SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.22 issue1Psalm 51 and the criticism of the cult: Does this reflect a divided religious leadership?Interpretation is all we have: A feminist perspective on the objective fallacy author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Old Testament Essays

On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
Print version ISSN 1010-9919

Old testam. essays vol.22 n.1 Pretoria  2009


"From Exile to Zion" - Ethical perspectives from the twin Psalms 127 and 128



Dirk Human

University of Pretoria





In the past psalms were often read and interpreted as single texts. With the redactional-historical approach to psalm interpretation psalm texts are more regularly interpreted within the smaller collections where they are situated? The theological relationship between a single psalm and the larger collection becomes evident when such a text (or texts) is (are) read against the background of the collection's theological programme or intention. To illustrate this relationship the twin Psalms 127 and 128 are eclectically selected from the Sîrê Hama'alôt psalms (120-134) in Book V (107-150) of the Psalter. These wisdom-related-psalms are examined for their Torah ethical thinking as envisaged in Psalm 1. With the theological programme "From exile to Zion" of the Sîrê Hama'alôt collection (120-134) these twin psalms contribute to the ethical reflection of the Yahweh-faith in Book V.



“Full text available only in PDF format”




Allen, L. C. Psalms 101-150. Word Biblical Commentary. Volume 21. Waco, Texas: Word, 1983.         [ Links ]

Anderson, A. A. The Book of Psalms. Volume II. Psalms 73-150. New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972.         [ Links ]

Auffret, P. La Sagesse a bati sa Maison. Études des Structures littéraire dans l' Ancien Testament et spécialement dans les Psaumes (OBO 49). Fribourg/ Göttingen: Universitátsverlag/ Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1982.         [ Links ]

Barton, J. "The basis of ethics in the Hebrew Bible." Semeia 66(1994): 11-22.         [ Links ]

_____ Ethics and the Old Testament. London: SCM Press, 2002.         [ Links ]

Clifford, R. J. Psalms 73-150. Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2003.         [ Links ]

Crenshaw, J. L. "Wisdom Psalms?" Currents in Research 8(2000): 9-17.         [ Links ]

_____ "Gold dust or nuggets? A brief response to J. Kenneth Kuntz." Currents in Biblical Research 1/2(2003): 155-158.         [ Links ]

Davies P.. "Ethics in the Old Testament". Pages 164-173 in The Bible in Ethics. The Second Sheffield Colloquim, JSOTSup 207. Edited by J. W. Rogerson, M. Davies & M. D. Carroll. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.         [ Links ]

Deissler, A. Die Psalmen. Düsseldorf: Patmos Verlag, 1964.         [ Links ]

Duhm, B. Die Psalmen. Kurzer Handkommentar zum Alten Testament. Freiburg: Mohr (Siebeck), 1922.         [ Links ]

Eaton, J. H. Psalms: A historical and spiritual commentary with an introduction and new translation. London/ New York: T. & T. Clark, 2003.         [ Links ]

Gerstenberger, E. S. Psalms Part 2 and Lamentations. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001.         [ Links ]

Gillingham, S. "Studies of the Psalms: retrospect and prospect." The Expository Times 119/5(2008): 209-216.         [ Links ]

Goulder, M. D. The Psalms of the Return (Book V, Psalms 107-150). JSOT Supplement Series 258. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.         [ Links ]

Kim, Y. A study of Wisdom Psalms in the Old Testament. Unpublished dissertation at the North-West University, South Africa. Potchefstroom: North-West University, 2008.         [ Links ]

Knight, D. A. 1995. "Introduction: Ethics, Ancient Israel and the Hebrew Bible." Semeia 66, 1-10.         [ Links ]

Koch, K. "Der Psalter und seine Redaktionsgeschichte." Pages 243-277 in Der Psalter in Judentum und Christentum. Edited by E. Zenger. Freiburg: Herder Verlag, 1998.         [ Links ]

Körting, C. Zion in den Psalmen (FAT). Tübingen: Mohr (Siebeck), 2006.         [ Links ]

Kratz, R. G. "Die Gnade des táglichen Brots. Spáte Psalmen auf dem Weg zum Vaterunser." ZThK 89(1992): 1-40.         [ Links ]

_____ "Die Tora Davids. Psalm 1 und die doxologische Fünfteilung des Psalters." ZThK 93(1996.): 13-28.         [ Links ]

Kraus, H-J. Psalmen 60-150. Biblischer Kommentar Altes Testament XV/2. Neukirchen: Neukirchener Verlag, 1978.         [ Links ]

Kuntz, J. K. "Reclaiming biblical Wisdom Psalms. A response to Crenshaw." Currents in Research 1/2(2003): 145-154.         [ Links ]

Lange, A. "Weisheitsliteratur - Altes Testament." Pages 1366-1369 in Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. 4. Auflage. Band 8 (T-Z). Edited by H. D. Betz, D. S. Browning, B. Janowski & E. Jüngel. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2005.         [ Links ]

McFall, L. "The evidence for a logical arrangement of the Psalter." Westminster Theological Journal 62(2000): 223-256.         [ Links ]

Millard M. Die Komposition des Psalters (FAT 9). Tubingen: Mohr (Siebeck), 1994.         [ Links ]

Murphy, R. E. "A consideration of the classification 'Wisdom Psalms'." VT Supplements 9 (1963): 156-167.         [ Links ]

_____ Psalms. The Jerome Biblical Commentary. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1969.         [ Links ]

_____ The Tree of Life: An Exploration of Biblical Wisdom Literature. New York: Doubleday, 1990.         [ Links ]

Otto, E."Ethik." Pages 608-613 in Neues Bibellexikon. Band I (A-G). Edited by M. Görg & B. Lang. Zürich: Benziger Verlag, 1991.         [ Links ].

