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HTS Theological Studies

versión On-line ISSN 2072-8050
versión impresa ISSN 0259-9422

Herv. teol. stud. vol.70 no.1 Pretoria ene. 2014 



The HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 70 year anniversary volume - dedicated to Johan Buitendag



Andries G. van Aarde

Department of New Testament Studies, Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria, South Africa







This anniversary volume in celebration of the 70th volume of HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies is dedicated to Prof. Dr Johan Buitendag, dean of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria at the event of his 60th birthday on 20 November 2013.

The 70th jubilee marks the publication's 29th year under the editorship of Andries van Aarde, annually appointed since 1985, by the editorial board as the editor-in-chief. HTS celebrated its 50th jubilee in 1994. Through many changes in matters of policy, the main purpose of HTS has remained the same. HTS promotes multidisciplinary, religious, and biblical aspects of studies in the international arena and publishes original research covering three main areas: Structural subjects - Systematic Theology and Church History; Foundation subjects - Old and New Testament Studies; and Applied subjects - Practical Theology and Science of Religion. The current Johan Buitendag Dedication volume includes also the first A.S. Geyser Commemoration Lecture and a number of articles which resulted from an academic symposium on the theme 'Social Cohesion'.

HTS was founded in 1943 as a result of an international endeavour involving Dutch and South African scholars, and is the oldest theological journal in South Africa. Its historical roots date back to 1942 when the Cape Town based international Dutch company, HAUM/Du Buissy Publishing House, became the first sponsor of the initiative taken by theologians of the University of Pretoria in cooperation with scholars in the Netherlands. The Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa purchased HAUM/Du Buissy and became the title owner of HTS. Today the administration of HTS is located at the University of Pretoria as part of the infrastructure of the Reformed Theological College (founded in 2000).

Up until Volume 64 in 2008, four issues were published annually. Prof. Dr J. de Zwaan (Leiden), Prof. Dr H.W. Obbink (Utrecht) and Prof. Dr B. Gemser (Groningen) from the Netherlands played an influential role in the first editorial board together with the Dutch-born internationally renowned Old Testament and Semitic languages scholar, Prof. Dr A. van Selms. During the first four years of HTS's existence (19431947/1948), academics from the University of Pretoria who served on the editorial board, together with Professor Van Selms and the above-mentioned Dutch scholars, were Professors J.H.J.A. Greyvenstein (New Testament Studies and Practical Theology), S.P. Engelbrecht (Church History) and A.S. Geyser (New Testament Studies). At the beginning of 2009, commencing with Volume 65 of HTS, the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa entered into a publishing agreement with African Online Scientific Information Systems (Pty) Ltd (AOSIS). This company provides various services, including but not limited to the provision of scholarly publication services through its scholarly publishing division known as 'AOSIS OpenJournals'.

HTS is archived in major bibliographic databases such as: GALE, CENGAGE Learning; ProQuest; Google Scholar; SciELO SA (Academy of Science for South Africa); Elsevier Scopus; Directory of Open Access Journals; EBSCO Host; Thomson Reuters ISI (Arts and Humanities) Citation Index; SA ePublications, Sabinet; African Journals Online; ATLA Religion Database (American Theological Library Association); Bibliographical Information Bank in Patristics (Université Laval, Québec, Canada); Elenchus of Biblical Bibliography (Editrice Pontificio Institutio Biblico, Rome, Italy); International Bibliography of Periodical Literature [IBZ] (Osnabrück, Germany); International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature (Osnabrück, Germany); New Testament Abstracts (Boston College School of Theology and Ministry, Chestnut Hill MA, United States of America); Old Testament Abstracts (Catholic University of America, Washington DC, United States of America); Religious and Theological Abstracts (Cambridge MA, United States of America); UPSpace (University of Pretoria, South Africa); and AOSIS OpenJournals Harvester. In the Netherlands HTS is accredited as an AA journal. On account of ISI Citation Percentage,HTS is ranked in the World Wide Web of Science amongst the five top South African journals (all disciplines included).

With its 70 year anniversary volumeHTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies pays tribute to Prof. Dr Johan Buitendag, a valued member and former chairperson of the editorial board and currently dean of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria. The Johan Buitendag Dedication volume celebrates Professor Buitendag's 60th birthday on 20 November 2013. In the article 'Theology as understanding reality thinking differently, acting differently: Notes about the theology of Johan Buitendag',1 written by the editor and one of his former students, Dr Tanya van Wyk, this tribute is further substantiated by reflecting on this eminent theologian's academic oeuvre.

