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South African Journal of Surgery

versión On-line ISSN 2078-5151

S. Afr. j. surg. vol.48 no.4 Cape Town nov. 2010

 

MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

 

Prospective audit of mandibular fractures at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital

 

 

J. DesaiI; J. F. LownieII; P. Cleaton-JonesIII

IB.D.S., M.Dent. (m.F.O.S.), F.C.M.F.O.S. (s.A.); Division of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
IIM.Dent. (m.F.O.S.), Ph.D., F.C.M.F.O.S. (s.A.) (deceased); Division of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
IIIM.B. B.Ch., D.Sc. (dent.), F.C.D. (s.A.); Division of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, and Division of Experimental Odontology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

 

 


ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was a prospective cross-sectional clinical audit of patients with mandibular fractures at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital.
Methods. Between 1 March and 31 August 2004, patients with mandibular fractures seen by one clinician had their details recorded.
RESULTS: The female:male ratio of the study sample of 133 patients was 1:6. Seventy-seven per cent were aged 20 - 39 years. Most fractures (86%) were the result of interpersonal violence, and 65% were alcohol-associated. Open reduction (75%) was the most common treatment.
CONCLUSION: This study had the highest interpersonal violence and open reduction rates of all the studies reviewed.


 

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