_____ "Of aims and methods in Hebrew Bible ethics." Semeia 66(1994): 161-172.         [ Links ]

_____ "Ethik - Altes Testament." Pages 1603-1606 in Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Band 2. Edited by H. D. Betz, D. S. Browning, B. Janowski & E. Jüngel. Tübingen: Mohr (Siebeck), 1999.         [ Links ]

_____ "Law and Ethics." Pages 84-97 in: Religions of the ancient world. A guide. Edited by S. I. Johnston. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 2004.         [ Links ]

_____ "Myth and Hebrew Ethics in the Psalms." Pages 26-37 in Psalms and Mythology. Edited by D. J. Human. New York: T. & T. Clark, 2007.         [ Links ]

Prinsloo, G. T. M. "The role of space in the IMAGEMAQUI (Psalms 120-134)." Biblica 86/4(2005): 457-477.         [ Links ]

Prinsloo, W. S. "Psalm 112 - Die regverdige, 'n ewebeeld van Jahwe." Pages 218-232 in Die lof van my God solank ek lewe: Verklaring van 'n aantal psalms deur W. S. Prinsloo. Edited by W. Beuken, P. J. Botha, D. J. Human. Pretoria: Medpharm Publikasies, 2000.         [ Links ]

_____ "Psalms." Pages 364-436 in Eerdmans commentary on the Bible. Edited by J. D. G. Dunn & J. W. Rogerson. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003.         [ Links ]

Sœb0, M. On the Way to Canon. Creative Tradition History in the Old Testament. JSOT Supplement Series 191. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.         [ Links ]

Schwienhorst-Schönberger, L. "Ethik." Pages 906-909 in Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche. 3. Band, 906-909, Freiburg: Herder, 2006.         [ Links ]

Seybold, K. & Zenger, E, eds. Neue Wege der Psalmenforschung. Freiburg: Herder Verlag, 1994.         [ Links ]

Seybold, K. Die Wallfahrtspsalmen. Studien zur Entstehungsgeschichte von Psalm 120-134 (BThS 3). Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1978.         [ Links ]

_____ Die Psalmen. Handbuch zum Alten Testament I/15. Tubingen: Mohr (Siebeck), 1996.         [ Links ]

Schmidt, H. Die Psalmen. Handbuch zum Alten Testament I/15. Tübingen: Mohr (Siebeck), 1934.         [ Links ]

Terrien, S. The Psalms. Strophic structure and theological commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003.         [ Links ]

Van der Ploeg, J. P. M. Psalmen deel II: Psalm 76 - 150. Roermond: J. J. Romen & Zonen-Uitgevers, 1974.         [ Links ]

Weber, B. Werkbuch Psalmen II: Die Psalmen 73 bis 150. Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 2003.         [ Links ]

_____ "Makarismus und Eulogie im Psalter. Buch und kanontheologische Erwägungen." Old Testament Essays 21/1(2008): 193-218.         [ Links ]

Weiser, A. The Psalms: A Commentary. London: SCM Press, 1962.         [ Links ]

Westermann, C. "Zur Sammlung des Psalters." Theologia Viatorum 8(1961/62): 278-284.         [ Links ]

Wilson, G. H. "Evidence of editorial divisions in the Hebrew Psalter." Westminster Theological Journal 34/3(1984): 337-352.         [ Links ]

_____ The Editing of the Hebrew Psalter (SBLDS 76). Chico: Scholars Press, 1985.         [ Links ]

_____ The shape of the book of Psalms. Interpretation 46(1992): 129-142.         [ Links ]

_____ "Shaping the Psalter. A consideration of editorial linkage in the Book of Psalms." Pages 72-82 in The Shape and Shaping of the Psalter. JSOT Supplement Series 159, edited by J. C. McCann. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993.         [ Links ]

Whybray, N. Reading the Psalms as a book. JSOT Supplement Series 222; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.         [ Links ]

Zenger, E. Ich will die Morgenröte wecken: Psalmenauslegungen. Freiburg: Herder, 1991.         [ Links ]

_____ "Komposition und Theologie des 5. Psalmenbuches." Biblische Notizen 82(1996): 97-116.         [ Links ]

_____ "Der Psalter als Buch. Beobachtungen zu seiner Entstehung und Funktion." Pages 1-58 in Der Psalter in Judentum und Christentum. Edited by E. Zenger. Freiburg: Herder Verlag, 1998.         [ Links ]

_____ "Die Bücher der Weisheit." Pages 329-334 in Einleitung in das Alte Testament. 6. Durchgesehen Auflage. Edited by Erich Zenger et al. Kohlhammer: Stuttgart, 2006.         [ Links ]



Dirk Human
Department of Old Testament Science
Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria
Pretoria, 0002, South Africa

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License