Prof. Dr Andries G. van Aarde

Editor-in-chief: HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies



Andries van Aarde
Private Bag X20
Hatfield, 0028, Pretoria
South Africa



1 .The article is written in Afrikaans and published in the current volume (HTS 70, Issue 1, 2014).



Appendix 1

Curriculum Vitae Johan Buitendag

Johan Buitendag, born 20 November 1953, is appointed as dean of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria in 2010. He is an ordained minister of the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa. He studied during 19841985 in Erlangen (Germany) for his doctoral degree and attained his DD in Systematic Theology from the University of Pretoria in 1985. In 1995 he obtained a MCom in Business Management from the Rand Afrikaans University (today the University of Johannesburg). In 2001 he is appointed as professor in Systematic Theology at the University of Pretoria and served as head of department from 2004 to 2010. He was elected as moderator of the Netherdutch Reformed Church of Africa for the term 20042007. He is a member of the South African Academy for Science and Art, as well as a member of the American Academy of Religion (AAR), the International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), the European Society for the Study of Science and Theology (ESSSAT), the Ian Ramsey Centre for the Interdisciplinary Study of Religious Beliefs in Relation to the Sciences and Medicine (annually at Oxford University, United Kingdom), and the Dogmatological Society of South Africa.


Personal data

  • Born 20 November 1953 in Vanderbijlpark, South Africa
  • Spouse Engela Hoenderdos. Passed away 07 July 2014
  • Three sons, Adriaan, Nico and Johan

Formal education

1. University of Pretoria

  • Baccalareus Artium: Greek, Hebrew and Philosophy (1975)
  • Baccalareus Divinitatis: Theology (1978)
  • Doctor Divinitatis: Systematic Theology, 'Skepping en Ekologie: 'n Sistematiese ondersoek na die teologiese verstaan of the werklikheid' (1985)

2. Rand Afrikaans University (University of Johannesburg)

  • Magister Commercii: Business Management, 'Die "Derde Golf" Bestuur' (1995)

Lecturer and Professor

  • 19821983: Part time lecturer, University of South Africa (UNISA)
  • 19891999: Part time lecturer, University of Pretoria
  • 20012004: Associate professor, Department Dogmatics and Christian Ethics, Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria
  • 2005: Full professor, Department Dogmatics and Christian Ethics, Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria
  • 20082010: Chairperson, Department Dogmatics and Christian Ethics, Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria
  • 20042010: Vice-dean of the Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria
  • 2010: Dean of the Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria

Guest lectures

  • University of Utrecht (2001, 2006)
  • University of Erlangen (2001, 2007)
  • University of California (Berkeley) (GTU) (2002)
  • Protestantse Theologische Universiteit, Nederland (2007, 2011, 2012, 2013)
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2009, 2012, 2013)
  • Protestant University of Cameroon (2010)
  • Stellenbosch University (2010, 2011, 2012, 2013)
  • University of the Free State (2011, 2012, 2013)
  • Copper Belt University, Kitwe (2011)
  • University of Edinburgh (2011)
  • Fordham University, New York City (2011)

Minister of Religion

  • Minister of the Netherdutch Reformed Church (NRCA), Parkrand (19791983), Randburg (19851989) and Stellenbosch (campus chaplain) (19942000)
  • Moderator of the Commission of the General Synod of the NRCA Member during 20012007 and chairperson 20042007
  • Serves on the NRCA's Committee for Liturgy and Confession from 20012007
  • Serves on the NRCA's Council of Finances during 19972001
  • Head of Religion at the South African Broadcast Corporation during 19891994
  • Western Cape Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC), as member (19942000) and as chair (19992000)
  • Member of the Reformed Churches of South Africa's ecumenical committee for international cooperation. Acted as guest speaker at the General Synod of the Reformed Church of Australia in June 2004.

International scholarly societies, committees and teaching associations


  • International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI)
  • European Society for the Study of Science and Theology (ESSSAT)
  • Ian Ramsey Centre for the interdisciplinary study of religious beliefs in relation to the sciences and medicine, annually at Oxford University, United Kingdom
  • American Academy of Religion (AAR)

Scholarly Participation

  • National Religious Broadcasting (NRB), Washington 1993
  • Ecology and Theology, UNISA 1987
  • International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), Stellenbosch 1998
  • International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), Princeton 2001
  • Centre for Theology & Natural Sciences (CTNS), Kansas City 2002
  • European Society for the Study of Science and Theology (ESSSAT), Barcelona 2004.
  • Ian Ramsey Centre, Oxford 2005
  • International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), Korea 2006
  • LEST (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) 2007
  • International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), France, 2009
  • Ian Ramsey Centre, Oxford, 2009, 2010, 2011
  • Chair: Editorial Board of HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies (20042010)
  • Member of Editorial Board, Radboud Theological Journal of Theology (2011)
  • International Evaluation Panel (Dogmatics), PThU, 2012

