On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. vol.109 n.4 Johannesburg Apr. 2009
Age-hardening of the aluminium alloy EN 4017
D.B. Swanepoel; W.E. Stumpf
Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Hulamin Rolled Products (Ltd) developed a high Mn and Si containing alloy, EN 4017, as a scrap consuming alloy from the waste generated in producing their range of clad products for brazing of inter alia automotive heat exchangers. The multifaceted composition of this alloy (Al-1.2% Si-1.1% Mn -0.2% Mg-0.26% u) suggested that it might display some degree of strengthening via precipitate formation of the Mg2Si-types. The ageing isotherms constructed showed that EN 4017 with 0.19% Mg reached a lower peak strength (YS~210 MPa and UTS~260 MPa) compared to the EN 4017 material with 0.43% Mg (YS~270 MPa and TS~325 MPa). The higher Mg variant of EN 4017 was comparable with the age-hardenable reference alloy EN 6061. Selected area electron diffraction (SAED) studies proved that the microstructure of age hardened EN 4017 contained a combination of â', â" and U2-phase after being aged at 175ºC for 65 h. The general microstructure contained precipitate free zones as well as grain boundary Si films, although these did not lead to significant embrittlement. The role of Mn dispersoids in the fracture mechanism of 4017 is also discussed. The article will continually compare the behaviour of EN 4017 with that of EN 6061.
Keywords: age-hardening, dispersoids, magnesium silicide, precipitate free zones
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