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South African Journal of Chemistry

versión On-line ISSN 1996-840X
versión impresa ISSN 0379-4350

S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) vol.65  Durban  2012

 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

 

Assessment of levels of V, Cr, Mn, Sr, Cd, Pb and U in bovine meat

 

 

Abayneh A. AmbusheI; Mokgadi M. HlongwaneI; Robert I. McCrindleI, *; Cheryl M.E. McCrindleII

IDepartment of Chemistry, Tshwane University of Technology, P.O. Box 56208, Arcadia, 0007, South Africa
IISchool of Health Systems and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X323, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa

 

 


ABSTRACT

Pollution of the environment with heavy metals can be a serious problem. In South Africa, particularly, there are many sources of heavy metals, often due to smelter and mining activities. This has led to toxic metals in the environment that directly affect air, water and food. The presence of heavy metal residues in foodstuffs is potentially hazardous to humans and animals. Heavy metals accumulate in certain organs, particularly in the liver and kidney. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of V Cr, Mn, Sr, Cd, Pb and U in bovine organs and tissues obtained from polluted areas of North West Province, South Africa. Bovine liver, kidney, muscle, fat and bone samples were freeze-dried, homogenized and mineralized using a microwave-assisted digestion system. The levels were quantified using dynamic reaction cell inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (DRC-ICP-MS). A bovine muscle (NIST-RM 8414) and bovine liver, reference material (NIST-RM 1577b), were also analyzed and results agreed with certified values. The study revealed accumulation of Sr in bone, Cd, Pb and U in kidney and bone, Mn in liver and, V and Cr in kidney tissues of cattle.

Keywords: Bovine meat, heavy metals, DRC-ICP-MS


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

Acknowledgements

Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) and National Research Fund (NRF) are gratefully acknowledged for financial support.

 

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Received 26 July 2011
Revized 18 May 2012
Accepted 25 June 2012

 

 

* To whom correspondence should be ddressed. E-mail: mccrindleRI@tut.ac.za

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