National scholarly societies, committees and teaching associations


  • Theological Society of South Africa (TSSA)
  • South African Academy for Science and Art
  • Society for the Study of Theology (SST)

Academic Administrative Participation

  • Chair: Editorial Board of HTS Teologiese Studies/HTS Theological Studies (20042010)
  • International Evaluation Panel (Dogmatics), UFS, 2013

Academic papers: Conference addresses, lectures and presentations

  • Academic paper delivered at the XIV ESSSAT Conference, 'In Search for an Eco-Theological Definition of Human Life', Tartu, April 2012
  • Academic paper delivered at the retirement of Prof. L.J. van den Brom, 'Van den Brom's concept of relationality as a prerequisite towards a revisited natural theology', PThU Kampen, September 2011
  • Academic paper, 'John Polkinghorne's understanding of Trinitarian Theology as a heuristic tool for interpreting reality', Ian Ramsey Centre, Oxford Universiteit, July 2010
  • Academic paper delivered at Inaugural address, 'From a Natural Theology to a Theology of Nature', University of Pretoria, June 2009
  • Academic paper, 'An evolutionary epistemology', Ian Ramsey Centre, Oxford University, June 2009
  • Academic paper, 'The "descent into hell" of Christ', International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), in Aix-en-Provence, July 2009
  • Academic paper, 'The church's corporate identity', International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI), Seoul, July 2005
  • Academic paper, 'Analogia Fidei revisited from a postmodern perspective', European Society for the Study of Science and Theology (ESSSAT), Barcelona, April 2004
  • Conference presentation, 'Christenvroue in 'n postmoderne samelewing. Oftewel: Die aroma van Christenskap in hierdie wêreld!', 43rd National Conference of the Netherdutch Reformed Sister Society, April 2002, published in HTS Theological Studies/ Teologiese Studies 58(3)


Chapters in books

  • 2013, 'John Calvin's understanding of Christ's descent into hell', in H. van den Beld (ed.), Restoration through redemption: John Calvin revisited, pp. 135158, Brill, Leiden.
  • 2012, 'Johan Buitendag in gesprek met Frits Gaum', in F. Claassen & F. Gaum (reds.), God? Gesprekke oor die oorsprong en uiteinde van alles, bl. 328347, Tafelberg, Kaapstad.
  • 2012, 'Epistemology, ontology and reciprocity: Strangers and pilgrims on earth', in E. van der Borght & P. van Geest (eds.), Studies in Reformed Theology, vol. 22, pp. 779795, Brill, Leiden.
  • 2011, 'Van den Brom's concept of relationality as a prerequisite towards a revisited natural theology: A personal encounter', in T. Boer, H. Maat, A. Meesters & J. Muis (reds.), Van God gesproken: Over religieuze taal en relationele theologie, pp. 159174, Uitgeverij Boekencentrum.
  • 2009, 'Triniteit en triangulasie: Op soek na 'n kosmiese liturgie', in F.G. Immink & C.J.A. Vos (reds.), God in een kantelende wereld, bl. 220230, Protea Boekhuis, Pretoria.
  • 2008, 'The church's corporate culture and identity', in Studies in Reformed Theology, vol. 16, pp. 213224, Brill, Leiden.
  • 2008, 'Genes are us - of juis nie? Slagoffer of eie keuse?', in D.J. Human & C.J.A. Vos (reds.), Liefde is die grootste: Oor erotiek en seksualiteit, bl. 417434, Protea Boekhuis, Pretoria.
  • 2008, 'Different lemmata (X30)', in Die Christelike kernensiklopedie, bl. 83, 86, 9091, 126, 133134, 231, 269, 287, 304, 365366, 391, 392, 548, 607, 659, 684, 749750, 898, CUM, Vereeniging.
  • 2001, 'Die kerk', in P. Meiring (red.), So glo ons, bl. 91108, CUM, Vereeniging.
  • 1999, 'Wat is die mens!', in D.J.C. van Wyk (red.), 20ste eeuse Hervormde teologie, bl. 32237, KITAL, Pretoria.
  • 1992 (mede-outeur P.J. van der Merwe), Die New Age beweging, CUM, Vereeniging.
  • 1991, 'Teologie en ekologie', in J. Muller & C.J.A. Vos (reds.), Mens en omgewing, bl. 18, Orion, Kaapstad.


