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South African Journal of Science

Print version ISSN 0038-2353

S. Afr. j. sci. vol.104 no.9-10 Pretoria Sept./Oct. 2008

 

SPECIAL ARTICLE

 

Gough Island 500 years after its discovery: a bibliography of scientific and popular literature 1505 to 2005

 

 

Christine Hänel

P.O. Box 829, Stellenbosch 7599, South Africa. E-mail: chrishanel@yahoo.com

 

 


ABSTRACT

This article provides a comprehensive listing of information concerning Gough Island in the South Atlantic. It covers 500 years since the island's discovery in 1505, embracing works in the public domain. References are grouped by seven categories: scientific, popular, legal, miscellaneous, maps, visual material, and newspaper articles. An index is provided to facilitate searches by topic and author. An overview of the island, its status and relevance in terms of knowledge gained from research is also provided, together with a synthesis of information production and events that correlate with this over the half-millennium covered. South Africa's role in running a meteorological station on Gough for more than half a century is highlighted through contributions it has made on a global scale. These include commemorating the Weather Bureau's participation in the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 50 years ago and the support role that the operations of the Weather Service, in conjunction with the directorate Antarctica and Islands of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism has provided, and continues to provide, to scientists and visitors from all over the globe. Supplementary material online at www.sajs.co.za additionally provides a pictorial essay that portrays Gough and events at the island. Included are rare historical and more recent images that give insight into the nature of the island and operations there—in particular, weather-related phenomena and the meteorological station, as well as spectacular views of Gough, whose fragile, harsh, yet beautiful setting have earned it World Heritage Site status.


 

 

Gough Island: a synopsis

Discovery

The discovery of Gough Island is still shrouded in uncertainty. The most likely and accepted date points to July 1505, when the vessel of a Portuguese fleet sailing from Tagus (Portugal) to Sofala (East Africa) was driven down to 45° South in the Atlantic Ocean. It is suspected that it was on this occasion that the island was discovered and named after Gonçalo Alvarez, the captain of the stray ship, as variations of that name subsequently appeared on charts depicting the island in approximately the correct position.

The island retained the name Gonçalo Alvarez until well into the twentieth century, despite having acquired a second name after it was re-sighted in 1732 by Charles Gough. Gough was the captain of the British East India Company's vessel Richmond, that was on a voyage from England to China. From the vessel's log it is evident that Gough was aware of the island's existence but that it was called Gonçalo de Alvarez. However, as a consequence of having estimated the position of the island to be nearly 8°, or 500 nautical miles, east of its true position, Gough's island was for a long time afterwards taken to be different from that of Gonçalo Alvarez. The two islands were later recognized to be one and the same, but it is the name Gough that for some unknown reason remains to this day.

Position and status

Gough Island is positioned at 40° 18'S and 9° 56'W in the central South Atlantic (Fig. 1). Lying some 350 km south-southeast of Tristan da Cunha, Gough has been considered to be a part of the Tristan territory and as such to fall under British protection ever since Tristan da Cunha was declared a Crown possession in 1816. It was not until 29 March 1938 that Gough was formally annexed and declared British territory. To this day, Gough Island forms part of the Tristan Archipelago, which in turn is now classed as an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, forming, with St Helena and Ascension, part of a single territorial grouping under the Crown. The jurisdiction of Gough falls under the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha, who represents the governor (resident at St Helena), and is advised by the Tristan Island council.

 

 

The spectacular nature of Gough and abundance of seabirds it supports, are among the features that contributed to the island being declared a nature reserve under the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Ordinance of 1976. In 1985, it gained further Scientific/Strict Nature Reserve Status under IUCN Category 1 and in 1995 it was declared a World Heritage Site.

Gough Island measures approximately 13 km in length and 5 km in breadth, with an area of roughly 65 km2. Its highest point, Edinburgh Peak, reaches 910 m. Volcanic in origin, the island is rugged with precipitous cliffs along many parts of the shoreline, which restrict landing and access to the interior. Exposed to the tempestuous elements of the Southern Ocean, the island commonly experiences heavy rainfall (approximately 3100 mm annually), high wind-speeds and huge swells. In addition, mist often appears from nowhere, blotting out the island and its features, thereby adding to the dangers that persons can and have been faced with while navigating around it.

Gough's inhospitable nature and isolation have been cited as likely reasons why no permanent human settlement was ever established there before legislation was enacted to restrict it. Nevertheless, like most islands in the Southern Ocean, Gough was visited and inhabited for varying lengths of time, notably by sealers who exploited the island's animal resources during the 19th century. Since the establishment of a weather station in 1956, it has been staffed on an annual rotational basis.

Value to science

Meteorology and South Africa's fundamental role

The value of Gough's position for collecting meteorological data has been recognized since the mid-1900s, in particular by South Africa and seafarers navigating the Cape sea route, who are dependent on observations from areas to the west of the country for accurate weather forecasts. Attempts to collect data from Tristan da Cunha had been made in the early 1940s, but the island's topography proved unfavourable. In 1947, the South African government investigated other options and commissioned an expert, Professor A.F. Spilhaus, to look into the matter. In his report, Spilhaus recommended the establishment of a weather station on Gough. By 1950, however, plans to establish one had been postponed due to difficulties in recruiting staff for South Africa's Marion Island. As an interim measure, weather reports from ships increasingly crossing the Atlantic from South America were used. Then in December 1953, the opportunity arose to test the value of synoptic reports from Gough when a Cape Town-based company began fishing operations in the area. For four months regular weather data were transmitted from the vessel Voorbok, which provided the evidence that Gough was a suitable location for a meteorological station. Two years later, the prospect of setting up a pilot meteorological station on the island availed itself through the Gough Island Scientific Survey (GISS), a U.K.-organized research expedition that was to be based at Gough between November 1955 and May 1956. Supporting the prospect of manning a permanent weather station, the South African Weather Bureau (SAWB; now the South African Weather Service) supplied all the instruments and an experienced meteorologist, J.J. van der Merwe. Through him, morning and noon synoptic reports, including upper-air observations, were radioed to Cape Town on a daily basis. The results proved so valuable that the SAWB decided to maintain the operation. With the GISS having already established a base, the agency offered to purchase the facilities from them and these were officially handed over on 13 May 1956. Van der Merwe took charge of the weather station for another year and was sworn in as the first magistrate of Gough Island. This set the foundations on which the SAWB came to maintain the meteorological station at Gough ever since. It has collected data continuously for over half a century, making it one of the most important meteorological stations in the world for matters requiring weather-related information, in particular research into global climate change.

Initially, part of the 1956 agreement to continue running the Gough weather station was for the purpose of making a contribution to one of the most ambitious scientific research schemes ever undertaken: the International Geophysical Year (IGY), that was being planned for the 18-month period between July 1957 and December 1958. With South Africa among some 46 participating countries, the SAWB was honoured by the IGY committee with the task of preparing daily weather charts for the southern hemisphere, south of 20°S. For this, information from remote outposts was vital. Thus, the SAWB included Gough as well as Tristan da Cunha and its already established weather station on Marion Island in its IGY programme. The prominent role that Gough was to play in this led the SAWB to place the island high on its IGY programme agenda by expanding the upper-air balloon component, vital for accurate forecasting. Indeed, it is this facet of weather observations that to this day necessitates the staffing of Gough's meteorological station, as it entails the release twice daily of a hydrogen-filled balloon in order to capture the atmospheric data, an activity which can easily result in failed attempts, given the powerful gusts of wind that occur there.

The individual and collective contributions made to the IGY by the South African scientific programmes received international recognition on a scale beyond the modest expectations of the meteorological sub-committee of the South African National Committee for the IGY. Since then, valuable scientific work has continued, made possible by South Africa's continuing commitment to servicing the weather station on Gough.

Biological and physical research

The establishment of the weather station and regular supply trips to Gough opened up additional project work. Coinciding with this were the scientific results that emanated from the GISS, drawing particular attention to the biological character and value of the island.

No doubt the advent of the GISS, the establishment of the meteorological station and participation in the IGY paved the way for the substantial increase in interest and information produced in the 50 years since 1955. Indeed, this period accounts for 80% of the 739 numbered items listed in the bibliography for the 500-year period—excluding information in the miscellaneous, maps, visual, and news categories.

The value of the Gough Island ecosystem as a depository of special and rare species had not escaped the scientific fraternity before 1950. Indeed, the most significant catalyst in providing and stimulating knowledge about these aspects came from the results of the 1904 Scottish National Antarctic Expedition (also known by its ship's name as the Scotia Expedition). This enterprise, which set out to study the wildlife and conduct meteorological observations in the Southern Ocean and established the first Antarctic weather station, was also the first to target Gough for purely research purposes. Despite lasting only a few days, the survey work gave rise to at least 46 publications and reports over the following 13 years it took to analyse the findings. To this day, many of those documents still form the only source of information about the less well-studied aspects of Gough and its surrounding waters. Prior to 1904, a mere 14 items of information had been documented, of which only three were scientific in nature (one about 'a new Gallinule', one concerning some bird eggs collected, and one that referred to rocks from Gough). Yet, despite the paucity of available information, the island and interest in it was far from neglected. This is evident from the many visits known to have taken place between 1505 and 1903. Most of the visits (33 of the 39 recorded for the period) occurred during the 19th century, and of the 33 that took place between 1800 and 1899, the main component (87%) were sealing voyages. Since sealers conducted their activities in notorious secrecy, and archaeological work at Gough is still largely lacking, relatively little is known about this period in the island's history. The obscure and buried remains of this fascinating era will be lost entirely if nothing is done to find and preserve them in the near future.

I dedicate this bibliography to the early pioneers who had the vision and tenacity to lay the cornerstones of information, and to build on those a solid foundation of knowledge about Gough, based on the thorough work undertaken by them and their assistant contributors: William Speirs Bruce (of the Scotia Expedition, that conducted the first purely scientific investigations at Gough, in one of the last wooden ships without radio communications); Ernest Shackleton and Frank Wild (of the Shackleton– Rowett Expedition, during which Shackleton died and Wild, a loyal backbone of many of Shackleton's expeditions, took over command, persisting in going on to conduct investigations at Gough); John Heaney (of the Gough Island Scientific Survey, the first comprehensive shore-based research expedition, which, through Heany's vision, resulted in immense contributions and led to the island being proclaimed a World Heritage Site); Marthinus Paul van Rooy (of the South African Weather Bureau, and meteorological sub-committee of the South African National Committee for the IGY), whose role in establishing and servicing the weather station at Gough and contributing with data to the success of the IGY, led to what has become a world-renowned meteorological station, on the shoulders of whose support structure a legacy of information gathering has been made possible. Van Rooy, as the director of the SAWB and chairman of the IGY sub-committee, received praise for these achievements, but always claimed that it was due to the contributions made by each participant from the different divisions and parties, whether individually or as part of a team. Recognizing the importance of every person's part was the basis on which he led the organizations, praising each member involved for his or her support role openly and in writing, such as for instance the document here listed under the heading: 'Lest we forget'.

 

About the bibliography

Technical notes

The references listed in this bibliography are all accessible in the public domain and are principally of a paper-based type (that is, originally in hard-copy form). They embrace published and unpublished works covering a broad spectrum of documented media, including maps, postage items and other visual records, as well as some fascinating and obscure items.

The references are grouped in seven main categories: 1) Scientific (papers and books; theses; grey literature [including unpublished reports and manuscripts]); 2) Popular (articles and books); 3) Legal and official (government gazettes and notices; letters; journals and logs); 4) Miscellaneous (wills and testaments; correspondence); 5) Maps and charts; 6) Visual material (photographs; films and videos; postage stamps); and 7) Newspaper articles. The citations are arranged in alphabetical order by author (for categories 1–3), and in date order (for categories 4–7). To assist in locating some of the more obscure and rarer items, the abbreviated names of holding institutions and in some cases their specific reference locations have been added to the citations. In some cases, where material lacked specific citation information (such as a title, volume or page number), it was supplemented with relevant information in brackets. To facilitate searches further, an index is provided for categories 1–3.

The decision as to what material to include or exclude was in some instances a difficult one to make, particularly in view of the relative paucity of information in certain areas. References to audio and physical material (such as radio broadcasts, and specimen collections and artefacts, respectively) are not singled out here, but information about holdings of that nature can be extracted from among the publications listed. Electronic information, specifically that of internet-based web sites, is considered to be transient and thus not included here. No novels or other fictional material have been included.

By virtue of the constraints inevitable in a work of this nature, the bibliography is not considered to be complete. However, with the extensive coverage and inclusion of the copious items that would normally fall outside of the more formally used sectors, it is hoped that this listing will serve as a useful tool for locating information related to Gough Island, and stimulate informed synthesis.

 

Facts and figures concerning the information listed

For a general overview of the amount of information contained under the various categories in this bibliography, a breakdown is provided in Table 1.

 

 

An indication of the trend in information sources over the past 500 years is provided in Fig. 2. This clearly shows that scientific expeditions have contributed significantly to knowledge about the island. The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition in 1904 was the main start, having as a direct result of these investigations been responsible for 96% of the 48 items produced between 1904 and 1916. Subsequently, some of the principal contributors included: the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition (at Gough in 1922); the Discovery Expedition (1927); the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition (1933); the Gough Island Scientific Survey (1955–56) and various programmes that subsequently participated in the South African National Antarctic Expeditions. In one case, namely the information peak of 1969, the spur was due to a non-scientific event. This was the loss of two members from the weather station, which required a massive search operation that involved a warship of the South African Navy, assisted by a British vessel, members of the Tristan da Cunha community as well as the remaining Gough-based team members. The difficult circumstances under which the search and retrieval of the dead bodies had to be conducted gave rise to one of the most publicized rescue operation ever carried out by the Navy. Not all visits produced information, however. Typically, those of an official nature or that sought to exploit the island's resources took place under relative anonymity. Of the latter, many were sealing expeditions, most of which occurred during the 1800s, although there were also some that were conducted in the 1900s. Among the commercial enterprises of the 20th century were three voyages that took place during 1919–20 in connection with prospecting for diamonds at Gough. The intriguing story behind those events, although a well-kept secret at the time, did come to light, however, in several publications that were produced between 13 and 42 years later.

 

 

 

The bibliography is available and a collection of photographs of Gough Island can be viewed online at www.sajs.co.za

 

Supplementary material to:

Hänel C. (2008). Gough Island 500 years after its discovery: a bibliography of scientific and popular literature 1505 to 2005. S. Afr. J. Sci. 104, 329–332.

THE BIBLIOGRAPHY

Scientific literature

Journals & books

1. Abbott I. (1974). Numbers of plant, insect and land bird species on nineteen remote islands in the southern hemisphere. Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6, 143–152.

2. Abbott I. (1978). The significance of morphological variation in the finch species on Gough, Inaccessible and Nightingale Islands, South Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Zoology, London 184, 119–125.

3. Abrams R.W. and Miller D.G.M. (1986). The distribution of pelagic seabirds in relation to the oceanic environment of Gough Island. South African Journal of Marine Science 4, 125–137.

4. Allen J.A. (1892). Description of a new gallinule from Gough Island. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 4, 57–58.

5. Andrew T.G., Buxton C.D. and Hecht T. (1996). Aspects of the reproductive biology of the concha wrasse, Nelabrichthys ornatus at Tristan da Cunha. Environmental Biology of Fishes 46, 139–149.

6. Andrew T.G. and Hecht T. (1992). Feeding biology of Acantholatris monodactylus (Pisces: Cheilodactylidae) at Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island, South Atlantic. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 22, 41–49.

7. Andrew T.G. and Hecht T. (1996). Age and growth of the soldier, Sebastes capensis (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) at Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Zoology 238(1), 125–135.

8. Arnaud P., Arnaud F. and Hureau J-C. (1967). Bibliographie générale de biologie antarctique et subantarctique (cétacés exceptés). Comité National Francais pour les Récherches Antarctiques 18(16), 1–180.

9. Anon. (1916). The Rocks of Gough Island, South Atlantic. The Geographical Journal 47(2), 148–149.

10. Anon. (1945). Visit to Gough Island. The Geographical Journal 105(5/6), 226.

11. Anon. (1957). Visit of the Duke of Edinburgh to the Falkland Islands Dependencies and Gough Island, 1957. Polar Record 8(56), 457–501.

12. Anon. (1970). Obituary: A.A.S. Grobler ... and J.G.S. Seyffert. Polar Record 15(95), 225.

13. Anon. (1975). Gough Island new refuge for Kerguelen fur seal. Antarctic 7, 192–193.

14. Anon. (1978). Fur seal population on Gough Island. Antarctic 8, 283–285.

15. Anon. (1989). Climatological data for South African Antarctic and sub-Antarctic stations. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 19(2), 48–49.

16. Anon. (1990). Climatological data for South African Antarctic and sub-Antarctic stations. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 20(2), 68–69.

17. Anon. (1992). Climatological data for South African Antarctic and sub-Antarctic stations for 1991; Climatological data for South African Antarctic and sub-Antarctic stations for 1992. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 22(1), 75–78.

18. Arthur D.R. (1960). A review of some ticks (Acarina: Ixodidae) of seabirds. Part II. The taxonomic problems associated with the Ixodes auritulus percavatus group of species. Parasitology 50(1–2), 199–226.

19. Baker P.E. (1973). Islands of the South Atlantic. In: Nairn A.E.M. and Stehli F.G. (eds). The Ocean Basins and Margins, Vol. 1. The South Atlantic. Plenum, New York, pp. 493–521.

20. Baker P.E., Glass I.G., Harris P.G. and Le Maitre R.W. (1964). The volcanological report of the Royal Society Expedition to Tristan da Cunha, 1962. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A256, 439–578.

21. Barnard K.H. (1965). Isopoda and Amphipoda collected by the Gough Island Scientific Survey. Annals of the South African Museum 48(9), 195–210.

22. Barnard K.H. (1966) (Posthumous). Abstract: Isopoda and Amphipoda collected by the Gough Island Scientific Survey. Annals of the South African Museum 48(9), 195–210. In Deep Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts 13(4), 195–210.

23. Barraclough D.A. (1994). Hemeromyia australis sp. n. and Meoneura prima (Becker, 1903) from Namibia and South Africa, the first Carnidae (Diptera: Schizophora) recorded from subequatorial Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 35, 15–24.

24. Barrat A. (1974). Note sur le Pétrel Gris Procellaria cinerea. Comité National Francais pour les Récherches Antarctiques 33, 19–24.

25. Barré H. (1976). Le skua Subantarctique Stercorarius skua lonnbergi (Mathews) a l'le de la Possession (Isles Crozet). Comité National Francais pour les Récherches Antarctiques 40, 77–105.

26. Barsukov V.V. (1979). Subspecies of the Atlantic blackbelly rosefish Helicolenus dactylopterus (De la Roche, 1809). Journal of Ichthyology 19(4),1–17.

27. Barth Tom F.W. (1942). Lavas of Gough Island. Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antarctic Expeditions 1927–1928 20, 1–19.

28. Bartram E.B. (1959). Contribution to the mosses of Gough Island. Revue Bryologique et Lichenologique 28, 208–210.

29. Beintema A.J. (1972). The history of the island hen (Gallinula nesiotis), the extinct flightless gallinule of Tristan da Cunha. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 92, 106–113.

30. Bennett K.D., Gribnitz K-H. and Kent L.E. (1989). Pollen analysis of a Quaternary peat sequence on Gough Island, South Atlantic. New Phytologist 113(3), 417–422.

31. Bernstein R.E. (1984). Dr Harvey Pirie: versatile man of science and pioneer explorer of sub-Antarctic regions eighty years ago. Adler Museum Bulletin 10(1), 4–10.

32. Best P.B. (1988). Right whales Eubalaena australis at Tristan da Cunha – a clue to the 'non-recovery' of depleted stocks? Biological Conservation 46, 23–51.

33. Bester M.N. (1980a). Population increase in the Amsterdam Island fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis at Gough Island. South African Journal of Zoology 15, 229–234.

34. Bester M.N. (1980b). The southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina at Gough Island. South African Journal of Zoology 15, 235–239.

35. Bester M.N. (1981). The effect of the sub-Antarctic environment on aspects of the terrestrial phase of fur seal populations. Comité National Francais pour les Récherches Antarctiques 51, 469–476.

36. Bester M.N. (1981). Seasonal changes in the population composition of the fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis at Gough Island. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 11(2), 49–55.

37. Bester M.N. (1982). Distribution, habitat selection and colony types of the Amsterdam Island fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis at Gough Island. Journal of Zoology, London 196, 217–231.

38. Bester M.N. (1984). Status of the populations of the fur seals Arctocephalus tropicalis and Arctocephalus gaszella north of the Antarctic Convergence. South African Journal of Science 80, 27–28.

39. Bester M.N. (1987). Sub-Antarctic fur seal, Arctocephalus tropicalis, at Gough Island (Tristan da Cunha group). In: Croxall J.P. and Gentry R.L. (eds). Status, biology and ecology of fur seals; proceedings of an international symposium and workshop, Cambridge, UK, 23–27 April 1984. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 51, 57–60.

40. Bester M.N. (1989). Endoparasites of the sub-Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis from Gough Island. South African Journal of Zoology 24(4), 363–365.

41. Bester M.N. (1990). Population trends of sub-Antarctic fur seals and southern elephant seals at Gough Island. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 20(1), 9–12.

42. Bester M.N. (1990). Reproduction in the male sub-Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis. Journal of Zoology, London 22, 177–185.

43. Bester M.N. (1995). Reproduction in the female sub-Antarctic fur seals, Arctocephalus tropicalis. Marine Mammal Science 2(3), 362–375.

44. Bester M.N. and Laycock P.A. (1985). Cephalopod prey of the sub-Antarctic fur seal, Arctocephalus tropicalis, at Gough Island. In: Siegfried W.R., Condy P.R, and Laws R.M. (eds). Nutrient Cycling and Food Webs in the Antarctic. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 551–554.

45. Bester M.N., Möller H., Wium J. and Enslin B. (2001). An update on the status of southern elephant seals at Gough Island. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 31(1&2), 68–71.

46. Bester M.N. and Rossouw G.J. (1994). Time budgets and activity patterns of sub-Antarctic fur seals at Gough Island. South African Journal of Zoology 29(2), 168–174.

47. Bester M.N. and Skinner J.D. (1991). South African research on Antarctic seals. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 21(2), 165–166.

48. Bester M.N. and Van Jaarsveld A.S. (1994). Sex-specific and latitudinal variance in postnatal growth of the sub-Antarctic fur seal (Arctocephalus tropicalis). Canadian Journal of Zoology 72(6), 1126–1133.

49. Bester M.N. and Van Jaarsveld A.S. (1997). Growth in sub-Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis pups as a possible indicator of off-shore food availability. In: Hindell M. and Kemper C.S. (eds). Marine Mammal Research in the Southern Hemisphere. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton 1, 88–91.

50. Bester M.N., Wilson J.W., Burle M-H. and Hofmeyr G.J.G. (in press). Population trends of Subantarctic fur seals at Gough Island. South African Journal of Wildlife Research.

51. Bourne W.R.P. (1955). On the status and appearance of the races of Cory's shearwater procellaria diomedea. Ibis 97, 145–149.

52. Bourne W.R.P. (1966). The seabirds of Gough Island. Ibis 108(4), 632.

53. Bourne W.R.P. (1977). Albatrosses occurring off South Africa. Cormorant 2, 7–10.

54. Bourne W.R.P. (1980). Gough Island. British Trust for Ornithology News 109, 4.

55. Bourne W.R.P. (1981). Fur seals return to Gough Island. Oryx 16(1), 46–47.

56. Bourne W.R.P. (1985). A rat on Gough Island. Marine Pollution Bulletin 16(3), 92.

57. Bourne W.R.P. (1985). Rat alarm. Oryx 19, 247.

58. Bourne W.R.P. (1992). A concentration of Great shearwaters and white-bellied storm-petrels over the RSA Seamount in the South Atlantic east of Gough Island. Sea Swallow 41, 52–53.

59. Bourne W.R.P. (1999). Birds attracted by lights and killed by skuas on Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean, and their zonal affinities. Sea Swallow. 48, 53–57, ill.

60. Bourne W.R.P. (2000). The South Indo-Atlantic Fregatta storm-petrels. Sea Swallow 49, 54–56.

61. Bourne W.R.P. (2001). The Tristan-Gough wandering albatross. Sea Swallow 50, 57.

62. Bourne W.R.P. and Imber M.J. (1982). Plastic pellets collected by a prion on Gough Island, central South Atlantic Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin 13(1), 20–21.

63. Bourne W.R.P. and Warham J. (1966). Geographical variation in the Giant petrels of the genus Macronectes. Ardea 54, 45–67.

64. Bradley J.D. (1958). Microlepidoptera collected by the Gough Island Scientific Survey 1955–56. The Entomologist 91, 178–180.

