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South African Journal of Surgery

On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
Print version ISSN 0038-2361

S. Afr. j. surg. vol.50 n.3 Cape Town Aug. 2012




Oesophageal pouches and diverticula: A pictorial review



N KhanI; F IsmailII; I E A van de WerkeIII

IFCRad (D); Department of Radiology, Kalafong Hospital and University of Pretoria
IIFCRad (D), MMed Rad (D); Department of Radiology, Kalafong Hospital and University of Pretoria
IIIFRCR; Department of Radiology, Kalafong Hospital and University of Pretoria




Diverticula of the oesophagus are rare. They can occur at any level, and are often defined by their anatomical location. Three categories are recognised, namely pharyngo-oesophageal, parabronchial and epiphrenic. Although these diverticula are often asymptomatic, patients can develop significant problems with dysphagia, regurgitation and aspiration. The causation of oesophageal diverticula is controversial; however, the popular current belief is that most occur because of oesophageal dysmotility. This paper demonstrates the categories of oesophageal diverticula pictorially, including the radiological features and underlying pathology.


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