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Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

versão On-line ISSN 2219-0635
versão impressa ISSN 0030-2465

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.76 no.4 Pretoria  2009




Comparative histopathology of the lymph nodes, spleen, liver and kidney in experimental ovine trypanosomosis



S.O. OmotainseI; V.O. AnosaII

IVeterinary & Livestock Studies Division, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research, PMB 03, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria. Current address: Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, PMB 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria
IIDepartment of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria




The infection of Yankassa rams with three important trypanosome species affecting livestock, namely, Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivaxand T. bruceiproduced both acute and chronic fatal conditions. Chronic infections were induced in the three infections by the application of subcurative doses of diaminazene aceturate (Berenil®). Pathological changes in the infected animals included splenomegaly and hepatomegaly which were more pronounced in acute than in chronic T. congolense infection. However, these changes were more severe in chronic than in acute T. vivax infection. While splenomegaly was more pronounced in chronic T. brucei infection than in acute, hepatomegaly and lymphadenopathy were more severe in acute than in the chronic condition. The increases in size of the spleen, lymph nodes and liver were associated with congestion, increases in cell density related to increased immunological reactions in the spleen and lymph nodes as well as increase in numbers, size and activity of the phagocytic cells in these organs.

Keywords: Comparative pathology, experimental trypanosomosis, ovine



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Accepted for publication 14 April 2009-Editor



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