65. Brander J. (1940). Tristan da Cunha 1506 to 1902. George Allen & Unwin, London.

66. Brander J. (1952). Tristan da Cunha 1506 to 1950. Geschiedenis van een volkplanting. Hoorn, West-Friesland.

67. Breytenbach G.J. (1986). Dispersal: the case of the missing ant and the introduced mouse. South African Journal of Botany 52, 463–466.

68. British Admiralty (1875). Africa Pilot Volume or Sailing directions for the west coast of Africa. Part II. From the River Cameroon to the Cape of Good Hope. Including Ascension, St. Helena; The Tristan da Cunha, and Gough Islands. Hydrographic Department, Admiralty, by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

69. British Admiralty (1939). Africa Pilot Volume II. Comprising the west coast of Africa from Rio del Rey to Cape Hangklip: the islands in the Bight of Biafra; the islands of Ascension and St. Helena; The Tristan da Cunha group and Gough Island. Hydrographic Office, Admiralty, London.

70. Broekhuysen G.J. (1948). Observations on the Great shearwater in the breeding-season. British Birds 41, 338–341.

71. Broekhuysen G.J. (1957). Note. Oryx 4, 175.

72. Broekhuysen G.J. and Macnae W. (1949). Observations on the birds of Tristan da Cunha Islands and Gough Island in February and early March, 1948. Ardea 37(1–2), 97–113.

73. Brooke M. De L. (1988). Sexual dimorphism in the voice of the Greater shearwater. Wilson Bulletin 100(2), 319–323.

74. Brooke M. De L. (1989). Determination of the absolute visual threshold of a nocturnal seabird, the Common diving petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix. Ibis 131, 290–300.

75. Brown R.N.R. (1905). The botany of Gough Island I, Phanerogams and ferns. Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 37, 238–250.

76. Brown R.N.R. (1905). Diego Alvarez, or Gough Island. The Scottish Geographical Magazine 21(8), 430–440.

77. Brown R.N.R. (1905). The voyage of the Scotia. Transactions of the Perthshire Society of Natural Science 4(2), 63–70.

78. Brown R.N.R. (1923). The life & voyages of Dr. W.S. Bruce the polar explorer. In: Brown R.N.R. and Murdoch W.G.B. (eds). A Naturalist at the Poles. Seeley, Service & Co., London, pp.198–209.

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Theses

Doctoral theses

486. Abrams R.W. (1985). The structure of pelagic seabird assemblages in the African sector of the Southern Ocean. Ph.D. thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

487. Andrew T.G. (1992). Fishes of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island (South Atlantic), and the effects of environmental seasonality on the biology of selected species. Ph.D. thesis, Rhodes University, Grahamstown.

488. Bester M.N. (1977). Habitat selection, seasonal population changes, and behaviour of the Amsterdam Island fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis on Gough Island. D.Sc. thesis, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

489. Jackson S. (1990). Seabird digestive physiology in relation to foraging ecology. Ph.D. thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

490. Muirhead S.J. (1986). The accumulation, storage and elimination of metals and organochlorines in the Great skua Catharacta skua skua and metal accumulation in Atlantic Procellariiformes. Ph.D. thesis, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, U.K.

491. Parker J.G. (1977). Gough, Charles (1693–1774) of Walthamstow Essex. In: The Directors of the East India Company, 1754–1790. Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, U.K., pp. 121–122.

492. Richardson J. E. (1999). Molecular systematics of the genus Phylica L. with an emphasis on the island species. Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, U.K.

493. Thompson D.R. (1989). A review of heavy metal levels in marine vertebrates and some studies of mercury in seabirds. Ph.D. thesis, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, U.K.

494. Zielinsky R. A. (1972). Gough Island ... evaluation of a fractional crystallization model and an experimental study of the partitioning of a rare earth element in the system diopside/water. Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.

Master's thesis

495. Ryan P.G. (1986). The incidence and effects of ingested plastic in seabirds. M.Sc. thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Honours thesis

496. Badenhorst P.W. (1991). Biochemical variability in house mice from Gough Island and Durban. B.Sc. honours project, Biology Department, University of Natal, Durban.

 

Grey literature

Reports & manuscripts

497. Adams N.J. (1987). Physiology and energetics of surface-nesting birds at the Prince Edward and Gough Islands in relation to their roles as predators in the southern ocean. SANARP Project Report. Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town.

498. Adams N.J. and Brown C.R. (1984). Relationships between the population dynamics of selected seabirds (chiefly penguins) and their prey at the Prince Edward and Gough Islands. Final project report submitted to South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research, January 1984. FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town.

499. Andrew T.G. (1995). Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, Fourth annual environmental inspection, September–October 1994. Unpublished report to the Administrator and Island Council of Tristan da Cunha and the United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office. By member of the Gough Island Wildlife Reserve Advisory Committee, c/o Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.

500. Anon. (1957). Tenth World Conference of the International Committee for Bird Preservation. International Committee for Bird Preservation. British Section, Annual Report 1957, 7–18.

501. Anon. (1958). The need for better protection of island species with special reference to the Tristan group of islands. In: Xth World Conference of the International Committee for Bird Preservation. Bulletin of the International Committee for Bird Preservation 7, 40–42.

502. Anon. (1960). Report on completed meteorological programmes on Marion, Tristan da Cunha and Gough Islands, 1.1.1957–31.12.1958, 1.1.1958–31.3.1960. South African National Committee for Antarctic Research [First and Second report to SCAR], Pretoria.

503. Anon. (1983). Bird conservation problems in other dependent territories. International Committee for Bird Preservation. British Section, Annual Report 1983, 8–9.

504. Brooke M. (1987). Gough & Nightingale Islands: a discussion of some conservation issues. Manuscript.

505. Bourne W.R.P. and Curtis W.F. (1985). British possessions in the southern hemisphere. International Committee for Bird Preservation, British Section, Annual Report 1985: 6–8.

506. Cooper J. (1982). Ornithological research at the Prince Edward and Gough Islands May 1981–May 1982. FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town.

507. Cooper J. (1983). Ornithological research at the Prince Edward and Gough Islands and in the African sector of the Southern Ocean June 1982–July 1983. FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town.

508. Cooper J.C. (1992). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, October November 1992. Unpublished report of the Conservation Officer, Tristan da Cunha Government, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town.

509. Cooper J. (1994). Seabird mortality from longline fisheries: evidence from Marion and Gough Islands. 20-Apr-1995. WG-IMALF-94/

510. Cooper J.C. (2003). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September 2003. Unpublished report of the Conservation Officer, Tristan da Cunha Government, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town.

511. Cooper J. and Brooke R.K. (1981). A bibliography of seabirds in the waters of Southern Africa, the Prince Edward and Tristan Groups. South African National Scientific Programmes Report 48: 1–297.

512. Cooper J. and Ryan P.G. (1995). Conservation status of Gough Island. In: Dingwall P.R. (ed.). Progress in conservation of Subantarctic Islands: Proceedings of the SCAR/IUCN Workshop on Protection, Research and Management of Subantarctic Islands, Paimpont, France. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN], World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland, pp. 71–84.

513. Dingwall P.R. and Walton D.W.H. (1996). Environmental education and training for visitors to islands of the Southern Ocean. In: Dingwall P.R. and Walton D.W.H. (eds). Opportunities for Antarctic environmental education and training: Proceedings of the SCAR/IUCN Workshop on Environmental Education and Training, Gorizia, Italy, 26 29 April 1993. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), Cambridge, pp. 17–25.

514. Fraser M.W. (1993). Gough Island Wildlife Reserve: third annual environmental inspection, October 1993. Unpublished report to the Administrator and Island Council of Tristan da Cunha and the United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office. By the Conservation Officer, Sandbanks, Kenmuir Steps, 7995 Glencairn, South Africa.

515. Gough Island Scientific Survey (1955–1956). Expedition log. Presented to the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge.

516. Gremmen N.J.M. (2000). Eradication of Sagina procumbens (procumbent pearlwort) in the Gough Island Wildlife Reserve. Manual for the monitoring and eradication of invasive weeds. Manuscript for: Tristan da Cunha Administration/UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

517. Hänel C. (1998). Environmental Inspection Report of Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September October 1998. Unpublished report for the Tristan da Cunha Government by the Conservation Officer, c/o Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

518. Hay C., Gosliner T.M., Koop K.L., Anderson R.J., Liltved W.R., Jarman N., Hanekom P. and Bennet B.A. (1981). Zonation patterns of the marine biota of Gough Island, south Atlantic. Manuscript.

519. Heydorn A.E.F. (1969). The South Atlantic rock lobster Jasus tristani at Vema Seamount, Gough Island and Tristan da Cunha. (South African Department of Industries) Division of Sea Fisheries Investigational Report 73, 1–20.

520. Holdgate M.W. (1957). Gough Island – a possible sanctuary. Manuscript of presentation at the Central and South African Conference of the International Committee for Bird Preservation, Bulawayo.

521. Holdgate M.W. (1967). The influence of introduced species on the ecosystem of temperate oceanic islands. Proceedings of the 10th Technical Meeting of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN], Lucerne, 1966 9: 151–176.

522. Huyser O. (1997). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, October November 1997. Unpublished report of the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Officer, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

523. Nel D. (2000). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September 2000. Unpublished report of the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Officer, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

524. Roscoe M.J. (1979). Biology and exploitation of the rock lobster Jasus tristani at the Tristan da Cunha Islands, South Atlantic. 1949–1976. Investigational Report Sea Fisheries Branch South Africa 118: 1–47.

525. Roux J.P. (1996). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September October 1996. Unpublished report of the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Officer, Tristan da Cunha Government, c/o National Botanical Institute, Claremont 7735, South Africa.

526. Rowe-Rowe D.T. and Crafford J.E. (1991). Alien house mice and their impact on the biota of Gough Island. Abstract: Southern African Wildlife Management Association Symposium, Pietermaritzburg, 9–11 July 1991.

527. Ryan P.G. (1990). The effects of ingested plastic and other marine debris on seabirds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Centre, Shomura R.S. and Godfrey M.L. (Eds), 153: 623–634.

528. Ryan P.G. (1991). Gough Island inspection 1991. Unpublished report of the Conservation Officer: Tristan da Cunha, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town.

529. Ryan P.G. (2001). Environmental Inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September 2001. Unpublished report of the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Officer, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

530. Ryan P.G. and Glass J.P. (1999). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September 1999. Unpublished report of the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Officer, c/o Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

531. Swales M.K. (1957). The fur seals of Gough Island. Manuscript.

532. Swales M.K. (1962). Report on the ringing of Wandering albatrosses (Diomedea exulans dabbenena math.) on Gough Island between December 1955 and March 1956, with notes on the planned ringing there of Giant petrels (Macronectes giganteus giganteus Gmel.). Gough Island Scientific Survey, report for the F.I.D.S.

533. Thompson D.R. (1988). Total and organic mercury concentrations in liver tissue of seabirds. In: Tasker M.L. (ed). Seabird food and feeding ecology: Proceedings of the Third International Conference of the Seabird Group, African Seabird Group, Cape Town, pp. 44–45.

534. Voisin J-F. and Bester M.N. (1981). The specific status of Giant petrels Macronectes at Gough Island. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Birds of the Sea and Shore, 1979 (ed.) Cooper J. African Seabird Group, Cape Town, pp. 215– 222.

535. Wace N. M. (1967). Alien plants in the Tristan da Cunha islands. Proceedings of the 10th Technical Meeting of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN], Lucerne, 1966 9: 151–176.

536. Wace N.M. (1996). Report on Environmental Inspection of Gough Island, August September 1995. By member of the Gough Island Wildlife Reserve Advisory Committee, c/o Australian National University, Canberra.

537. Weather Bureau South Africa (1956 ). Radiosonde data: Gough Island. Pretoria database.

538. Weather Bureau South Africa (1956 ). Temperature and relative humidity, hourly values: Station Gough. Government Printer, Pretoria.

539. White R.W. and Dyer B. M. (2002). Environmental inspection, Gough Island Wildlife Reserve, September 2002. Unpublished report of the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Officer, c/o Conservation Centre, Georgetown, Ascension Island, ASCN 1ZZ, South Atlantic; and Marine and Coastal Management, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Cape Town, South Africa.

 

Popular literature

Articles & books

540. Adams N. [J.]. (1983). Seabird research – V 29 to Gough and Marion Islands (April June 1983). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 12, 3–4.

541. Andrew T.G. (1988). Research on Tristan da Cunha. Ichthos 20, 14–15.

542. Andrew T.G. (1990). Fish tagging in the South Atlantic. Tagging News 6, 8.

543. Andrew T.G., Hecht T., Heemstra P.C. and Lutjeharms J.R.E. (1995). Fishes of the Tristan da Cunha Group and Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 63, 1–41.

