SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.108 número4Calcium and magnesium rejection from sulphate solutions in lateritic nickel solvent extraction using Versatic 10 acid-LIX®84-IC systemThe effect of particle sizes and solids concentration on the rheology of silica sand based suspensions índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados



Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

versión On-line ISSN 2411-9717
versión impresa ISSN 0038-223X

J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. vol.108 no.4 Johannesburg abr. 2008




Computational fluid dynamic modelling of two phase flow in a hydrocyclone



M.J. LeeuwnerI; J.J. EksteenII

IDepartment of Process Engineering, University of Stellenbosch
IICorresponding author




Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modelling is used to research the complex flow structures that exist in a hydrocyclone. By simulation of a two phase (water and air) flow system, the internal flow and multiphase interactions are investigated. The suitability of CFD modelling as a design tool is further evaluated by examining the effect of varying device dimensions. Three hydrocyclone geometries, used in previous studies, are specified. A transient simulation approach, which employs the Reynolds Stress Model as turbulence model and the Volume of Fluid model as multiphase model, is followed. Results are validated qualitatively against experimental measurements from the previous studies.

Keywords: CFD modelling, hydrocyclone, Reynolds stress model, multiphase flow



“Full text available only in PDF format”




1 NARASIMHA, M., SRIPRIYA, R., and BANERJEE, P.K. CFD modelling of hydrocyclone-prediction of cut size, International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 75, 2005, p. 53-68.         [ Links ]

2 DYAKOWSKI, T. and WILLIAMS, R.A. Modelling turbulence flow within a small diameter hydrocyclone, Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 48, 1993, p. 211-244.         [ Links ]

3 DLAMINI, M.F., POWELL, M.S., and MEYER, C.J. A CFD simulation of a single phase hydrocyclone flow field, The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, vol. 105, 2005, p. 711-717.         [ Links ]

4 MONREDON, T.C., HSIEH, K.T., and RAJAMANI, R.K. Fluid flow model of the hydrocyclone: an investigation of device dimensions, International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 35, 1992, p. 65-83.         [ Links ]

5 SLACK, M., DEL PORTE, S., and ENGELMAN, M.S. Designing automated computational fluid dynamics tools for hydrocyclone design, Minerals Engineering, vol. 17, 2004. p. 705-711.         [ Links ]

6 FLUENT, FLUENT 6.3 User Manual, Available at:, Date accessed: 8 May 2007.         [ Links ]

7 NARASIMHA, M., BRENNAN, M., and HOLTHAM, P.N. Large eddy simulation of hydrocyclone-prediction of air-core diameter and shape, International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 80, 2006, p. 1-14.         [ Links ]

8 DLAMINI, M.F. Application of CFD to hydrocyclone flow prediction, Master Thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa, 2004.         [ Links ]

9 CULLIVAN, J.C., WILLIAMS, R.A., and CROSS, C.R. Understanding the hydrocyclone separator through computational fluid dynamics, Transactions Institute Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 81, 2003, p. 455-466.         [ Links ]

10 KELSALL, D.F. A study of the motion of solid particles in a hydraulic cyclone, Transactions Institute Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 30, 1952. p. 87-104.         [ Links ]



Paper written on project work carried out in partial fulfillment of MSc Eng (Mineralprocessing. Eng.) degree

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons