SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.49 issue1 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


South African Journal of Agricultural Extension

On-line version ISSN 2413-3221
Print version ISSN 0301-603X

S Afr. Jnl. Agric. Ext. vol.49 n.1 Pretoria  2021

 

COUSINS, B., 2013. Small irrigation schemes, agrarian reform and 'accumulation from above and from below' in South Africa. J. Agrar. Change, 13(1):116-139.         [ Links ]

DAVIS, K.E., 2008. Extension in Sub-Saharan Africa: Overview and assessment of past and current models, and future prospects. JIAEE., 15(3):15-28.         [ Links ]

DE LA HEY, M. & BEINART, W., 2016. Why have South African smallholders largely abandoned arable production in fields? A case study. J. South. Afr. Stud., 43(4):753-770.         [ Links ]

FENYES, T. & MEYER, N., 2003. Structure and production in South African agriculture. In The challenge of change: Agriculture, land and the South African economy. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.         [ Links ]

FISCHER, K. & HAJDU, F., 2015. Does raising maize yields lead to poverty reduction? A case study of the Massive Food Production Programme in South Africa. Land Use Policy, 46:304-313.         [ Links ]

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO),2010. Draught animal power: An overview. Available from: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/ags/publications/draugth_ap_overview.pdf        [ Links ]

GILIMANI, B.M., 2005. The economic contribution of home production for home consumption for South African agriculture. M Thesis, University of Stellenbosch.         [ Links ]

JOUBERT, B., 1995. A historical perspective on animal power use in South Africa. In Animal traction in South Africa: Empowering rural communities (pp.125-138). Gauteng: Halfway House.         [ Links ]

JOUBERT, B., 2016. Using animals to plough the fields. Farmer's weekly. Feb,23.         [ Links ]

KHAPAYI, M. & CELLIERS, P.R., 2016. Factors limiting and preventing emerging farmers to progress to commercial agricultural farming in the King William's Town area of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. S. Afr. J. Agric. Ext., 44(1):25-41.         [ Links ]

KIRSTEN, J.F. & VAN ZYL, J., 1998. Defining small-scale farmers in the South African context. Agrikon, 37(4):551-562.         [ Links ]

KUBHEKA, B.C., 2015. Impact assessment of the Siyazondla Homestead Food Production Programme in improving household food security of selected households in the Amathole District, Eastern Cape. M Thesis, University of KwaZulu Natal.         [ Links ]

LIEBENBERG, F., 2013. South African agricultural production, productivity and research performance in the 20th century. PhD Thesis, University of Pretoria.         [ Links ]

LUKHALO, T., 2017. An expenditure review of agricultural extension system in South Africa. M Thesis, University of Pretoria.         [ Links ]

MANZANA, S., 2014. An assessment of the impact of animal traction on rural household food security: A case of Damane rural community in Cofimvaba in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. M Thesis, University of Fort Hare.         [ Links ]

MCALLISTER, P.A., 2000. Maize yields in the Transkei: How productive is subsistence cultivation? Occasional Paper No. 14. PLAAS. Cape Town, South Africa.         [ Links ]

NIEUWOUDT, W.L., 2000. An economic evaluation of a crop insurance programme for small-scale commercial farmers in South Africa. Agrekon, 39(3):269-291.         [ Links ]

NGCABA, S.V., 2002. The declining agriculture in rural Transkei: The case of Mission Location Butterworth. M Thesis, Rhodes University.         [ Links ]

PERRET, S., 2000. Livelihood strategies in rural Transkei (Eastern Cape Province): How does wool production fit in? Working Paper 20/2002. University of Pretoria, South Africa.         [ Links ]

PERRET, S., CARSTENS, J., RANDELA, R. & MOYO, S., 2000. Activity systems and livelihoods in Eastern Cape Province rural areas (Transkei): Household typologies as socio-economic contribution to a Landcare Project. Working Paper 07/2000. University of Pretoria, South Africa.         [ Links ]

PIENAAR, L. & TRAUB, L., 2015. Understanding the smallholder farmer in South Africa: Towards a sustainable livelihood classification. Paper presented to The International Conference of Agricultural Economics. Rome, Italy.         [ Links ]

PIENAAR, L. & VON FINTEL, D., 2014. Hunger in the former apartheid homelands: Determinants of convergence on a century after the 1913 land act. Agrekon, 53(4):38-67.         [ Links ]