544. Anon. (1948a). Exclusive report on the Tristan da Cunha fishing industry expedition. South African Shipping News and Fishing Industry Review 3(4), 33–37.

545. Anon. (1948b). Pequena expedition made three landings on Gough Island. South African Shipping News and Fishing Industry Review 3(4), 43.

546. Anon. (1948). Extracts dealing with Marion and Gough islands. South African Philatelist, pp.15.

547. Anon. (1955). Notes and News. Gough Island Scientific Survey. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 73, 8.

548. Anon. (1956). Notes and News. Gough Island Scientific Survey. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 83, 10.

549. Anon. (Red. – [Engelbrecht S.A.?]) (1956). Besoek aan Gough en Tristan da Cunha. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 86, 1–4.

550. Anon. (1957). Notes and News: Gough Island. [Heavy rain and landslides]. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 101, 10.

551. Anon. (1957). Nuusbrokkies: Gough. [Bottle thrown in sea at Gough, retrieved at Melkbosstrand some 6 months later]. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 104, 12.

552. Anon. [1957]. The Duke of Edinburgh's world tour 1956–1957. Based on the diaries kept by Viscount Cilcennin and Lieut.-Commander Michael Parker, R.N. Pitkin Pictorials, London.

553. Anon. (1957). International Geophysical Year: South Africa to contribute scientific data from remote islands. South African Panorama 2(8), [29–31].

554. Anon. (1958). Gough-verslag gedateer Desember 1957. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 106, 5.

555. Anon. (1986). Study of the microfauna of Gough. Tristan Times 21(5), 5.

556. Anon. [Perry R.?] (1988). Island Council. Meetings with S.A.I.D.C. Tristan Times 26, 1.

557. Anon. [Perry R.?] (1988). From the Administrator. Tristan Times 27, 1.

558. Anon. (1988). Inquest into drowning at Gough Island. Tristan Times 29(4), 2.

559. Anon. (1991). Birth of an island. Drum Supplement: Drum for the young 148(6), 55–58.

560. Anon. [Johnson P.H.] (1992). Fishing quotas. Tristan Times 4(92), 7.

561. Anon. [Johnson P.H.] (1992). Gough Island. Tristan Times 5(92), 7.

562. Anon. [Johnson P.H.] (1992). Fishing. Tristan Times 5(92), 10.

563. Anon. [Johnson P.H.] (1993). Fishing. Tristan Times 2(93), 3.

564. Anon. (1994). Fitztitute scientists plan to protect Gough Island. Monday Paper 13(26), 1.

565. Anon. (1999). Woman in the wilderness. Marie Claire (5), 70–72.

566. Anon. (2001–02). News from the Percy Fitzpatrick Institute. Africa Birds & Birding 6(6), 17.

567. Barendse J. (2000–01). Islands and Aliens. Earthyear 22, 6–8.

568. Becker R. (1998). A diary piece, reminiscence. Tristan da Cunha Newsletter 23, 7–8.

569. Berruti A. (1980). Ornithological research on S.A. Agulhas cruise 10 to Gough Island. South African National Committee for Oceanographic Research Newsletter 25, 1.

570. Best P.B. (1975). Status of whale stocks of South Africa. 1973. Report of the International Whaling Commission 25, 198–207.

571. Bester M.N. (1985). Rot-opsporingsveldtog – Gough-eiland. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 17, 8–9.

572. Bester M.N. and Ryan P.G. (in press). Mammals. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

573. Bonnema D.J. (1959). Gough-eiland kry besoek. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 118, 9.

574. Bonnema D.J. (1959). The voyage of the M.V. Möwe III. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 123, 10–11.

575. Bonnema D.J. and Thorburn T. (1959). Storm teister weerstasie op Gough-eiland. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 122, 6.

576. Brock J. (2003). M/S Endeavour beyond the convergence to Gough Island and Tristan da Cunha. Tristan Times 43, May.

577. Brock J. (2003). South African Navy rescues three from Gough Island. Tristan Times 43, November.

578. Brock J. (2003). A zodiac tour of Gough Island. Tristan Times 43, July.

579. Brock J. (2004). Gough Island weather station to get new roof. Tristan Times 43, July.

580. Brooke M. [De L.] (1987). Research on seabirds at Gough and Nightingale Islands in 1986. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 27, 6–7.

581. Brooke M. de L. (1996). World-class isle. BBC Wildlife 14(2), 56.

582. Brooke R.K., Sinclair J.C. and Berruti A. (1980). Geographical variation in Diomedea chlororhynchos (Aves: Diomedeidae). Durban Museum Novitates 12(15), 171–180.

583. Brown R.N.R., Mossman R. and Pirie J.H.H. (1906). Gough Island and South Africa. In The Voyage of the Scotia. Blackwood, Edinburgh, pp. 256–278.

584. Burdecki J.M. (1963). Selected list of literature on the Antarctic, Sanae, Marion Island, Tristan da Cunha, Gough Island and Bouvetøya. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter Supplement 1, 1–16.

585. Chambers R. (1956). To Gough Island. Visa 1(2), 64–66.

586. Christensen L. (1935). Gough Island and Tristan da Cunha. In: Such is the Antarctic. Hodder & Stoughton, London, pp. 228–249.

587. Christophersen E. (1935). Plants of Gough Island (Diego Alvarez). In: Christensen L. (ed). Such is the Antarctic. Hodder & Stoughton, London, pp. 250–253.

588. Coetzee P. (1969). Death on Gough Island. Scope 4(16), Aug. 08, 24–33.

589. Condy P.R. (1984). Research fieldwork at Gough Island. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 14, 11–12.

590. Cooper J. (1983). Complete census of breeding Wandering albatrosses at Gough Island during October/November 1982 (V26). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 9, 3–4.

591. Cooper J. (1986). Towards a history of Gough Island 1: The inscriptions at The Glen. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 24, 3–5.

592. Cooper J. (1988). Shore-based research conducted on Gough and Inaccessible Islands. Voyage V51, September–October 1987. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 30, 2–4.

593. Cooper J. (1996). Research programme for Gough Island Wildlife Reserve. Forum News 14, 4.

594. Cooper J. (2004). Are mice killing the albatrosses of Gough? Africa Birds & Birding 9(1), 46–50.

595. Cooper J. and Ryan P.G. (1992). Benign research on a South Atlantic jewel: towards a management plan for Gough Island. George Wright Forum 9, 101–112.

596. Crafford J.[E.] (1986). Entomological activities in Gough Island. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 21, 10.

597. Crawford A. (1940). Adventures at Gough Island. Diens/Service 2(11), 20–23.

598. Crawford A.B. (1941). Adventures with the navy at Gough Island. In: I went to Tristan, chap. 16, pp. 202–210. Hodder & Stoughton, London.

599. Crawford A.B. (1959). Möwe III. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 121, 7–8.

600. Crawford A.B. (1982). Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. In: Tristan da Cunha and the Roaring Forties, chap. 14, pp. 147–156. Charles Skilton, Edinburgh & London.

601. Edinburgh P. [Duke of]. (1962). Birds from Britannia. Longmans, London.

602. Elliott E. (1998). The diary of Elizabeth, Lady Elliott 1950–52. Tristan da Cunha Newsletter 23, 10–11.

603. Engelbrecht S.A. (1956). Besoek aan Gough en Tristan. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 88, 7.

604. Enticott J.W. (1983).Ornithological research on Project ISAAC (V30). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 12, 4–5.

605. Fisher J. and Lockley R.M. (1989). Seabirds. In: Natural History of the Islands of the Atlantic. Bloomsbury Books, London, pp. 2, 142, 144.

606. Glass J. and Ryan P. (in press). Visiting Tristan. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

607. Gous V.C. (1969). Drama op Gough-eiland. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 244, 118–121.

608. Green L.G. (1933). Gough Island. In: The Coast of Treasure, chap. 15, pp. 250–254. Putnam, London & New York.

609. Green L.G. (1945). The loneliest isle. In: Where Men Still Dream, chap. 5, pp. 67–69. Howard Timmins, Cape Town.

610. Green L.G. (1960). The Gough Island diamonds. In: Eight bells at Salamander, chap. 25, pp. 191–201. Timmins Publishers, Cape Town.

611. Green L. G. (1962). The Gough Island diamonds. In: Islands Time Forgot: Memories of Africa's busy islands and Robinson Crusoe outposts, of strange and remote people, on the liner tracks and in the solitudes of the Atlantic and Indian oceans, chap. 6, pp. 77–88. Putnam, London.

612. Gremmen N.J.M., Barendse J. and Orr I. (2001). Invasion and eradication of Sagina procumbens L. (procumbent pearlwort) on Gough Island. Aliens 14, 19–20.

613. Hänel C. (in press). Terrestrial invertebrates. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

614. Hänel C., Chown S.L. and Gaston K.J. (2005). Gough Island – A natural history. Sun Press, Stellenbosch.

615. Hardy A. (1967). From Cape Horn to Good Hope via Gough Island. In: Great Waters: A voyage of natural history to study whales, plankton and the waters of the Southern Ocean in the old Royal Research Ship Discovery with the results brought up to date by the findings of the R.R.S. Discovery II, chap. 19, pp. 433–438. Collins, London.

616. Harrison P. (1987). Seabirds of the World. A photographic guide. Christopher Helm, Kent.

617. Hayward L.Q. (1954). Weather reports from Gough Island. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 61, 5.

618. Heaney J.B. (1955). On Gough Island. Visa 1(3), 108–114.

619. Heaney J.B. (1955). Covers from Gough Island Scientific Survey. Stamps 92(9), 312.

620. Heydorn A.E.F. and Lutjeharms J.R.E. (1980). Tristan da Cunha ... the loneliest isle. African Wildlife 34(6), 12–17.

621. Holdgate M. (1958). Mountains in the Sea. The story of the Gough Island expedition. Macmillan, London.

622. Holdgate M. (1961). Biological routes between the southern continents. New Scientist 239, 636–638.

623. Holdgate M. (2003). Penguins and Mandarins ... Memories of Natural and Unnatural History. The Memoir Club.

624. Jakubowsky G. and Gremmen N. (in press). Plants. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

625. Jones A.G. (2001). The Gough Island Terrestrial Invertebrate Survey (GITIS), A Darwin Initiative Biodiversity Survey in the South Atlantic. Forum News 20, 8.

626. Jurisich M. (1995). South Africa's sub-Antarctic & Antarctic weather stations: 1947–1990. Polar Post 27(3), 104–114.

627. Jurisich M. (1996). South Africa's sub-Antarctic & Antarctic weather stations: 1947–1990. Australian Journal of Postal History. Monograph No. 2. The Postal History Society, Melbourne, Victoria.

628. King J.A. (1958). Rainfall on Gough Island. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 111, 11.

629. Koop K. and Anderson R. (1982). Exploring the kelp beds of Gough Island. African Wildlife 36, 8–15.

630. Kosch W. (1961). Die Inseln Tristan und Gough: Der Seewart 22(3), 118–120.

631. Krige D. (1969). Die twee gesigte van Gough-eiland. Huisgenoot Aug. 29, pp. 48–53.

632. La Grange J.J. (1961). News from the island stations and from the South African National Antarctic Expedition. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 147, 91–92.

633. La Grange J.J. (1962). News from the island stations and Antarctica. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 155, 1–3.

634. Layard E.L. (1869). The South African Museum. The South African Magazine – A Contribution to Colonial Literature 3, 467–468.

635. Le Roux P.A. (1963). Die nuwe basis op Gough-eiland. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 170, 83–84.

636. Le Roux P.A. (1965). Gough Island surface winds. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 199, 159.

637. Le Roux P.A. (1972). Dis weer Gougheiland. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 280, 105–206.

638. Liversidge R. (1956). [Gough Island birds in transit to the London Zoo]. 'Promerops', Cape Bird Club Newsletter 35, 2–3.

639. Lukas B. (1979). Südafrika Antarktis-Expeditionen. Post- und Nebenstempel der Norwegen- und Südafrika- Antarktis Expeditionen und Stationen und der Inseln Bouvet, Gough und Marion. Lukas, Bernd, Berlin.

640. Lutjeharms J.R.E. and Heydorn A.E.F. (1982). Die krewe van Vema Seeberg. African Wildlife 36(1), 5.

641. Mackay J.A. and Crabb G. F. (1965). Tristan da Cunha. Its postal history and philately. Published by the authors at Charlwood, Howard Avenue, Ewell, Surrey, U.K.

