On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
S. Afr. j. surg. vol.50 n.2 Cape Town May. 2012
Kaan Sonmez; Zafer Turkyilmaz; Billur Demirogullari; Ramazan Karabulut; Nuri Kale; A. Can Basaklar
M.D.; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gazi University Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey
AIM: The aim of this study was to present our experience in patients with intussusception (IN).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and five cases of IN treated between 1991 and 2007 were analysed. Age, gender, symptoms, signs, diagnostic and treatment methods, types of IN including leading point, and postoperative complications were evaluated.
RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 2.5 years (range 1 month - 15 years). Fifty-nine per cent (62/105) were under 1 year of age, and of these 28% were receiving therapy for upper respiratory tract infection. The most common symptom was colicky abdominal pain. Rectal bleeding was present in all patients under 2 years of age. In 23 children (21.9%) leading points were detected. Thirty per cent of the patients were older than 4 years, and 76.6% of these had leading points. Ultrasonography demonstrated the invaginated segment in 93 patients. Hydrostatic reduction was attempted in 71.4% (75) of the patients and was successful in 48% (36), 70% of whom were under 1 year of age. Of the patients with unsuccessful hydrostatic reduction, 11 required intestinal resection and primary anastomosis and 35 manual reduction. Twenty-four patients were diagnosed by means of ultrasonography and were operated on immediately. Ten of these patients had signs of peritonitis on admission and were treated by resection-primary anastomosis.
CONCLUSION: In patients with IN under 2 years of age, hydrostatic or pneumatic reduction may be successful. Considering the high incidence of leading points in older children, one should not persist with reduction but should rather design a treatment plan accordingly, i.e. laparotomy with manual reduction or resection.
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