SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.21 issue1Psalm 16 (LXX Ps 15) and Acts of the Apostles - Part ILament, the language for our times author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Old Testament Essays

On-line version ISSN 2312-3621
Print version ISSN 1010-9919

Old testam. essays vol.21 n.1 Pretoria  2008

 

The ethical-religious precondition for miracle performance in Rashi's biblical commentary1

 

 

Dr. Lea Himmelfarb (Widawski)

Department of Bible, Bar Ilan University. Ramat-Gan, Israel, leahimm@hotmail.com

 

 


ABSTRACT

This article explores the explicit occurrence of the term 'nes ' (miracle) in Rashi's biblical commentary. Seven examples from Rashi's commentary are presented which illustrate his tendency to draw attention to the theological principle that there are preconditions for G-d's miraculous intervention. Each example is preceded by the narrative background necessary to understand it and Rashi's commentary in each case is delineated, with emphasis placed upon the philosophical principle he introduces. According to Rashi there is a link between human behaviour and G-d's salvation, both regarding salvation of the individual and of the collective, Israel. In order to merit receiving miraculous intervention, the recipient may draw upon merit accruing from one of three sources: the recipient's present-day merits, his future merits, or his forefathers' past merits.

Keywords: Miracle, Rashi, Old Testament, Biblical exegesis, Ethical-Religious aspects.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abrabanel, D. I. 1970. Perush al Nevi'im u-Ketuvim. Tel Aviv [Hebrew].         [ Links ] Avineri, Y. 1980-1985. Heikhal Rashi. Jerusalem [Hebrew].

Cohen, M. (ed.) 1992. Revised and Augmented Scientific Edition of 'Mikra'ot Gedolot' based on the Aleppo Codex and Early Medieval MSS. Ramat-Gan [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 2008. Keter CD-ROM, of the Edition of 'Mikra'ot Gedolot' . Ramat Gan [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Dunsky, Sh. (ed.) 1980. Midrash Rabbah: Song of Songs. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Epstein, J. N. and Melamed, E. Z. (eds) 1955. Mekhilta de Rabbi Simeon b. Yohai. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Friedmann (Ish-Shalom), M. (ed.) 1963. Pesikta Rabbati. Vienna 1880 (repr. Tel Aviv) [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Grossman, A. 1995. The Early Sages of France. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 2006. Rashi - R. Shlomo Yitzchaki. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

HaKohen, Sh. Y. 1986. Hamishah humeshe Torah Ari'el - Rashi ha-shalem: Genesis. Vol. 1. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 1992. Hamishah humeshe Torah Ari'el - Rashi ha-shalem: Exodus. Vol. 4. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 1998. Hamishah humeshe Torah Ari'el - Rashi ha-shalem: Exodus. Vol. 5. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Himmelfarb, L. (Forthcoming). The occurrences of the term 'nes' (miracle) in Rashi's commentary on the Bible - theological-religious aspects. In: Cohen, A. and Cohen, A. (eds), Juifs de France. Ramat Gan [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Horowitz, C. M. (ed.) 1972. Pirqe de Rabbi Eliezer. Venice 1544 (repr. Jerusalem) [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Kasher, R. 1981. The Theological Concept of the Miracle in the Bible. Doctoral Dissertation. Bar Ilan University. Ramat Gan [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_ 1993. The religious-moral stipulations of the miracle in the Bible. In: Bar Asher, M. et al. (eds), Studies in Bible and Exegesis - M. Goshen-Gottstein - in Memoriam, Vol 3, 217-229. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Licht, Y. Sh. 1968. Encyclopaedia Biblica [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Mandelbaum, B. (ed.) 1987. Pesikta de RavKahana. Vol. 1. New York [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Mirkin, M. A. (ed.) 1956. Midrash Genesis Rabbah with commentary by M. A. Mirkin. Vol. 2. Tel-Aviv [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Mor, S. 1990. Linguistic Analogies and Parallels between the Contemporary Narratives of Elijah, Elisha and other Prophets. Master's Thesis. Bar Ilan University. Ramat Gan [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Shinan, A. (ed.) 1984. Midrash Exodus Rabbah. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Silbermann, A. M. 1973. Pentateuch with Rashi's Commentary. Jerusalem [Hebrew/English].         [ Links ]

Simon, U. 1980. Elijah's war on Baal-worship: Unity and structure of the story (1 Kings 17-18). In: Simon, U. and Goshen-Gottstein, M. (eds), Studies in Bible and Exegesis - Arieh Toeg - in Memoria, Vol. 1, 51-118. Ramat Gan [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 1997. Milhemet Eliyahu be-avodat ha-ba'al - helko shel ha-navi' be-hashavat Yisrael el elohav [Elijah's war on Baal-worship: the part played by the prophet in returning Israel to its God]. In: Kriy'ah sifrutit ba-Mikra': Sippure nevi'im [Reading Prophetic Narratives], 189-272. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press [Hebrew].

The Jewish Publication Society. 1985. Tanakh: A New Translation of THE HOLY SCRIPTURES. Philadelphia.         [ Links ]

Theodor, J. and Albeck, Ch. (eds) 1965. Midrash Bereshit Rabba: Critical Edition with Notes and Commentary, 3 vols. Berlin/Jerusalem 1912-1936 (repr. with corrections in Jerusalem) [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Yaron, Sh. 1997. Miracles in the Bible and in Ancient Eastern Literature. Doctoral Dissertation. Haifa University. Haifa [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

Zahari, M. 1993a. Rashi's Sources: Midrashei Halakhah and Midrashei Aggadah in his Commentaries: Genesis. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 1993b. Rashi's Sources: Midrashei Halakhah and Midrashei Aggadah in his Commentaries: Exodus. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

_____ 1993 c. Rashi's Sources: Midrashei Halakhah and Midrashei Aggadah in his Commentaries: 1-2 Kings. Jerusalem [Hebrew].         [ Links ]

 

 

1 delivered a lecture on this topic at the eighth EAJS Congress in Moscow on July 27, 2006.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License