  • 2014, 'Panenteïsme as 'n funksionele, induktiewe konstruk in die gesprek tussen die teologie en die (natuur)wetenskap', Verbum et Ecclesia 35(2), Art. #879, 11 pages.
  • 2013, 'Gaan na die mier, kyk na sy weë en word wys: Metafoor of paradigma?', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 69(1), Art. #1976, 9 pages.
  • 2012, 'Die noodsaaklikheid van habitat in ons definisie van menswees: Op soek na 'n eko-teologiese verstaan van menslike lewe', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(1), Art. #1283, 8 pages.
  • 2012, 'A conversational reflection on Luco van den Brom's understanding of time and space', Kerk en Theologie 64, 136146.
  • 2012, 'Is die Ortodoksie se verstaan of the sondeval belemmerend vir die gesprek tussen teologie en natuurwetenskap?', In Luce Verbi 46(1), Art. #41, 10 pages.
  • 2011, 'Epistemology models ontology', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 67(1), Art. #897, 9 pages.
  • 2010, 'A critical assessment of Anton Szandor LaVey's philosophy of indulgence as a dogma based assault on Scripture', Verbum et Ecclesia 31(1), Art. #428, 7 pages.
  • 2010, (co-author Van Wyk, T.), 'Die eenheid of the kerk in gedrang', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #908, 9 pages.
  • 2010, (co-author Hoffmann, S.), ''n Ekoteologiese besinning oor die Christelik-etiese implikasies van stamselnavorsing en -terapie', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #333, 10 pages.
  • 2010, (co-author Muwowo, S.), 'A scriptural, theological and historical analysis of the concept of the Zambian Christian nationhood', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #327, 9 pages.
  • 2010 (co-author Van Wyk, T.), 'Die dimensies "eenheid" en "katolisiteit" in die ekklesiologie of the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk sedert Ottawa 1982', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 64(3), 14471473.
  • 2009, 'Descendit ad [in] inferna: "a matter of no small moment in bringing about redemption"', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 65(1), Art. #273, 8 pages.
  • 2009, 'Nature as creation from an eco-hermeneutical perspective: from a "natural theology" to a "theology of nature"', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 65(1) (2009), Art. #272, 10 pages.
  • 2009, '"Genes Я Us" - of juis nie? Oor determinisme en voluntarisme by die mens met verwysing na homoseksualiteit', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 60(1/2), 6181.
  • 2009, 'The journey of HTS Theological Studies', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 65(1), Art. #316, 2 pages.
  • 2009, (co-author Thomas, K.R.), 'The temptation of Realpolitik and vox populi in the ecclesiology of the Emerging Apostolic Churches with special reference to the fivefold ministry', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 64(3), 15271551.
  • 2009 (co-author Groenewald, A.J.), 'Who is the "God" Nietzsche denied?', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 61(1/2), 143163., '"God met ons": Gelowig nagedink oor die Skrif', HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies 64(3), 11311154.
  • 2008, 'Binne of buite die blokkie? 'n Poging om iets oor tyd en ewigheid te sê', Verbum et Ecclesia 29(2), 320344, (Conrad Wethmar Festschrift).
  • 2008, 'Ecclesia reformata semper reformanda' - die ongemaklike eis', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 64(1), 123138.
  • 2008, 'Marriage in the theology of Martin Luther - worldly yet sacred: An option between secularism and clericalism', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 63(2), 445461.
  • 2006 (co-author Groenewald, A.J.), 'Is strukturele eenheid tussen die MRCC en die NHK moontlik?, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 62(4), 13951422.
  • 2006, 'Coming in from outside: A crucial event in the history of ecumenism of the NHK', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 62(3), 787817.
  • 2006, '"Nuwe wyn in nuwe sakke en die behoud van altwee": 'n Herbedinking of the Hervormde Kerk se identiteit aan die begin of the 21e eeu in South Africa', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 62(2), 343362.
  • 2005, 'The human genome project (HGP) as a case study in the debate about the relationship between theology and natural science', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 61(3), 753769.
  • 2005, 'Liturgie as fontein of the lewe: 'n Oorsigartikel oor die kosmiese kartering van Gordon W. Lathrop se boek, "Holy ground: A liturgical cosmology"', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 61(1/2), 6579.
  • 2004, 'Anders dink anders doen: Op soek na 'n eko-teologiese perspektief op kloning', Verbum et Ecclesia 25(2), 402422.
  • 2004, 'Günter Altner se jukstaponering of the denksisteme van Schweitzer en Darwin as resiproke korreksies', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 60(3), 865881.
  • 2003, 'Die wêreld as gelykenis: 'n Trajek om die middelterm of the teologie te vind', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 59(4), 10631080.
  • 2003, 'Karl Heim se verstaan van "tyd" in die debat tussen teologie en natuurwetenskap', Verbum et Ecclesia 24(1), 1528.
  • 2003, 'Die kerk se korporatiewe identiteit', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 59(2), 353365.
  • 2002, 'Die belydenis of the kerk', Acta Theologica 3, 1734.
  • 2002, 'Die dans of the Christen: Die genealogie van tyd en ruimte in 'n postmoderne samelewing', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 58(3), 940955.
  • 2002, 'Karl Heim se verstaan van 'ruimte' in die debat tussen teologie en natuurwetenskap', Verbum et Ecclesia 23(2), 291304.
  • 2002, 'Postliberale teologie as teologiese raamwerk vir die kerk se korporatiewe identiteit', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 58(1), 125.
  • 2000, 'Nagmaal aan gelowiges - ouderdom maak nie saak nie: En alkohol?', Skrif & Kerk 21, 1932.
  • 1994, 'Aanbid die godsdienste dieselfde God?', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 50(3), 481492.
  • 1990, 'Paradigmas van Kerk en Wêreld 2000', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 46(4), 690707.
  • 1988, 'En nou die Skepper, skepsel en skepping - hierdie drie: 'n Teologiese profiel of the ekologiese debat', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 44(2), 295313.
  • 1986, 'Skepping as gelykenis: 'n Beoordeling of the skeppingsleer van Karl Barth in die lig of the appèl of the ekologiese krisis', HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 42(4), 674695.