642. Marr S. [J.W.S.]. (1923). Into the Frozen South. Cassell, London.

643. Maund J.G., Rex D.C., Le Roex A.P. and Reid D.L. (1988). Volcanism on Gough Island: a revised stratigraphy. Geological Magazine 125(2), 175–181.

644. Maund J.G., Watkeys M. and Chevallier L. (1985). Geological research on Gough and Tristan da Cunha (V37). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 17, 6–7.

645. McNish J.T. (1963). I visit Gough Island. Tydskrif van die S.A. Spoorweë en Hawens Sep., 929.

646. McNish J.T. (1963). Meet your weathermen. Farmers Weekly Nov. 27, 30–37.

647. Milius S. (2004). Wind highways: mosses, lichens travel along aerial paths. Science News 165(21), 324.

648. Morgan M.R. (1965). Outbreaks of Antarctic air in relation to the hurricane seasons of 1962 and 1963 in the North Atlantic. Canada, Meteorological Branch Circular 24.

649. Nagel J.F. (1958). IGY observations from ships of the South African Navy. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 111, 3–6.

650. Newman M.R. (1983). Erection of the new base on Gough Island. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 12, 1–3.

651. Nolloth M.S. (1856). Visit of H.M.S. Frolic to Tristan da Cunha. Nautical Magazine 25(8), 401–415.

652. Nutman W. and Schultz W. (1969). Vaisala radiotheodolite installation on Gough Island. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 47, 169–172.

653. Pearce F. (1994). Britain's abandoned empire. New Scientist 142, 26–31.

654. Pearce F. (1999). On its own. Britain can't even reach the island it promised to protect. New Scientist. 163, 21.

655. Pirie J.H.H. (1948). Antarctic Posts and Stamps. Stamp Collecting Ltd, London.

656. Pirie J. H. H. (1975). Antarctic Posts and Stamps. Reprint with consent of editor, Stamp Collecting Ltd, published by Harry Hayes Philatelic Studies No. 17, Yorkshire.

657. Potgieter T. (2002). The geopolitical role of the South African Navy in the South African sphere of influence after the Second World War. Strategic Review for Southern Africa 24(38).

658. Ross G.J.B. (1989). Right Whale survey: Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island, October 1988. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 34, 4–6.

659. Roux J.P. (1980). Gough-eiland. Veld & Flora 66(1), 3–6.

660. Ryan P.G. (1996). Birding briefs. World heritage status for Gough Island. Africa Birds & Birding 1(1), 8–9.

661. Ryan P. (2000). Separating albatrosses – Tristan or Wandering? Africa Birds & Birding 5(4), 35–39.

662. Ryan P. (2000). Fighting procumbent pearlwort on Gough Island. Africa Environment & Wildlife 8(5), 24–25.

663. Ryan P.G. (in press). Birds. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

664. Ryan P.G. and Glass J. (in press). The island setting. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

665. Schmalenbach P. (c.1977). German raiders: A history of auxiliary cruisers of the German navy, 1895–1945. Translated by Keith Lewis. Patrick Stephens, Cambridge.

666. Schwaar J. (1976). Gough Island – Wissenschaftliches Neuland. Umschau 76(22), 718–719.

667. Scott S. and Andrew T. (in press). Marine life. In: Ryan P.G. (ed.). Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Pisces Publication, Newbury.

668. Short R. (1963). A flight over Gough Island. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 173, 131–133.

669. Spiess F. (1928). Meteor im Orkan bei der Goughinsel. In: Die Meteor-Fahrt: Forschungen und Erlebnisse der Deutschen Atlantischen Expedition, 1925 1927. Dietrich Reimer, Berlin, pp. 98–101; pl. 40.

670. Stead B. (1987). Gough Island: rocky haven for seabirds. South African Panorama 32(7), 44–50.

671. Swales M.K. (1988). The Gough Island Scientific Survey (1955–56). Tristan da Cunha Newsletter 3, 8.

672. Thorne L. (1992). 1893 Shipwrecked sailors return. Tristan da Cunha Newsletter 11, 5.

673. Tomkins R.J. (1982). An ANARE man visits Gough Island. Aurora 3, 26–28.

674. Tuck G. (1979). A field guide to the Seabirds of Southern Africa and the World. Collins, London and Johannesburg.

675. Tuck G. (1980). A Guide to Seabirds on the Ocean Routes. Collins, London.

676. Uys W. (1984). A collection of fishes from Gough, Nightingale and the Prince Edward Islands (C29). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 13, 3–4.

677. Van dam P. (1927). Beschryvinge van de Oostindische Compagnie. Eerste Book, Deel 1, chap. 23, pp. 659–700. Dr F.W. Stapel, 'S-Gravenhage, Martinus Nijhoff.

678. Van der Merwe J.J. (1956). Groot storm. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 88, 9.

679. Van der Merwe J.J. (1957). 'Robinson Crusoe' op Gough. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 104, 4.

680. Van der Merwe J.J. (1960). Nuus van Gough. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 138, 5-6.

681. Van Heerden D. (1969). Laaste dae op Gough. Ster Oct. 10, 2–3; 8–15.

682. Van Heerden D. (1969). Twelve men against the howling elements on a prehistoric island. 'They took a wrong turning, and they were doomed'. Scope 4(20), Oct. 03, 36–40.

683. Van Rooy M.P. (1958). Lest we forget. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 109, 1–2.

684. Van Ryssen W.J. (1976). The birds of the Tristan da Cunha Group and Gough Island. University of Cape Town: Board of Extra-mural Studies.

685. Verwoerd W.J. (1966). Geologie en kartografie van die suidelike eilande. Tegnikon (Pretoria) 15, 105–113.

686. Wace N.M. (1996). Goodbye to Gough Island: 40 years on from the Gough Island Scientific Survey, 1955–56. Tristan da Cunha Newsletter 19, 5–8.

687. Watkins B.[P]. (1984). Ornithological research at Gough Island (September October 1983, V31). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 13,1–2.

688. Watkins B.P. (1986a). Island-based scientific research on Gough Island and Tristan da Cunha. South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 22, 1–3.

689. Watkins B.[P]. (1986b). Island-based scientific research on Gough Island and Tristan da Cunha. (V46). South African Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research Newsletter 25, 5–6.

690. Watt S. (1963a). A resumé of weather conditions on Gough Island during the period may 1962 to March 1963. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 169, 65–67.

691. Watt S. (1963b). Precipitation at the weather station on Gough Island. South African Weather Bureau Newsletter 191, 16–17.

692. Weather Bureau South Africa (1949–1985). Monthly newsletters from Gough Island. In: Department of Transport (ed.). South African Weather Bureau Newsletter, April 1949(1) September 1985(438).

693. Weather Bureau South Africa (1985–1998). Monthly newsletters from Gough Island. In: Department of Environment Affairs (ed.). South African Weather Bureau Newsletter, October 1985(439) March 1998(588).

694. Wild F. (1923). Diego Alvarez or Gough Island. In: Shackleton's Last Voyage: The story of the Quest, chap. 13, pp. 265–286. Cassell, London.

695. Wilson A.E. and Swales M.K. (1958). Flightless moorhens (Porphyriornis c. comeri) from Gough Island breed in captivity. Avicultural Magazine 64(2), 43–45.

696. Woolley J. (1997). Island cocks – where did they come from? Tristan Da Cunha Newsletter 21, 6–7.

697. Worth S. (1992). Gough Island. A naturalist's dream. Journal of the Mountain Club of South Africa 94, 78–83.

698. Zettersten A. (1989). The pristine place-names of the Tristan da Cunha group. Universitas Umensis. Acta 90, 297–310.

699. Zimre I. (1986). Rauhe Wiege für Millionen. Geo 8, 122–138.

 

Legal & official documents

Government gazettes & notices

700. London, Colonial Office (1950). Wild Life Protection Ordinance, Tristan da Cunha. H.M.S.O., London.

701. London Gazette 1938, Jan. 18, No 34474, p. 364. [Re: Gough Island to become dependency of Island of St. Helena]. NA. Ref: ZJ1/908.

702. South Africa, Cape of Good Hope Government Gazette 1869, June 18, Vol. 4(130). Shipping and Trade. Arrivals in Table Bay.

703. South Africa, Government Gazettes 2002 March 28, No. 23232, Notice No. 354. National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 107 of 1998), Environmental Implementation plans and Environmental Management plans under section 15 (1) of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 107 of 1998).

704. South Africa, National Archives (1948–56). Gough research. Vol. 102. Ref. BTS. Pretoria holding.

705. South Africa, National Archives (1952–62). Gough Island – Tristan da Cunha. Vol. 692. Ref. BS 37–3. Pretoria holding.

706. South Africa, National Archives (1954–56). Scientific Survey. Climatological expedition to Gough Island. Ref. DWB. Vol. 122. Ref. M12-10-3-1. Pretoria holding.

707. South Africa, National Archives (1955). Proposed expedition to Gough Island. Vol. 111. Ref. AB 16-9-2-87. Pretoria holding.

708. South Africa, National Archives (1956). Gough Island correspondence. Vol. 35. Ref. KSB-87-10. Depot TBK, Cape Town.

709. South Africa, National Archives (1956–57). Staff appointments. Vol. 56. Ref. AB 10–15. Pretoria holding.

710. South Africa, National Archives (1956–59). Staff establishment and creating of posts – Gough Island. Vol. 31. Ref. AB 1-6-1-5. Pretoria holding.

711. Tooke W.H. (?)(1906). Island of Tristan da Cunha. Guano deposits. Enclosure No. 9, Minute No. 1/467. Prime Minister's Office, Cape Town 1904, August 17. Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

712. Tristan da Cunha (1950). An ordinance to protect wildlife in Tristan da Cunha. St Helena: government Printer.

713. Tristan da Cunha (1952). An ordinance to amend the wildlife (Tristan da Cunha). Protection Ordinance, 1950. No.5 of 1952. St Helena: Government Printer.

714. Tristan da Cunha (1976). An ordinance to make provision for the conservation of the fauna and flora of Tristan da Cunha. No. 1 of 1976. Jamestown, St Helena: Government Printer G.P.O. 1976, 781, 502–72.

715. Tristan da Cunha (1983a). An ordinance to define the fishery limits of Tristan da Cunha and to make provision for the regulation of fishing within those limits and for other matters connected herewith. No. 1 of 1983. St Helena: Government Printer.

716. Tristan da Cunha (1983b). The Tristan da Cunha fishery Limits (Licensing of Fishing) Order, 1983. St Helena: Government Printer.

717. Tristan da Cunha (1991). An ordinance to revise certain penalties contained in the Tristan da Cunha Fishery Limits Ordinance, 1983. St Helena: Government Printer.

718. Tristan da Cunha (1992). An ordinance to amend the Tristan da Cunha Fishery Limits Ordinance, 1983, so as to provide that the licensing powers of the Administrator in relation to foreign fishing vessels may also be exercised by the Governor. St Helena: Government Printer.

Letters

719. Boehmke H. (Bisset, Hofmeyr and Boehmke), 1936, Dec. 23. Letter to the Secretary for the High Commissioner, for the United Kingdom, Pretoria. Ref. C 2256/2256/18. NA [ref FO 371/207 48]; & SPRI.

720. Coote E. (British Embassy, Rio de Janeiro), 1936, Nov. 20. Letter to American Department, Foreign Office. Ref. 8502/8502/18 (3/383/36). SPRI.

721. Eastwood C.G. (Colonial Office, Downing Street), 1936, Dec. 22. Letter to the Foreign Office. Ref. C 9144/8502/18 (87512/5/36). SPRI.

722. Fleming J.I.H. (Acting Administrator for Tristan da Cunha), 1969, July 18 & Aug. 15. Report on the Tristan islander's expedition to Gough Island. Typed letter, Enclosure 54. NA [ref FCO 42/404]

723. Fleming J.I.H. (Administrator for Tristan da Cunha), 1969, Oct. 22. Tristan islander's expedition to Gough Island. Letter, Enclosure 62. NA

724. Mackenzie (Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Department Gibraltar and South Atlantic), 1969, Nov. 11. Letter from the Finance, Policy and Aid Department. Ref. KHR/VP 63. NA

725. Phillips S.H. (Admiralty, S.W.1), 1937, Oct. 24. Letter to the Under Secretary of State, Colonial Office, S.W.1. Ref. 7339/2256/18 (M.04859/37). SPRI.

726. Phillips S.H. (By command of their Lordships),1938, Jan. 24. Letter to The Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth., Ref. M.01188/38; C 481/158/18. SPRI.

