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Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

On-line version ISSN 2219-0635
Print version ISSN 0030-2465

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.75 n.4 Pretoria  2008




Epidemiological survey on gastro-intestinal and blood-borne helminths of dogs in north-east Gabon



B. DavoustI; T. NormandII, V; O. BourryIII; H. DangII; E. LeroyIII, IV; G. BourdoiseauII

IDirection régionale du service de santé des armées de Toulon, BP 80, 83800 Toulon Armées, France E-mail:
IILaboratoire de parasitologie, Ecole nationale vétérinaire de Lyon BP 83, 69280 Marcy l'Etoile, France
IIICentre international de recherches médicales, BP 769, France-ville, Gabon
IVInstitut de recherche pour le développement, UR034, Paris, France
VService vétérinaire, Centre national d'instruction cynophile de la Gendarmerie, 46500 Gramat, France




A survey of helminth parasites was carried out on 198 dogs living in almost complete liberty in villages in the northeast of Gabon. Faeces and blood samples were collected and analysed. Dirofilaria immitis antigen was detected in 13.6 % of dogs using the SNAP 3Dx® test, a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Faecal examination revealed that 91.4 % of dogs were infected by intestinal helminths. Ascarids were found in 58.5 % of the samples. Trichuris vulpis was observed in 49.5 %> of cases, and Uncinaria spp. and Ancylostoma spp. in 34.8 %>, Spirocerca lupi in 25.3 % and Capillaria spp. in 10.6 %. Cestode embryophores were found in 8.6 % of the samples.

Keywords: Dirofilariosis, dog, faecal examination, Gabon, helminths, intestinal parasite infection, zoonosis



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Accepted for publication 14 August 2008-Editor



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