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Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

versão On-line ISSN 2411-9717
versão impressa ISSN 0038-223X

J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. vol.109 no.11 Johannesburg Nov. 2009




Modernization of the BCL smelter



A.C. Legg; L. Ntsipe; M. Bogopa; G. Dzinomwa

BCL Limited, Botswana




BCL Limited operates a nickel-copper flash smelting operation at Selebi-Phikwe, situated in north-eastern Botswana. The original furnace was commissioned in 1973 and produces a high grade sulphide matte, from its own concentrates plus additional custom feeds, which is shipped to refineries in Zimbabwe and Norway for further processing.
In 2004 the company embarked on a study to modernize the flash smelting complex, with an emphasis on extending campaign life, improving the furnace integrity and enhancing throughput and process efficiency. First phase initiatives from this exercise, including the fundamental switch to a single concentrate burner operation of the flash smelting furnace, were implemented in July 2007.
This paper summarizes experiences prior to implementation, details the specific improvements made to the flash smelting furnace and associated operations, highlights the improved plant performance after modernization, and outlines second phase expansion plans that are currently under consideration.



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MALEMA, M.T. and LEGG, A.C. Recent Improvements at the BCL Smelter, Paper presented at the 11th International Flash Smelting Congress, Bulgaria/Spain, 1995.         [ Links ]

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