SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.22 issue2Listen to the silent voice of the heavens and taste the sweetness of Torah: Reading Psalm 19 from a "body phenomenological" and an "embodied understanding" perspective"Brave new world" - Towards a philosophical theology of the Old Testament author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Old Testament Essays

On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
Print version ISSN 1010-9919

Old testam. essays vol.22 n.2 Pretoria  2009

 

Narrative voice and chronology in the books of Samuel

 

 

David G. Firth

University of Pretoria

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

Although the importance of chronology as a device employed within the Old Testament is widely recognised, its analysis has not employed some of the tools made available by literary theorists. This article adopts Genette's fourfold model of the relation between narrative voice and chronology to the books of Samuel, arguing that they employ all four types (subsequent, prior, simultaneous and interpolated) in a sophisticated interplay between narrative voice and chronology, with the different modes used to indicate the relative knowledge of the characters in comparison with the extradi-egetic narrator. Exegesis of Samuel therefore needs to consider the rhetorical goals made evident through such analysis.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alter, R. The Art of Biblical Narrative, New York: Basic Books, 1981.         [ Links ]

_____ The David Story: A Translation with Commentary of 1 and 2 Samuel, New York: Norton, 1999.         [ Links ]

Anderson, A. A. 2 Samuel, Word Biblical Commentary 11. Dallas: Word Books, 1989.         [ Links ]

Arnold, B. T. "The Amalekite's Report of Saul's Death: Political Intrigue or Incompatible Sources?" Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 32 (1989): 289 - 298        [ Links ]

Arnold, B. T. 1 & 2 Samuel, The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003.         [ Links ]

Baldwin, J. G. 1 and 2 Samuel: An Introduction and Commentary. Tyndale Old Testament Commentary. Leicester: IVP, 1988.         [ Links ]

Bar-Efrat, S. Narrative Art in the Bible, Sheffield: Almond Press, 1989.         [ Links ]

Bergen, R. D. 1, 2 Samuel, New American Commentary 7. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1996.         [ Links ]

Birch, B. C. "The First and Second Books of Samuel." Pages 947-1383 in The New Interpreter's Bible, Vol 2. Edited by L. E. Keck. Nashville: Abingdon, 1998.         [ Links ]

Boyle, M. O. "The Law of the Heart: The Death of a Fool (1 Samuel 25)." Journal of Biblical Literature 120 (2001): 401 - 427        [ Links ]

Brueggemann, W. "Narrative Intentionality in 1 Samuel 29." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 43 (1989): 21 - 35        [ Links ]

_____ First and Second Samuel, Interpretation. Louisville: John Knox, 1990.         [ Links ]

Budde, K. Die Bücher Samuel erklart. Tubingen: Mohr, 1902.         [ Links ]

Campbell, A. F. 1 Samuel. Forms of Old Testament Literature 7. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003.         [ Links ]

_____ 2 Samuel. Forms of Old Testament Literature 8. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.         [ Links ]

Childs, B. S. Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture. London: SCM Press, 1979.         [ Links ]

Evans, M. J. 1 and 2 Samuel. New International Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2000.         [ Links ]

Firth, D. G. "Play It Again Sam: The Poetics of Narrative Repetition in 1 Samuel 1 - 7." Tyndale Bulletin 56/2 (2005): 1 - 17.         [ Links ]

_____ "The Accession Narrative (1 Samuel 27 - 2 Samuel 1)." Tyndale Bulletin 58/1 (2007): 61 - 82        [ Links ]

Firth, D. G. 1 & 2 Samuel. Apollos Old Testament Commentary 8. Nottingham: Apollos, 2009.         [ Links ]

Fokkelman, J. P. Narrative Art and Poetry in the Books of Samuel: A Full Interpretation Based on Stylistic and Structural Analyses. Vol I. King David (II Sam. 9 - 20 & I Kings 1 - 2). Assen: Van Gorcum, 1981.         [ Links ]

_____ Narrative Art and Poetry in the Books of Samuel: A Full Interpretation Based on Stylistic and Structural Analyses. Vol II. The Crossing Fates (I Sam. 13 - 31 & II Sam. 1), Assen: Van Gorcum, 1986.         [ Links ]

_____ "Saul and David: Crossed Fates." Bible Review 5/3 (1989): 20 - 32        [ Links ]

_____ Narrative Art and Poetry in the Books of Samuel: A Full Interpretation Based on Stylistic and Structural Analyses. Vol III. Throne and City (II Sam. 2 - 8 & 21 - 24), Assen: Van Gorcum, 1990.         [ Links ]