727. Reed A.H. (South Africa House), 1952, May 28. Letter NS 1391/6 to the Commonwealth Relations Office, Foreign Office & Colonial Office. SPRI.

728. Robins K.H (Gibraltar & South Atlantic Department), 1969, Nov.11. Typed letter. NA [ref FCO 42/404]

729. Robins K.H (Gibraltar & South Atlantic Department), 1969, Nov.19. Handwritten letter. NA [ref FCO 42/404]

730. Seal E.A. (Under-Secretary of State, Colonial Office, London), 1937, Dec. 22. Letter to the Admiralty, London, Ref. M.04859/37; C 8835/2256/18. NA [ref FO 371/207 48]; & SPRI.

731. Strang W. (Foreign Office, S.W.1), 1937, Sep. 22. Letter to the Under-Secretary of State, Colonial Office. Ref. C 6359/2256/18. SPRI.

732. Williams J.B. (Colonial Office, Downing Street), 1937, Sep. 8. Letter to the Admiralty Secretary. Ref. C 7339/2256/18 (M.04859/37). SPRI.

Journals & logs

733. Gough C. (c.1732). A Journal of a Voyage intended by God's assistance from England towards Canton in China in the good ship Richmond, upon account of the Honourable United East India Company of England. Manuscript logbook of HEIC vessel Richmond, kept by Commander Charles Gough. BL India Office, Ref. No. L/Mar/329A.

734. Gunther E.R. (1925 27). Gough Island. Diary of E.R. Gunther, zoologist. NMM library. Call number : MSS/87/096.11.

735. Rogers J.A. (1954). Journal of whaling voyage of ship Mentor of New London, Capt. William M. Baker. Kept by James A. Rogers. Reynolds Printing, New Bedford, Manuscript, 16 pp. SPRI, Ref. Pam 639.245.1 [19th Century American].

736. Rogers J.A. (1959). Journal of whaling voyage of ship Mentor of New London, Capt. William M. Baker. Jib Boom Club, New London.

737. Sherman S.C. (1986). Whaling logbooks and journals 1613–1927. Garland Publishing, New York & London.

738. Stebbing Shaw, the Rev. (1801). The History and Antiquities of Staffordshire. Compiled from the manuscripts of Huntbach, Loxdale, Bishop Lyttelton, and other collections of Dr. Wilkes, the Rev. T. Feilde, &c. including Erdeswicks's survey of the county; and the approved parts of Dr. Plot's natural history. The whole brought down to the present time; interspersed with pedigrees and anecdotes of families; observations on agriculture, commerce, mines and manufactories; and illustrated with numerous plates. London M.DCC.XCVIII (1801). Printed by and for J. Nichols, Red Lion Passage, Fleet Street 2(1), pp.150 (188–193). BL, Rare Collections, Ref: 200i2 vol. 2.

739. Vincent F. (c.1758). Journal of the British East India vessel Osterley, kept by Captain Frederic Vincent. BL India Office Testament 1774 Feb. 11. Gough C. Will and testament of Charles Gough. NA, Ref: Prob 11/995

Correspondence

1904 May 08. Hagan I. Letter. [Abstract: Written c/o Gas Works, Cape Town, Hagan wrote to W.S. Bruce Esq., introducing himself as a Tristanian who went to Gough Island in the Wild Rose in 1892]. SPRI. Ref. MS 356/33.

1905 Jan. 28. Andrews Fred. Letter. [Abstract: As 'head man, Dyer Island', Andrews wrote to W.S. Bruce Esq., describing his activities on Gough Island as a sealer of the Wild Rose]. SPRI. Ref. MS 356/33.

1905 April 04. Andrews Fred. Letter. [Abstract: As 'head man, Dyer Island', Andrews wrote to W.S. Bruce Esq., describing Gough Island and the prospect of diamonds being there. He refers to having kept a diary, but that this was burnt]. SPRI. Ref. MS 356/33.

1908 /09 (?). Penard E. Correspondence. [Abstract: Refers to the identification of the Gough Island mosses collected by the Scotia Expedition]. EUL, Special collections.

1910 June 26. Whitbourne A. Typed document. [Abstract: As 'formerly A.B.H.M.S. Royalist 1887', Whitbourne describes Gough Island as being 'smothered in bands of guano 8 yards deep'. The letter was sent by W.S. Ballantyne, to David Angus Esq.]. SPRI.

Maps & charts

1785 & 1792. Views of Goughs Is. Drawings by Charles Gough. Published by Dalrymple A. British Navy, London.

1785 & 1792. Views of Goughs Is. Drawings by Frederick Vincent. Published Dalrymple, A. British Navy, London.

NMM (c. 1792 edt. in bound atlas publication). BL, Map Collection listed holding the 1785 publication (Shelfmark: 435.k.17. [15]), but could not be traced.

1813 & 1816. An eye sketch of a supposed anchorage at Gough's Island. By Charles Richardson and L. Fitzmaurice. Engraved by J. Bateman; published by J. Horsburgh, London. HO. Ref: Cancelled copper pull D80, D94 & G162. BL, Map Collection, Shelfmark 147.e.18 [80], for 1816 sketch.

1852. Îles de Tristan–d'Acunha. Mouillage del'Ile Gough. BL, Map Collection, listed holding as Shelfmark: Maps H.F.SEC.9. [1340], but could not be found.

1868. South Atlantic. Anchorage of Gough Isle. Published by James Imray and Son. South Atlantic, 89 & 102 Minories, 1868. Admiralty, London. BL, Map Collection, Shelfmark: Maps 978. [41].

1887. Tristan da Cunha Group. Tristan Island surveyed by Captain Denham R.N.

1852, Inaccessible and Nightingale Islands by Captain Nares R.N., and the officers of H.M.S. Challenger, 1873. [Inset: Tristan Settlement and sketch of Gough Island.] NA, Dept. CO, Series 700, Piece St. Helena 11.

1922. Sketch of Gough Island. By Lieutenant J.P. Rollston, R.N. 1887. Insert in: Islands and Anchorages in the South Atlantic Ocean. Admiralty, London. BL, Map Collection, Shelfmark: Maps B.A.C.7. [1769].

1928. Island & Anchorages in the South Atlantic Ocean & Gough Island, surveyed by Comm. F.A. Worsley, R.N.R of the Quest R.Y.S. 1922. Admiralty Chart 1769. BL, Map Collection, Shelfmark: Maps B.A.C.7. [1769].

1957. Triangulation diagram of Gough Island. Produced by J.B. Heaney, published in Empire Survey Review 14(104), 63–73. (See Heaney J.B. 1957).

1957. Topographical map of Gough Island (colour). Surveyed by J.B. Heaney, assisted by M.W. Holdgate of the Gough Island Scientific Survey, November 1955 to May 1956. Published by the Royal Geographical Society, London.

1957. Gough Island [Chart]. Surveyed by J.B. Heaney, Esq., Gough Island Scientific Survey, 1956. Soundings by Com.dr R.T. Tripp, S.A.N., S.A.S. Transvaal, 1956.

1958. Gough Island geology, 1:40,000. Directorate of Overseas Surveys, United Kingdom, [1095]. Tolworth, Surrey.

1958. Geological map of Gough Island. Published in: Overseas Geology and Mineral Resources 7(4), 371–380. (See R.W. Le Maitre 1959).

1961. Vegetation map and profiles of Gough Island. Published in: Ecological Monographs 31(4), 337–367. (See N.M. Wace 1961).

1962. Geological sketch map of Gough Island, South Atlantic. Published in: Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 28(4), 393–404. (See Ollier C.D. 1984).

1963. Gough Island Chart, [SAN 23]. J.K. Mallory, South African Hydrographic Office, Mowbray, South Africa.

1970. Geological map of Gough Island. Published by: Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin & Stuttgart, in: Geology of the South Atlantic islands. (See Mitchell-Thomé Raoul C. 1970).

1975. Islands and anchorages in the South Atlantic Ocean, Chart No. 1769. Published by F.C. Learmouth, The Admiralty, London.

1984. Topographic map of Gough Island. Cartography by R. Boskovic. Published in: Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 28(4), 393–404. (See Ollier C.D. 1984). Drawn and photographed by Directorate of Overseas Surveys, based on the topographical map surveyed by the Gough Island Scientific Survey and published by the Royal Geographical Society.

1984. Geological map of Gough Island. Cartography by R. Boskovic. Published in: Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 28(4), 393–404. (See Ollier C.D. 1984).

1987. Geological map of Gough Island. Modified by Chevallier L., after Le Maitre (1960) & Ollier (1984). Published in: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 325–336. (See Chevallier L. 1987).

1987. Regional structure and environment of Gough Island: a) Structure of the South Atlantic ocean floor; b) Bathymetric chart of Gough Island fracture zone. Published in: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 33, 325–336. (See Chevallier L. 1987).

1988. Revised geological map of Gough Island. Based on the original map from Le Maitre (1960). Published in: Geological Magazine 125(2), 175–181. (See Maund J.G. et al. 1988).

1994. Islands and anchorages in the South Atlantic Ocean. Chart No. 1769. Re-published by F.C. Learmouth, The Admiralty, London, 18 Nov.

 

Visual material

Photographs

1904. Scotia Expedition to Gough Island. Photograph albums Vol. II. Prints 900–910.

Some prints of the pictures produced in book about the Scotia voyage.

EUL, Special collections

1919. Diamond prospecting at the Glen, Gough Island. Photographs taken by Roderick I. Garden.

A few small black and white prints, showing the activities of the diamond prospectors.

SPRI Picture library

1955–56. Gough Island Scientific Survey. Photographer J. Hall (& other members of the GISS?).

Entire collection of black and white prints and their negatives, showing the activities of the Gough Island Scientific Survey. SPRI Picture library.

1956–Present. Team photographs. Printed photographs (mainly black and white) of all the teams that have participated in SANAP expeditions to Gough Island. Mounted on the walls in the base building on Gough Island.

1998. Aspects of Gough Island, Tristan Da Cunha & the supply vessel SA Agulhas. Photographer and copyright holder, Christine Hänel. A collection of 172 colour slides (35 mm) depicting various aspects of life and landscapes on Gough Island (151 images); the Tristan da Cunha settlement (17 images); the SA Agulhas in Cape Town Harbour being loaded for trip to Gough and Tristan da Cunha. DEAT.

Other Gough images, by DEAT

Film & video

1956. Gough Island Scientific Survey. Filmed by J. Hall. 16-mm colour film converted to video. Shows the activities of the members of the Gough Island Scientific Survey and animal and bird life there. SPRI (video copy).

Postage stamps

1921–22. Shackleton–Rowett–Quest Expedition. Two rubber postmarks. 1) A single circle date stamp 'S-R Antarctic Expedition 1921'. 2) An oblong box cachet 'Gough Island'. These were applied to items franked with various British crown stamps depicting the head of King George V, including the 'Sea-horses' (2/6 half crown; 5/– and 10/– shillings) and several of the 1912–22 "coinage and medal heads" (½; 1; 1½ penny; 2; 3; 6 pence and 1 shilling).

1955–56. Gough Island Scientific Survey. Two rubber postmarks. 1) A single circle date stamp 'Gough Island, South Atlantic'. 2) An oblong box cachet 'Gough Island Scientific Survey 1955–1956'. These were in use from Dec. 1955–May 1957 and applied to covers franked with Tristan da Cunha stamps (incl. ½d to 4 d) and South African Stamps. In this time, 17 000 covers were serviced for philatelic purposes.

1980. 150th Anniversary ~ Royal Geographical Society. Four British stamps.

Drawings by Allan Crawford. 1) Islands of the mid-Atlantic ridge [5 P]. 2) Tristan da Cunha Islands surveyed by Francis Beaufort, R.N. in H.M.S. Woolwich, 1806. [10 P]. 3) Norwegian Scientific Expedition 1937–8 at Tristan da Cunha. [15 P]. 4) Gough Island map surveyed 1955–6 by the Gough Island Scientific Survey. [20 P].

1983. Gough Island Weather Station. Three Republic of South Africa (RSA) stamps. Artwork by D. Thorp. 1) Gough Base [8c]. 2) Weerwaarneemings [25c].

1987. Tristan da Cunha. Fauna. Four British stamps. 1) Flightless moth Dimorphinoctua cunhaensis & Edinburgh settlement [10 P]. 2) Strap-winged fly Tristanamyia frustulifera & the Crater Lake (of Tristan) [25 P]. 3) Flightless rail Atlantisia ragersi & Inaccessible Island [35 P]. 4) Gough Island moorhen Gallinula nesiotis & Gough Island [50 P].