Popular scientific articles

  • Articles in Die Kerkbode:

    'Vierkantige pen in ronde gat - die kerk' (2003)

    'Geloofsverklaring 2000: Participating theologian for a new confession' (1999)

  • Articles in Die Hervormer:

    'God se liefde - Jesus is gekruisig', 74(10) (1983)

    'Wonder van God se liefde', 74(11) (1983)

    'Deur sy dood die oorwinnaar', 74(12) (1983)

    'Opstanding wys vir ons die ware weg', 75(1) (1984)

    'Jesus oorbrug kloof tussen God en mens', 75(2) (1984)

    'Opstanding is reeds vandag', 75(3) (1984)

    'Karl Barth', 78(2) (1986)

    'HTV Kongres', 78(7) (1986)

    'Ekologiese skeppingsverstaan', 78(11) (1987)

    'God se wil by die keuse van ʼn huweliksmaat', 79(2) (1987)

    'Ekologiese krisis: 'n Saak van lewe en dood', 80(5) (1988)

    'Maak 'n ontdekkingsreis na die ekologiese kontoere of the eerste skeppingsverhaal', 80(5) (1988)

    'Ekologie en teologie', 80(6) (1988)

    'Ekologiese krisis: ʼn Saak van lewe en dood', 80(6) (1988)

    'Christus se wederkoms', 80(11) (1989)

    'Prof Alasdair Heron', 85(10) (1992)

    'Parlementariërs by gebedsgeleentheid', 87(23) (1995)

    'Kersfees: Fees van Christus of fees van kerse?' 88(18) (1995)

    'Ons kerkblaaie', 89(14) (1996)

    'Opleiding en vorming van predikante', 97(8) (2008)

    'Hervormde Kerk en VIGS', 98(3) (2005)

    'Terwille van nuwe denke', 99(5) (2006)

    'God self hou sy woord in stand', 99(22) (2007)

    'Evolusionêre verstaan', 102(5) (2009)

  • Articles in Konteks

    'New Age', 1(6) (1990)

    'Ons heer en meesterskap van God se skepping', 6(10) (1995)

    'Algemene Kerkvergadering', 15(11) (2004)

    'Gesprek', 16(10) (2005)

    'Gawe en opgawe van kerkwees', 17(1/2) (2006)

    'NHK as volk van God', 18(9) (2007)

Memoranda written for the Commission of the Netherdutch Reformed Church:

  • 2013, 'Doop'
  • 2010, 'Imago Dei'
  • 2007, 'Die volkskerk'
  • 2006, 'Die Identiteit en die relevansie of the Kerk in die 21ste eeu'
  • 2004, 'Homoseksualiteit'
  • 2003, 'Dankdag vir die oes'.
  • 2000, 'Die kindernagmaal'
  • 1999, 'Die Belhar-Belydenis'
  • 1995, 'Druiwesap met Nagmaal?'
  • 1992, 'Die etos of the NHKA'

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