SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.76 issue1Veterinary education in Africa: Current and future perspectivesThe future of private veterinary practice in South Africa author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

On-line version ISSN 2219-0635
Print version ISSN 0030-2465

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.76 n.1 Cape Town  2009

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

Field services: Eradication and control of animal diseases

 

 

B.M. Modisane

Deputy Director-General, Disaster Management and Veterinary Services National Department of Agriculture, Pretoria, South Africa

 

 


ABSTRACT

Prevention, eradication and control of animal diseases, as well as public health assurance are major functions of veterinary authorities. The strategies to control animal diseases differ from disease to disease but are often similar on a disease basis from country to country depending on the main objective of the measure employed. These measures include among others movement control and quarantine, vaccination, treatment and mass slaughtering. However, not every country uses all these control measures at the same time. A combination of measures may be employed to avoid spreading of the disease from infected to clean animals and success is dependent on a variety of factors, including the strength and capacity of the veterinary services, cross border efforts for disease surveillance, political will, diagnostic facilities and financial support.


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

REFERENCES

GE, L., MOURITS, M.C.M. & HUIRNE, R.B.M. 2007. Towards flexible decision support in the control of animal epidemics. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 26:551-563.         [ Links ]

MATOUCH, O., VITASEK, J., SEMERAD, Z. & MALENA, M. 2007. Rabies-free status of the Czech Republic after 15 years of oral vaccination. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 26: 577-584.         [ Links ]

McLEOD, A. & RUSHTON, J. 2007. Participatory epidemiology in disease surveillance and research economics of animal vaccination. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 26:313-326.         [ Links ]

NTONDINI, Z., VAN DALEN, E.M.S. & HORAK, I.G. 2008. The extent of acaricide resistance in 1-, 2- and 3-host ticks on communally grazed cattle in the eastern region of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 70:130-135.         [ Links ]

PASTORET, P., LOMBARD, M. & SCHUDEL, A. 2007. Animal vaccination, Parts 1 and 2. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 26, April & August 2007.         [ Links ]

PERRY, B.D. & SONES, K.R. 2007. Epidemiological-economic support tools to control FMD in South American endemic settings, in Global Roadmap for improving the tools to control Foot and Mouth Disease in endemic settings. Nairobi: ILRI.         [ Links ]

SCOTT, A., ZEPEDA, C., GARBER, L., SMITH, J., SWAYNE, D., RHORER, A., KELLAR, J., SHIMSHONY, A., BATHO, H., CAPORALE, V. & GIOVANNINI, A. 2006. The concept of compartmentalisation. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 25:873-879.         [ Links ]

SCUDAMORE, J.M. 2007. Consumer attitudes to vaccination of food-producing animals. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 26:451-459.         [ Links ]

VANNIER, P., CAPUA, I., LE POTIER, M.F., MacKAY D.K.F., MUYLKENS, B., PARIDA, S., PATON, D.J. & THIRY, E. 2007. Marker vaccines and the impact of their use on diagnosis and prophylactic measures. OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 26:351-372.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License