1989. Tristan da Cunha–Gough Island. Five British stamps. [4×birds; 1×seal]. 1) Giant petrel (Northern race) Macronectes giganteus [5 P]. 2) Gough moorhen (Island cock) Gallinula comeri [10 P]. 3) Gough bunting Rowettia goughensis (Imm.)[20 P]. 4) Sooty albatross Phoebetria fusca [25 P]. 5) Amsterdam fur seal (sub-Antarctic fur seal) Arctocephalus tropicalis [50 P].

1996. Gough Island World Heritage Site. Four British stamps. All depicting birds. 1) Gough moorhen, Gallinula comeri [15 P]. 2) Wandering albatross, Diomedea exulans [20 P]. 3) Sooty albatross, Phoebetria fusca [45 P]. 4) Gough bunting, Rowettia goughensis [60 P].

1997. South African Bases in the Southern Ocean. Three South African stamps. 1) 'Gough Island Base' [R1.20], shows a flying Antarctic skua with an offshore stack (Lot's Wife?). 2) Marion Island Base [R1.70 c], shows a King penguin on the island's coastline. 3) SANAE Base [no value], shows a gaping leopard seal on the ice.

2005. Tristan da Cunha–Gough Island Series 2. Thirty-six British crown stamps. Depicted are the islands, flora and fauna of Gough, Tristan, Inaccessible, Nightingale, Middle and Stoltenhoff.

 

Newspaper articles

• The Times 1877, March 31. Disasters at sea. (News), p. 11.

• The Times 1877, Dec. 04. Wreck commissioner's court. The Cairo. (Law), p. 11.

• The Times 1879, Feb. 22. Disasters at sea. – Lloyd's agent at Cardiff tele- (News), p. 12.

• Cape Argus 1881. [Cited in Wace N. and Holdgate M.W. (1976), section 5.5.4. as referring to the taking of 8 tons of guano, 4000 penguin eggs and 151 sealskins from probably Gough Island].

• The Times 1886, Sep. 25. The loss of the Earl of Jersey. (Letters to the editor). David Brown, p. 6.

• The Times 1886, Nov. 09. Naval and military intelligence. (Official appointments and notices), p. 7.

• The Times 1886, Nov. 17. The ship Earl of Jersey. – All hope is not yet abandoned. (News), p. 4.

• The Times 1887, Feb. 10. The ship Earl of Jersey. – A Reuter telegram from Cape Town. (News), p. 5.

• The Times 1887, Feb. 14. The ship Earl of Jersey. – "J.W." writes. (News), Feb. 10, p. 3.

• Cape Times 1893, Feb. 17. From Tristan D'Acunha, p. 3.

• The Times 1904, Aug. 23. Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. (News). From a correspondent, p. 6.

• Cape Times weekly edition (?) 1904(?). [Cited by F. Andrews in his letter 1905 Jan. 28. as having published the visit of the Scotia Expedition to Gough].

• The Times 1905, Aug. 19. The British Association in South Africa. (News). From own correspondent, p. 4.

• Scotsman 1908, March 09. The South Atlantic Trading Company, Limited.

• The Times 1913, Sep. 01. The Inaccessible Islands. Whaling and other rights. (News 'Imperial & Foreign'), p. 6; p. 7.

• The Times 1921, Sep. 17. The sailing of the Quest. (Editorials/Leaders), p. 9.

• The Times 1922, Feb. 01. Shackleton's last days. A comrade's story. Quest continues her voyage. (News), p. 10.

• The Times 1922, Sep. 18. Voyage of the Quest. A great adventure. Valuable work for science. (News). From own special correspondent – Plymouth, p. 9.

• The Times 1929, May 28. Mails and Shipping. Casualty reports. (Shipping News). From Lloyd's, p. 27.

• The Times 1929, June 27. The missing Danish training ship. An island searched. (News). From own correspondent – Copenhagen, p. 15.

• The Times 1937, Dec. 01. Scientific studies on Tristan Da Cunha. Norwegian Expedition (News). From own correspondent, p. 15.

• The Times 1938, Dec. 19. Visit to Tristan da Cunha. First land survey. Inaccuracies in earlier charts. (News). From own correspondent – Portsmouth, p. 14.

• The Cape Argus (?) 1940s(?). "Treasure" at Gough.

• Bulawayo Sunday News 1948, Jan. 01. New island for South Africa. The Cape Argus 1951, Jan. 13. Union's weather service in Southern sea. Outpost is needed on Gough Island. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 13.

• Cape Times 1952, May 02. Russians landed on island. Russians visited Gough Island. Fishermen report signs of Slava landing. By Cape Times shipping correspondent, p. 1 & p. 14.

• The Times 1955, Sep. 02. Of Mice and Men. Subject for study on lonely Island. (News). From own correspondent, p. 4.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 03. Those mice on Gough Island make one think. (Topics of the Week). Michael Green, p. 6.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 03. 'Amateur doctor' for Gough Island trip, p. 3.

• Cape Times 1955, Sep. 10. Keen interest in Gough Island Expedition. Ronald MacBean, p. 10.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 12. Gough Island explorers due Thursday. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 1.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 13. Stravinsky for island's seals. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 9.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 15. Explorers will be cavemen. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 2.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 17. Up Table Mountain. They are practising for Gough Island. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 2.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 19. No seal stew in their cookery book. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 2.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 20. Photo caption: Four more for Gough Island party, p. 3.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 20. Scientist to be island barber. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 9.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 23. Flagship is ready for 'Boffins'. Photo caption: Warship loads stores for Gough, p. 9.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 24. We spent three days on Gough Island 33 years ago. The new expedition is due to sail from Simonstown on Monday in H.M.S. Magpie. Christopher Naisbitt. Magazine section, p. 11.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Sep. 26. Magpie given rousing send-off as she sails for Tristan. Photo caption: All on board for the islands. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 9.

• The Times 1955, Sep. 27. Gough Island weather station. (News in Brief). From own correspondent, p. 6.

• Cape Times 1955, Oct. 15. The rugged terrain of Gough Island. Weekend magazine, p. 1.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Nov. 21. Scientist's spine fractured. The Argus correspondent, .1.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Nov. 22. Gough man has to wait. The Argus correspondent, p. 1.

• The Cape Argus 1955, Nov. 22. Ship sought for Tristan. Gough leader may go back to Britain. The Argus correspondent, p. 1.

• The Times 1955, Nov. 22. Leader of Gough Island Expedition hurt. (News in brief), p. 7.

• The Times 1955, Dec. 12. Gough Island casualty landed in S. Africa. (News in brief). From own correspondent, p. 7.

• The Times 1956, May 21. Return from Gough Island. British party's success. (News). Reuter, p. 6.

• The Cape Argus 1956, May 21. Russians landed on Gough and left their names in the visitors' book. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 9.

• The Cape Argus 1956, May 23. Who wants to take Gough birds to Rand? Staff reporter, p. 2.

• The Cape Argus 1956, May 24. Ready-made outpost on Gough for Union weather men. The Argus shipping correspondent, p. 6.

• The Cape Argus 1956, May 24. Life on Gough Island. (Photo's), p. 10.

• The Cape Argus 1956, May 26. Three of Gough men must rough it again, p. 9.

• The Times 1956, June 12. Scientists back from Gough Island. Weather station set up. (News), p. 7.

• The Times and Daily Telegraph 1956, Sep. 10. A naturalist's paradise. Unique wild life of South Atlantic sanctuary.(News), J.B. Heaney, p. 9.

• The Times 1956, Oct. 22. (To-day's arrangements), p. 9. [Announcement of a talk at the Royal Geographical Society by John Heaney and Martin Holdgate on 'Expedition to Gough Island'].

• The Times 1956, Nov. 06. Scott Polar Research Institute. (News in brief), p. 12.

• The Times 1957, Jan. 18. Operation on board Royal yacht. Man from Gough Island. (News), p. 7.

• The Times 1957, Apr. 17. Royal Geographical Society awards. (Official Appointments and Notices), p. 12.

• The Times 1957, May 09. A natural history centenary. Cambridge pioneers. (News). From own special correspondent, p. 14.

• The Cape Argus 1958, Feb. 15. Lonely Gough. Miles Brokensha.

• The Chronicle 1958, March 07. Lonely Gough. Miles Brokensha. Weekend magazine, Bulawayo.

• The Times 1958, Oct. 03. A rare family party. London Zoo's Gough Island moorhens. (News), p. 12.

• The Cape Argus/Times ? 1961–66? Research ship with copter off to-morrow. Staff reporter.

• Evening Post (?) 1963, May 23. 'A journalist's diary': Southward ho! To the real Blikkiesdorp. Adam Brand.

• Evening Post (?) 1963, May 28. 'A journalist's diary': Gough islander would go back any time. Adam Brand.

• Evening Post 1963, June 29. Gough...a lovely island of death. J.T. McNish. Weekend magazine, p. 1.

• Evening Post 1963, July 06. Death from the sky. Friends and foes on Gough Island. J.T. McNish. Weekend magazine.

• Evening Post (?) 1963, Sep. 18. 'A journalist's diary': Somewhere on Gough is a lost man. Adam Brand.

• The Cape Argus 1963, Oct. 25. Landing the Tristaners is going to be difficult. Argus shipping.

• Die Burger 1963, Oct. 26. S.A. weerkundise se lyk kom per skip in Kaapstad aan. Front page; p. 3

• The Cape Times 1966, Nov. 25. United States Naval Super Constellation aircraft, due to fly over Gough. Front page.

• The Cape Argus 1966, Nov. 26. Lonely Gough has a caller from the skies – Giant U.S. Navy plane, p13.

• Herald (?) Port Elizabeth, 1969, June 30, Vol. 125(153). 'Safety measure' after bad weather reported. Navy sends help to met men. Teams cut off from each other on Gough Island. Herald correspondent.

• Die Burger 1969, June 30. Skip snel hulle te hulp. S.A. manne in nood op eiland, p. 1.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 01. Weather may stop rescue bid. (Sapa).

• Die Burger 1969, July 01. Reën fnuik soektog op Gough. Skip vaar makliker na twee vermistes. Deur ons Polisieverslaggewer, p. 1.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 01. Mother waits anxiously for news. Herald correspondent, Ottosdal.

• Die Burger 1969, July 02. Photo: Mnr J.G.S. Syffert, wat saam met 'n ander weerman, Mnr A.A.S. Grobler, op Gough-eiland van hul makkers afgesny is, p. 13.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 02. No contact yet with Gough search party. By Herald correspondent.

• Die Burger 1969, July 03. Geen teken van Gough-manne. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 1.

• Die Burger 1969, July 03. Photos: Reddingspoging, p. 13.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 03. Royal Naval tanker sails to aid rescue. Island search for men fails. Copter-carrier destroyer arrives at Gough today.

• Die Burger 1969, July 04. Leidrade gevind op Gough in soektog. Soekers kom op rugsak af. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer en Sapa, p. 1.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 04. Helicopters to comb island today. Hopes rise for weather-men. Searchers find candle and knapsack. By Herald correspondent, Johannesburg.

• Herald 1969, July 05. Search groups plan to comb Gough today. Photo: Members of Gough Island team.

• Evening Post (?) 1969, July 05. Stormy, cruel Gough Island. Keith Dimbleby, Evening Post staff reporter.

• Post 1969, July 05. Island search intensified. Gulls reduce hope for missing pair. Sapa, Pretoria.

• Die Burger 1969, July 07. S.A. skop help nog 7 dae in soektog. Tristan se honde van vandag op Gough. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer. Headlines, p. 1 & 13.

• The Times 1969, July 07. In Brief. Two missing on Atlantic Island. (News in brief), p. 4.

(South African Newspaper) (Port Elizabeth ?) 1969, July 07. Search parties await Tristan guides.

• Die Burger 1969, July 08. Tristan se mense kom help op Gough. Meer as 50 man soek heeldag – maar niks! Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer. Headlines, p. 1 & 13.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 08. R.N. ship in hunt for missing men. 12 Tristans sail for Gough. Herald correspondent, Cape Town.

• Die Burger 1969, July 09.Waarheen was vermisted op pad? p. 1 & p. 15.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 09. Gale halts search on island. Herald correspondent, Cape Town.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 09. Search goes on for weather man.

• Die Burger 1969, July 10. Soektog verder bemoeilik. Sneeu val op Gough. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 1.

• Die Burger 1969, July 11. Gure weer duur voort. Tristan-manne aan wal gesit op Gough. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 4.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 11. Team from Tristan gets ashore on Gough. (Sapa).