ROGAN, M. & REYNOLDS, J., 2018. Meeting food security needs in very poor households in the Eastern Cape: The role of own agricultural production. Available from: www.econ3x3.org/sites/default/files/articles/Rogan%20%26%20Reynolds%202018%20Meeting%20food%20 security%20needs%20in%20Eastern%20Cape%20FINAL.pdf        [ Links ]

SENDER, J. & JOHNSTON, D., 2004. Searching for a weapon of mass production in rural Africa: Unconvincing arguments for land reform. J. Agrar. Change, 4(1-2):142-164.         [ Links ]

SHACKLETON, S.E. & HEBINCK, P., 2018. Through the 'thick and thin' of farming on the Wild Cost South Africa. J. Rural Stud., 61:277-289.         [ Links ]

SIMALENGA, T.E. & JOUBERT, A.B.D., 1997. Developing agriculture with animal traction. Pretoria: DAFF.         [ Links ]

SIMALENGA, T.E., BELETE, N.A., MZELENI, N.A. & JONGISA, L.L., 2000. Profitability of using animal traction under smallholder farming conditions in Eastern Cape, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Agric. Ext., 29(1):1-9.         [ Links ]

STARKEY, P., JAIYESIMI-NJOBE, F. & HANEKOM, D., 1995. Animal traction in South Africa: Overview of key issues. In Animal traction in South Africa: Empowering rural communities (pp.17-30). Gauteng: Halfway House.         [ Links ]

STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA (StatsSA), 2007. Labour force survey. Available from: https://www.datafirst.uct.ac.za/dataportal/index.php/catalog/139        [ Links ]

STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA (StatsSA), 2011. Census 2011. Available from: http://www.statssa.gov.za/?page_id=3839        [ Links ]

STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA (SatsSA), 2016. Community survey. Available from: www.statssa.gov.za/publications/03-01-05/Presentation CS2016 Agricultural Households.pdf        [ Links ]

VAN AVERBEKE, W. & MOHAMMED, S.S., 2006. Smallholder farming styles and development policy in South Africa: The case of Dzindi Irrigation Scheme. Agrekon, 45(2):136-157.         [ Links ]

VINK, N. & VAN ROOYEN, J., 2009. The economic performance of agriculture in South Africa since 1994: Implications for food security. Working Paper 17. DBSA Development Planning Division, South Africa.         [ Links ]

WORTH, S.H., 2008. An assessment of the appropriateness of agricultural extension education in South Africa. PhD Thesis, University of KwaZulu-Nata        [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
S. Zantsi
Email: siphezantsi@yahoo.com

 

 

1 Animal traction is the use of animals (cattle, donkeys, horses, mules, etc.) to carry out agricultural tasks such as ploughing, planting, pulling carts that transport goods, and other relevant tasks.
2 The terms 'animal traction' and 'animal draught power' are used interchangeably in this article.
3 A garden is a piece of arable land adjacent to the homestead, while a field is arable land which is normally larger than the garden but away from the homestead.
4 Note that garden size in the sample varies with household.

^rND^sALIBER^nM.^rND^sHALL^nR.^rND^sALIBER^nM.^rND^sHART^nT.G.B.^rND^sALIBER^nM^rND^sMDODA^nL.^rND^sANDREW^nM.^rND^sFOX^nR.C.^rND^sBAIPHETHI^nM.N.^rND^sJACOBS^nP.T.^rND^sBINSWANGER-MKHIZE^nH.P.^rND^sCOETZEE^nG^rND^sCOUSINS^nB.^rND^sCOUSINS^nB.^rND^sDAVIS^nK.E.^rND^sDE LA HEY^nM.^rND^sBEINART^nW^rND^sFENYES^nT^rND^sMEYER^nN.^rND^sFISCHER^nK^rND^sHAJDU^nF.^rND^sJOUBERT^nB.^rND^sJOUBERT^nB.^rND^sKHAPAYI^nM.^rND^sCELLIERS^nP.R.^rND^sKIRSTEN^nJ.F.^rND^sVAN ZYL^nJ.^rND^sNIEUWOUDT^nW.L.^rND^sPIENAAR^nL.^rND^sTRAUB^nL.^rND^sPIENAAR^nL^rND^sVON FINTEL^nD.^rND^sSENDER^nJ.^rND^sJOHNSTON^nD.^rND^sSHACKLETON^nS.E.^rND^sHEBINCK^nP.^rND^sSIMALENGA^nT.E^rND^sBELETE^nN.A^rND^sMZELENI^nN.A.^rND^sJONGISA^nL.L.^rND^sSTARKEY^nP.^rND^sJAIYESIMI-NJOBE^nF.^rND^sHANEKOM^nD.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License