On-line version ISSN 2078-5151
Print version ISSN 0038-2361
S. Afr. j. surg. vol.48 n.2 Cape Town May. 2010
L. Green-ThompsonI; P. McinerneyII; M. VellerIII
IM.B. B.CH., FC.A. (S.A.); Centre for Health Science Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
IIPH.D.; Centre for Health Science Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
IIIM.B. B.CH., F.C.S. (S.A.), M.MED. (SURG.); Department of Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand
BACKGROUND: Bedside teaching is the core teaching strategy in the clinical study years of the medical undergraduate degree at the University of the Witwatersrand. The quality of this teaching strategy has not been formally evaluated by students as other teaching strategies have been.
METHOD: A quantitative, descriptive study was undertaken in the final year of study of the graduate entry medical programme (GEMP). The sample comprised medical students who were completing their surgical block during September and November 2008. There were approximately 30 students in each of these 2 blocks. A bedside teaching evaluation questionnaire was developed, based on previously validated peer review questionnaires used in evaluating small group formal classroom-based lectures. The purpose of the study was to determine the reliability of the instrument for evaluating bedside teaching.
RESULTS: A sample of 112 evaluations was obtained and the constructs and sub-constructs were subjected to an analysis using Cronbach's alpha.
CONCLUSION: The overall Cronbach's alpha was 0.9627, demonstrating that the instrument is reliable and can be used to evaluate bedside teaching.
“Full text available only in PDF format”
1. Ramani S, Orlander JD, Strunin L, Barber TW. Whither bedside teaching? A focus group study of clinical teachers. Acad Med 2003; 78: 384-390. [ Links ]
2. Aldeen AZ, Gisondi MA. Bedside teaching in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 2006; 13: 860-866. [ Links ]
3. El-Bagir M, Ahmed K. What is happening to bedside clinical teaching? Med Educ 2002; 36: 1185-1188. [ Links ]
4. Nair BR, Coughlan JL, Hensley MJ. Student and patient perspectives on bedside teaching. Med Educ 1997; 31: 341-346. [ Links ]
5. Ramani S. Twelve tips to improve bedside teaching. Med Teach 2003; 25(2):112-115. [ Links ]
6. Kroenke K, Omori DM. Bedside teaching. South Med J 1997; 90(11):1069-1075. [ Links ]
7. Parsell G, Bligh J. Recent perspective on clinical teaching. Med Educ 2001;35: 409-414. [ Links ]
8. Sutkin G, Wagner E, Harris I, Schiffer R. What makes a good clinical teacher in medicine? Acad Med 2008; 83(5): 452-466. [ Links ]
9. Janicik RW, Fletcher KE. Teaching at the bedside: a new model. Med Teach 2003; 25(2): 127-130. [ Links ]