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Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

versão On-line ISSN 2411-9717
versão impressa ISSN 0038-223X

J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. vol.110 no.12 Johannesburg Dez. 2010




Ferroalloy design, ferroalloy selection and utilization optimization with particular focus on stainless steel materials



C.-J. Rick; M. Engholm

Uvån Hagfors, Teknologi AB, Sweden




The ferroalloy market is characterized by a very long communication distance between the consumer and the producer. This has created a situation where it has been difficult to change ferroalloy properties. In this paper different FeNi and FeCrcompositions are discussed and their merits for stainless steelmakers in different situations are compared using the process models applied at Outokumpus Avesta works and Acerinox's Columbus operation.

Keywords: erroalloy design, ferrochrome, ferronickel, stainless steel making, UTCAS software



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1.         [ Links ]

2.         [ Links ]

3. Outokumpu's second quarter 2009 interrim report; July 23, 2009.         [ Links ]

4. Rick, C.J. and Engholm, M. Control and optimisation of material additions throughout the AOD refining cycle, Steelsim 2009, Leoben, Austria, 2009.         [ Links ]

5. SJÖBERG, P. Some Aspects on Scrap Based Production of Stainless Steels, Ph.D. Thesis KTH, Stockholm, Sweden, 1994        [ Links ]

6. 2009-07-29.         [ Links ]

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