On-line version ISSN 2219-0635
Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.76 n.1 Cape Town 2009
Senior Programme Manager, SADC Secretariat, P. Box 0095, Gaborone, Botswana
As from 2001, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) has embarked on a course to deepen regional integration through restructuring. Under the new structure SADC has centralised the coordination of its activities to the Secretariat in Gaborone. The former Sector Coordinating Units have been merged into four directorates, one of which is the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Directorate, which comprises, amongst others, the Livestock Development Unit (LDU).
The LDU, under the aegis of the FANR, formulates policies for regional livestock development in order to respond to the objectives of the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP), and which are mainly to:
• Contribute to improved food security.
• Promote wealth creation.
• Enhance rural livelihood.
• Enhance livestock as a tradable and consumable commodity.
Following the launch of the SADC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations, the eight SADC EPA member states identified sanitary and phytosanitary and technical barriers to trade to be major trade barriers for access to international markets, especially the EU market where standards are normally set beyond international standards. SADC has already brought some of the issues related to beef exports to the OIE Regional Commission for Africa as SADC member states feel that a few of the present requirements do not have a scientific basis.
The paper discusses the process that the LDU follows in the formulation of policies and strategies in regional livestock development with the objective of bolstering intra and extra regional trade in livestock and livestock products.
“Full text available only in PDF format”
COMESA 2006. Report on the state of integration in COMESA. 11th Summit of the COMESA Heads of State and Government, Djibouti, 16 November 2006. [ Links ]
MEITE, V. 2008. Competitiveness enhancement of ACP business in the EPA context. Sunday Standard, Botswana. Eaf-info@ cde.int [ Links ]
SADC 2000. Proceedings of a Community Building Workshop on Crops, Livestock Production and Animal Disease Control, Food Security, and Research and Training, Gaborone, 3-5 July 2000. Gaborone, Botswana: SADC Secretariat. [ Links ]
SADC 2004. Protocol on Trade. Gaborone, Botswana: SADC Secretariat. SADC Policy briefing. 2008. Transboundary animal diseases and market access: future options for the beef industry in Southern Africa, 7 and 8 April 2008, Pretoria, South Africa. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies. [ Links ]
SADC 2008. SADC Handbook on free trade area, growth development and wealth creation. Gaborone, Botswana: SADC Secretariat [ Links ]
THOMSON, G.R. et. al. 2004. International trade in livestock and livestock products: the need for a commodity-based approached. The Veterinary Record, 2 October 2004. [ Links ]
THOMSON, G.R. 2008. A short overview of regional positions on foot and mouth disease control in Southern Africa in Trans-boundary animal diseases and market access: future options for the beef industry in Southern Africa. Working paper 2, Brighton: Institute of Development studies. [ Links ]