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Old Testament Essays

versión On-line ISSN 2312-3621
versión impresa ISSN 1010-9919

Old testam. essays vol.21 no.2 Pretoria  2008

 

Intertextuality in multi-layered texts of the Old Testament

 

 

James Alfred Loader

Vienna and the University of South Africa

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

This article proceeds from the tenet that the Old Testament is, in various different ways, a layered text, to argue that the interpretation of the so-called 'final' text can only be done if the intertextual influence of the various pre-texts on the final text is taken into consideration. The different levels of intertextuality between a text and its pre-stages, its alternative forms (which are often also present in the 'final ' form), and the context into which it was embedded are described. The complementarity of the synchronic and diachronic dimensions of a text and the importance of the intertextual network it forms with other texts are illustrated by two examples - that of the Succession Narrative (in which the parallels between Eli and David are shown to be hermeneutically significant), and the book of Esther (in which the parallels with Exodus are shown to be hermeneutically significant).


 

 

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Broich, U. 2000. Art. 'Intertextualitát', in Fricke, H. (ed.), Reallexikon der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft, Bd. 2: H-O, 175-179. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.         [ Links ]

Childs, B. S. 1979. Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture. London.         [ Links ]

Clines, D. J. A. 1984. The Esther Scroll. Sheffield.         [ Links ]

De Saussure, F. [1916] 1967. Grundfragen der allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft. Berlin: de Gruyter.

Gerleman, G. 1966 Studien zu Esther. Neukirchen-Vluyn. (BSt 48.         [ Links ])

_____ 1974. Esther. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag. (BKAT 21.         [ Links ])

Korpel, M. C. J. & Oesch, J. M. 2000. (ed.), Delimitation Criticism. A New Tool in Biblical Scholarship. Assen.         [ Links ]

Loader, J. A. 2005. Das Alte Testament - ein Geschichtsbuch?, in Barton, J. Exum, J. C. & Oeming, M. (eds), Das Alte Testament und die Kunst. Beitrage des Symposiums Das Alte Testament und die Kultur der Moderne" anlasslich des 100. Geburtstags Gerhard von Rads (1901-1971), Heidelberg, 18.-21. Oktober 2001. Munster.         [ Links ]

_____ 1992. Das Buch Ester. Göttingen. (ATD.         [ Links ])

Orlinsky, H. 1966. The Masoretic Text: Fact or Fiction?, in Ginsburg, C. D. (ed.), Introduction to the Massoretico-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible, New York (new edition).         [ Links ]

Rieck, G. 1999. Die Literaturwissenschaft als Schlossbürokratie. Zum 'horror concreti' in der Kafka-Interpretation, http://members.aon.at/rieck/horror.pdf        [ Links ]

Rost, L. 1926. Die Überlieferung von der Thronnachfolge Davids. Stuttgart.         [ Links ]

Schnelle, U. 2000. Einführung in die neutestamentliche Exegese. 6. neubearb. Aufl. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. (UTB 1253.)

Stocker, P. 1998. Theorie der intertextuellen Lektüre. Modelle und Fallstudien. Paderborn: Schöningh.         [ Links ]

Veijola, T. 1975. Die ewige Dynastie. Helsinki 1975        [ Links ]

Von Rad, G. [1944] 1966. Der Anfang der Geschichtsschreibung im Alten Israel, in: Von Rad, G., Gesammelte Studien zum Alten Testament, Band 1, 148-188. München. (TB 8.)

Wall, R. W. 2007. Art. 'Intra-Bilical Interpretation', in Porter, S. E. (ed.), Dictionary of Biblical Criticism and Interpretation, 167-169. London.         [ Links ]

Würthwein, E. 1974. Die Erzahlung von der Thronfolge Davids - theologische oder politische Geschichtsschreibung? Zurich. (ThSt[B] 115.); also in: Würthwein, E., 1994. Studien zum Deuteronomistischen Geschichtswerk, 29-79. Berlin /New York. (BZAW 227.)

 

 

Correspondence:
James Alfred Loader
Institut für Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft und Biblische Archäologie
Universitát Wien, Schenkenstrasse 8-10, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
E-mail: james-alired.loader@univie.ac.at

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