• Die Burger 1969, July 12. Soektog op Gough eindig. 2 lyke gevind. Vermistes dood op pad terug na basis. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer. Headlines, p. 1 & p. 9.

• Herald 1969, July 12. Tragic find by Tristan party. Gough bodies lay facing new base. Herald correspondent, Cape Town.

• Herald (?) 1969, July 12. R.S.A. to fetch bodies from Gough Island. (Sapa).

• The Times 1969, July 12. Meteorologists found dead. (News in brief), p. 1.

• Die Beeld 1969, July 13. Weermanne tydelik begrawe op Gough.

• Die Burger 1969, July 14. R.S.A. Vertrek eers vrydag. Skepe kom terug van Gough. Deur ons skeepsverlaggewer, p. 1.

• Die Burger 1969, July 14. Ennerdale dedank. Britse helper by Gough vandag in Kaap. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 10.

• Die Burger 1969, July 16. Britse kaptein prys S.A. skip se bemanning. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 9.

• Cape Times 1969, July 17. Four days passed before S.A.N. sent to Gough. Anon.

• Die Burger 1969, July 17. S.A. vlootskip terug van Gough – verhale van ontbering, moed. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 11.

• Cape Times 1969, July 18. Consul denies Gough 'hush-up'. Anon.

• Die Burger 1969, July 18. Twee weermanne vertrek na Gough. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 5.

• Die Burger 1969, July 18. Simon van der Stel terug van Gough-soektog, p. 27.

• Die Burger 1969, July 21. S.A. vloot leen offisiere aan die R.S.A. Masjiniste geleen aan R.S.A. Deur ons skeepsverslaggewer, p. 7.

• Die Burger 1969, July 22. Photo: P.W. Sandiford, radiotechnitian who left for Gough Island, p. 9.

• Post 1973, Dec.18. Sorry to leave rugged and lonely island. Camilla Harrison, Post reporter.

• The Times 1977, July 27. Britain urged to fish the South Atlantic. (News). Ronald Kershaw, p. 6.

• Die Burger & Beeld, bylae 1981, March 21. Groot rol vir klein eiland. J. Du Plessis, pp.6 & 7.

• The Argus 1982, Dec. SA research team to study world's islanders. Chris Erusmus, Argus science reporter.

• The Argus 1983, Feb. 08. New crane for Gough Island weather base. B. Goddard.

• Die Burger 1984, Oct. 17. Aflosspan vertrek na Gough. Photo: Die nuwe aflosspan vir die weerstasie of Gough-eiland ......

• The Times 1985, Nov. 22. Historic sites listed for heritage status. (News), p. 5.

• The Argus 1985, Dec. 03. Mercurial skuas puzzle Bob and Sue. The environmental reporter.

• Die Burger 1988, June 10. SA man by Gough-eiland vermis. Anon.

• Die Burger 1988, June 11. Man nog soek op Gough. Anon.

• Die Burger 1988, June 14. Hoop vir vermiste op Gough laat vaar. Anon.

• Die Burger 1989, May 03. Africana terug ná navorsingsvaart suid van Kaap. Anon.

• Die Burger 1989, Dec. 29. Toe vat rob 'paar happe' uit man se been. Anon.

• Die Burger 1990, April 06. SA skip op pad na eiland. Anon.

• Die Burger 1990, Oct. 30. Weerspan terug van Gough-eiland. Anon.

• Die Burger 1991, June 26. Jong pelsrob eet self: straks gou terug na koue tuiswater. Anon.

• Die Burger 1993, Feb. 13. Vloot bring siek weerman na SA. Anon.

• The Argus 1993, Sep. 17. Rescue bid after 40 abandon freighter. J. Schrönen.

• Weekend Argus 1993, Sep. 18. Life raft gives Russians hope. Sapa Reuter.

• The Argus 1993, Sep. 20. Search for missing seamen called off. R. Friedman.

• Die Burger 1994, Sep. 09. Gough-eiland weerspan groet SA vir veertien maande. Anon.

• The Times 1994, Oct. 19. Outpost of empire likely to win world heritage status; Gough Island, p. 11.

• Beeld 1995, Aug. 08. Sewe vrygeselle leer bak, brou vir jaar op ysige Gough-eiland. Anon.

• Die Burger 1995, Aug. 08. Avonturiers maak hulle reg vir Gough. Anon.

• The Argus 1996, Jan. 29. Gough gets UN recognition. Environmental reporter, p. 10.

• Die Burger 1996, Feb. 20. Gough-eiland se nuwe status laat 'n skuiwergat vir beheerde. Anon.

• Die Burger 1996, Feb. 20. Weerstasie op Gough. Anon.

• Die Burger 1996, Feb. 20. Assegaaie. Anon.

• Die Burger 1996, Sep. 24. Vloot help met Gough-eiland vaart. Anon.

• Die Burger 1996, Sep. 25. Vlootskip help uit met eilandvaart. Anon.

• Cape Argus 1997, March 26. Vital message in a R15 000 bottle.

• Sunday Times 1997, Oct. 02. Ship slip-up could mean the cold shoulder for SA.

• The Mail & Guardian 1999, April 09. Into the wild: Expedition Gough Island. C. De Villiers.

• The Mail & Guardian 1999, April 14. Black, female and an explorer. C. De Villiers.

• Die Burger 1999, Dec. 23. SA span op verre eiland hou eie fees. By K. Louwrens.

• Die Burger 1999, Dec. 24. SA span op verre eiland hou eie fees. Anon.

• Beeld 1999, Dec. 24. Antarktika – Span speel dubbele rolle in kersspel. Anon.

• Die Burger 1999, Dec. 24. Eilandbewoners vier Kersfees met 'dubbele rolle'. Anon.

• Cape Times 2000, Feb. 07. Tristan cracks down on kreef poachers. Gasant Abarder. (Sapa).

• Cape Argus 2000, Nov. 24. Marooned in the loneliest place on earth. Navy races to rescue marooned fishermen. Henri du Plessis, p. 1.

• Die Burger 2000, Nov. 25. Drie skipbreukelinge wag steeds op redding. Anon.

• The Citizen 2000, Nov. 25. SA ship rescue mission to island. Eleanor Momberg, p. 5.

• Sunday Times 2000, Nov. 26. MAYDAY. Navy's frantic bid to save stranded fisherman. Bonny Schoonakker, p. 1.

• The Star 2000, Nov. 26. SAS Protea to attempt perilous rescue. Melanie Gosling.

• Cape Times 2000, Nov. 27. Race to save stranded men on Gough Island. Melanie Gosling, p. 3.

• The Citizen 2000, Nov. 27. Trapped sailors anxiously await SA rescue mission. Thulani Msimang, p. 1.

• The Mercury & Daily News 2000, Nov. 27. SAS Protea off to rescue stranded fishermen. Patrick Leeman & Sapa.

• The Star 2000, Nov. 27. Stranded fishermen cling to life. Air team from SAS Protea will attempt perilous rescue. Melanie Gosling, p. 1.

• Cape Argus 2000, Nov. 27. SA ship set to rescue men on Gough Island.

• Cape Times 2000, Nov. 28. Men plucked from ghastly Gough Island ordeal. Melanie Gosling.

• The Citizen 2000, Nov. 28. Sailors' lives rest with SAS Protea. Thulani Msimang, p. 1.

• Daily News 2000, Nov. 28. Ship speeds off to save marooned three today.

• South African Press Association 2000, Nov. 28. Marooned fishermen 'safe and sound'.

• Cape Argus 2000, Nov. 28. Gough Island rescue hours away. Henri Du Plessis.

• Die Burger 2000, Nov. 29. Drie gestrande Kaapse vissers deur SAS Protea van Gougheiland gered. Janice Ohlson en Kobus Louwrens, p. 1.

• Cape Times 2000, Nov. 29. Fishermen safe after dramatic rescue. Three airlifted from remote island. Melanie Gosling, p. 1.

• Cape Times 2000, Nov. 29. British to investigate Gough Island drownings. Melanie Gosling.

• Cape Argus 2000, Nov. 29. Rescued fishermen on way back to Cape Town. Henri du Plessis.

• The Times 2000, Nov. 29. Three saved from island, p. 21.

• Cape Times 2000, Nov. 30. Sea rescue an example to all. Anon, p. 10.

• Cape Argus 2000, Nov. 30. Tears of joy and relief for rescued fishermen. Jeanne van der Merwe and Elliot Sylvester.

• Die Burger 2000, Dec. 01. Reddingsdaad, p. 10.

• Cape Times 2000, Dec. 03. Tears flow as saved fishermen touch dry land. Melanie Gosling.

• Die Beeld 2000, Dec. 03. Tandmuis glimlag blink op Gough-eiland. Anon.

• Die Beeld 2000, Dec. 03. Blye weersiens vir 2 ná Gough-nagmerrie. Anon.

• Sunday Times 2000, Dec. 03. Rescued fisherman wants to recover at sea. Bonny Schoonakker, p. 1.

• South African Press Association 2000, Dec. 03. Gough islanders reunited with families. Bill Blumenfeld.

• Die Burger 2000, Dec. 04. Vissers se stryd teen rotte, robbe onthul. Kobus Louwrens, p. 1.

• Die Burger 2000, Dec. 04. Redding 'wys noodsaak van vloot'. Kobus Louwrens, p. 3.

• Die Burger 2000, Dec. 04. Muis op Gough gaps gestrande se kunstande. By K. Louwrens.

• Die Burger 2000, Dec. 04. Pikkewyne op eiland gebraai om te oorleef. Anon.

• Cape Argus 2000, Dec. 04. Sweet homecoming as rescue ship docks in city. Survivors tell of rats, lost teeth and 'terrible' penguin eggs. Elliott Sylvester, p. 3.

• Cape Argus 2000, Dec. 04. When the original Protea dashed to an island rescue. The shipping news. Henri du Plessis, p. 5.

• Cape Argus 2000, Dec. 04. Two of the three Cape Town fishermen rescued from Gough Island last week have been reunited with their families. Anon, p. 15.

• The Star 2000, Dec. 04. Fishermen back home, relieve Gough Island ordeal. Anon, p. 1.

• The Star 2000, Dec. 05. One (n)ice effort, p. 14.

• The Economist 2000, Dec. 23. New flora and fauna for old, p. 17.

• Cape Argus 2001, March 13. Giant seal pursues dinner into bay. Yunus Kemp, p. 3.

• Die Burger 2001, Sep. 06. Geskiedkundige span van ses lede na Gough-eiland. Eerste navorsingspan met vrouekapelaan. Jorisna Bonthuys, p. 6.

• Die Burger 2002, Feb. 15. See-olifant bring weer besoek aan Kaapstad. Jan Taljaard, p. 10.

• The Independent 2002, Oct. 30. Antarctica's hungry birds seek shelter off Britain. By Brian Unwin.

• Die Volksblad 2003, Sep. 24. Dié navorsers nou ook op eiland. Ivor Price.

• Die Burger 2003, Sep. 24. Voorspoedige reis, Agulhas.

• Die Burger 2003, Nov. 18. Boot na Gough-eiland om weerstasie te herstel. Malixole Gwatyu.

• Die Burger 2003, Nov. 18. Storm beskadig weerstasie op Gough-eiland.

• Agency 2004, June 30. UNESCO approves extension of three natural sites on World Heritage List. Comtex News Network, Inc.

• Cape Argus 2004, Sep. 02. 50 years later, Gough Island weather team hails pioneers. John Yeld. Environment writer, p. 12.

• Burger 2004, Sep. 03. Vyftigste SA span op pad na Gough-eiland. Ziegfried Ekron, p. 14.

• Cape Argus 2004, Sep. 09. Killer mice threaten giant birds. By John Yeld, p. 17.

• The Times 2005, July 25. Giant mice eat rare seabirds alive, p. 15.

• Sunday Argus 2005, July 31. Battling the giant killer mice of Gough Island. Michael Hanlon, p. 10.

• Cape Times 2005, Aug. 02. Expert to see if killer mice can be eradicated. Melanie Gosling, p. 4.

• Burger 2005, Aug. 03. Gough-eiland: Seevoëlkolonies bedreig: Reuse-muise maai onder albatrosse. Jorisna Bonthuys, p. 11.

 

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Abbreviations for institution names
BL, British Library, London, U.K.
DEAT, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Directorate: Antarctica & Islands, Pretoria and Cape Town, South Africa.
EUL, Edinburgh University Library, Edinburgh, U.K.
HO, Hydrographic Office, Somerset, U.K.
NA, The National Archives, Kew, U.K.
NMM, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, U.K.
SPRI, Scot Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, U.K.
SAWS, South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa.