_______ . "Closing Address by President Nelson Mandela in the Debate on the State of the Nation Address." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/mandela/1999/nm0210.html.         [ Links ]

_______ . "Mandela Speech at a Methodist Church Service in Langa." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/mandela/1999/nm0213.html.         [ Links ]

Manning, Joseph G. & Ian Morris, eds., The Ancient Economy. Evidence and Models. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2005.         [ Links ]

Mbeki, Thabo. "4th Annual Nelson Mandela Lecture by President Thabo Mbeki. University of Witwatersrand, 29 July 2006." No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.info.gov.za/speeches/2006/06073111151005.htm.         [ Links ]

_______ . The Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture. Transcript of President Thabo Mbeki's Lecture, 29 July 2006. Nelson Mandela Foundation, 2006. DVD, SABC.         [ Links ]

_______ . "Speech at the National Anti-Corruption Summit." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/mbeki/1999/tm0414.html.         [ Links ]

Morris, Ian & Joseph G. Manning. Introduction to The Ancient Economy. Evidence and Models. Edited by Joseph G. Manning & Ian Morris. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005, 1-44.         [ Links ]

Mosala, Itumeleng J. Biblical Hermeneutics and Black Theology in South Africa. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989.         [ Links ]

Pityana, Barney & Charles Villa-Vicencio, eds., Being the Church in South Africa Today. Johannesburg: South African Council of Churches, 1995.         [ Links ]

SACP. "Special Edition." Bua Komanisi! Information Bulletin of the Central Committee of the South African Communist Party. (SACP, 2006).         [ Links ]

Sapa. "Rhema Defends Zuma Visit." Mail & Guardian Online (25 March 2009). No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://mg.co.za/article/2009-03-16-rhema-defends-zuma-visit.         [ Links ]

Saul, John S. The Next Liberation Struggle. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy in Southern Africa. Pietermartizburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2005.         [ Links ]

Seekings, Jeremy & Nicoli Nattrass. Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2006.         [ Links ]

Terreblanche, Sampie. A History of Inequality in South Africa, 1652-2002. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 2002.         [ Links ]

Tromp, Beauregard & Bonile Nqiyaza. "Crowd Raises Zuma to Status of a Deity." The Star (3 November 2008), 3.         [ Links ]

West, Gerald O. "The ANC's Deployment of Religion in Nation-Building. From Thabo Mbeki, to 'the Rdp of the Soul,' to Jacob Zuma." Pages 89-120 in Power Sharing and African Democracy. Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Edited by Cornel du Toit. Pretoria: Unisa, 2009.         [ Links ]

_. "Contending with the Bible. Biblical Interpretation as a Site of Struggle in South Africa." Pages 101-115 in The Bible into the Public Square. Reading the Signs of the Times. Edited by Cynthia B. Kittredge, Ellen B. Aitken & Jonathan A. Draper. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 2008.         [ Links ]

_ . "Jesus, Jacob Zuma, and the New Jerusalem. Religion in the Public Realm between Polokwane and the Presidency." Journal for the Study of Religion (2010 forthcoming).         [ Links ]

_. "Thabo Mbeki's Bible. The Role of Religion in the South African Public Realm after Liberation." Pages 78-106 in Religion and Spirituality in Postcolonial South Africa. Edited by Duncan Brown. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2009.         [ Links ]

Wittenberg, Gunther. Resistance Theology in the Old Testament. Collected Essays. Pietermaritzburg: Cluster Publications, 2007.         [ Links ]

Zapiro. "Hark the Herald Angels Cringe." Sunday Times (21 December 2008). http://www.zapiro.com/scripts/zapiro/hfclient.exe?a=zapiro_live&l=0o1228389029&as=find%7Cmp%7C31.70.12&f=2.         [ Links ]

_. "Right Wing Religion." Mail & Guardian (17 September 2009). No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.mg.co.za/zapiro/fullcartoon/2284.         [ Links ]

Zuma, Jacob. "Address by ANC President Jacob Zuma at Kwazulu Natal Progressive Professional Forum." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/zuma/2009/jz0324.html.         [ Links ]

_______ . "Address by ANC President Jacob Zuma at the Rhema Church Prayer Service." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/zuma/2009/jz0315.html.         [ Links ]

_. "Address by ANC President Jacob Zuma to the Easter Service of the International Pentecost Church." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/zuma/2009/jz0412.html.         [ Links ]

_______ . "Remarks by ANC President Jacob Zuma, at the Service to Thank Congregants for the ANC Election Victory, Grace Bible Church (Pimville)." ANC. No Pages. Cited 9 July 2010. Online: http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/zuma/2009/jz0524a.html.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Gerald West
Ujamaa Centre, School of Religion and Theology
University of KwaZulu-Natal
E-mail: west@ukzn.ac.za