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Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
Print version ISSN 0038-223X

J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. vol.109 n.7 Johannesburg Jul. 2009




Optimization of shovel-truck system for surface mining



S.G. ErcelebiI; A. BascetinII

IIstanbul Technical University, Mining Engineering Department, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
IIIstanbul University, Engineering Faculty, Mining Engineering Department, Avc
ılar, Istanbul, Turkey




In surface mining operations, truck haulage is the largest item in the operating costs, constituting 50 to 60% of the total. In order to reduce this cost, it is necessary to allocate and dispatch the trucks efficiently. This paper describes shovel and truck operation models and optimization approaches for the allocation and dispatching of trucks under various operating conditions. Closed queuing network theory is employed for the allocation of trucks and linear programming for the purpose of truck dispatching to shovels. A case study was applied for the Orhaneli Open Pit Coal Mine in Turkey. This approach would provide the capability of estimating system performance measures (mine throughput, mean number of trucks, mean waiting time, etc.) for planning purposes when the truck fleet is composed of identical trucks. A computational study is presented to show how choosing the optimum number of trucks and optimum dispatching policy affect the cost of moving material in a truckshovel system.

Keywords: Open pit mine, equipment selection, dispatching, linear programming, closed queuing network theory



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