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Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

On-line version ISSN 2219-0635

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.76 n.3 Cape Town  2009

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

Prevalence of bovine cysticercosis and hydatidosis in Jimma municipal abattoir, South West Ethiopia

 

 

T. TolosaI; W. TigreI; G. TekaI; P. DornyII, III

IJimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box, 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
IILaboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
IIIDepartment of Animal Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium

 

 


ABSTRACT

A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of bovine cysticercosis and hydatidosis was conducted from October 2007 to March 2008 in cattle slaughtered at the Jimma municipal abattoir. Cyst distribution and viability of bovine cysticercosis and hydatidosis were also determined. A total of 512 carcasses were inspected of which 15 (2.93%) and 161 (31.44%) were infected with Taenia saginata metacestodes and hydatid cysts, respectively. From a total of 109 cysticerci collected from infected carcasses, 47 (43.12 %) were viable. The anatomical distribution of the cysticerci was, shoulder muscle (39.5°%), heart (33.9 %), neck muscle (13.8°%), tongue (10.1°%), masseter muscles (1.8°%) and diaphragm (0.9°%). Of the 1171 hydatid cysts collected 223 (19.0°%) were fertile, 505 (43.1 °%) sterile, 49 (29.8 °%) calcified and 94 (8.0 °%) contained pus. A greater proportion of fertile cysts were found in the lungs than in other organs. It was concluded that these zoonotic cestodes deserve due attention to safeguard public health, and that further studies are needed on genotyping, epidemiology and public health importance of Echinococcus granulosus in the study area.

Keywords: Cattle, cysticercosis, Echinococcus granulosus, Ethiopia, hydatidosis, prevalence, Taenia saginata


 

 

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Accepted for publication 16 March 2009-Editor

 

 

* Author to whom correspondence is to be directed. E-mail: pdorny@itg.be

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