_____ Narrative Art and Poetry in the Books of Samuel: A Full Interpretation Based on Stylistic and Structural Analyses. Vol IV. Vow and Desire (I Sam. 1 - 12), Assen: Van Gorcum, 1993.         [ Links ]

Genette, G. Narrative Discourse: An Essay on Method. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980.         [ Links ]

Gordon, R. P. I & II Samuel: A Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986.         [ Links ]

Green, B. How Are the Mighty Fallen? A Dialogical Study of King Saul in 1 Samuel. JSOTS 365. London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003.         [ Links ]

Gunn, D. G. The Story of King David: Genre and Interpretation. JSOTS 6. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1978.         [ Links ]

_____ The Fate of King Saul: An Interpretation of a Biblical Story. JSOTS 14. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1980.         [ Links ]

Gunn, D. M. & Fewell, N. D. Narrative in the Hebrew Bible. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

Hertzberg, H. W. I & II Samuel: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. London: SCM Press, 1964.         [ Links ]

Klein, R. W. 1 Samuel. Word Biblical Commentary 11. Waco: Word Books, 1983.         [ Links ]

Klement, H. H. 2 Samuel 21 - 24: Context, Structure and Meaning in the Samuel Conclusion. Bern: Peter Lang, 2000.         [ Links ]

Koorevaar, H. J. "De macrostructuur van het boek Samuël en de theologische implicaties daarvan." Acta Theologica 17 (1997): 56 - 86        [ Links ]

Long, V. P. The Reign and Rejection of King Saul: A Case for Literary and Theological Coherence. Missoula: Scholar's Press, 1989.         [ Links ]

Mauchline, J. 1 and 2 Samuel. New Century Bible. London: Marshall, Morgan and Scott, 1971.         [ Links ]

McCarter, P. K. Jr. 1 Samuel: A New Translation with Notes and Commentary. Anchor Bible 8. Garden City: Doubleday, 1980.         [ Links ]

_____ II Samuel: A New Translation with Notes and Commentary. Anchor Bible 9. Garden City: Doubleday, 1984.         [ Links ]

McKane, W. I & II Samuel: Introduction and Commentary. Torch Bible Commentary. London: SCM Press, 1963.         [ Links ]

McKenzie, S. L. King David: A Biography. New York: OUP, 2000.         [ Links ]

Miscall, P. D. 1 Samuel: A Literary Reading. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.         [ Links ]

Petersen, D. L. The Roles of Israel's Prophets. JSOTS 17. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1981.         [ Links ]

Polzin, R. David and the Deuteronomist: A Literary Interpretation of the Deuteronomic History. Part Three: 2 Samuel. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

Robinson, G. Let Us Be Like the Nations: A Commentary on the Books of 1 and 2 Samuel. International Theological Commentary. Edinburgh: The Handsel Press, 1993        [ Links ]

Simon, L. T. Identity and Identification: An Exegetical and Theological Study of 2 Sam 21 -24. Rome: Gregorian University, 2000.         [ Links ]

Smith, H. P. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Books of Samuel. International Critical Commentary. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1899.         [ Links ]

Sternberg, M. The Poetics of Biblical Narrative: Ideological Literature and the Drama of Reading. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.         [ Links ]

Stoebe, H. J. Das erste Buch Samuelis. Kommentar zum Alten Testament. Gütersloh: Gerd Mohn, 1973.         [ Links ]

Tsumura, D. T. The First Book of Samuel. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007.         [ Links ]

Van Wolde, E. "In Words and Pictures: the Sun in 2 Samuel 12:7 - 12." Biblical Interpretation 11 (2003): 259 - 278        [ Links ]

Van Zyl, A. H. 1 Samuël (2 vols). De Prediking van het Oude Testament. Nijkerk: G. F. Callenbach BV, 1988, 1989.         [ Links ]

_____ "Jy was baie na aan my hart (2 Sam 1:26)." Skrif en Kerk 19 (1998): 664 - 675        [ Links ]

Watts, J. W. Psalms and Story: Inset Hymns in Hebrew Narrative. JSOTS 139. Sheffield: JSOT, 1992.         [ Links ]

Youngblood, R. F. "1, 2 Samuel." Pages 551-1104 in The Expositor's Bible Commentary, Vol 3. Edited by F. E. Gaebelein. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
David G. Firth
Cliff College, Calver, Derbyshire, UK
E-mail: d.firth@cliffcollege.ac.uk

Prof P. J. Botha
Department of Ancient Languages
University of Pretoria
Pretoria, 0002, South Africa
E-mail: phil.botha@up.ac.za

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License