SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.75 issue3Cercariae developing in Lymnaea natalensis Krauss, 1848 collected in the vicinity of Pretoria, Gauteng Province, South AfricaRelative economic benefits of tactical anthelmintic treatment and urea-molasses block supplementation of Boer goats raised under extensive grazing conditions at Onderstepoort, Pretoria, South Africa author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

On-line version ISSN 2219-0635

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.75 n.3 Cape Town  2008

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

 

The helminth community of Helmeted Guineafowls, Numida meleagris (Linnaeus, 1758), in the north of Limpopo Province, South Africa

 

 

K. JunkerI; L. DebushoII; J. BoomkerI

IDepartment of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
IIDepartment of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Private Bag, South Africa

 

 


ABSTRACT

The helminths of 15 Helmeted Guineafowls were collected in the north of Limpopo Province, South Africa. A total of 11 cestode, ten nematode and a single acanthocephalan species were present. Species richness ranged from 8 to 16 species per host, and nine core and nine secondary species accounted for 40.9 % of the component parasite community. The remaining 18.2 % comprised satellite species. Core species represented 91 % of all the worms present. Individual intensities ranged from 66 to 2 724 per host and overdispersion was pronounced. There were no significant differences regarding the abundance and species richness between male and female hosts. The number of component species and overall abundance did not differ significantly between juvenile and adult hosts, but Cyrnea parroti was significantly more abundant, and the prevalence of Hadjelia truncata was higher in young birds than in adults. In contrast, Gongylonema congolense and Porogynia paronai were absent in juveniles, but had a prevalence of 60 % and 70 %, respectively, in adults. Pairwise Spearman's rank correlation yielded one positive and 10 negative significant species correlations. A single trematode, Dicrocoelium macrostomum, was collected from five of nine guineafowls, but was not included in the helminth community study.

Keywords: Acanthocephala, Cestoda, Helmeted Guineafowls, Nematoda, Numida meleagris


 

 

“Full text available only in PDF format”

 

 

REFERENCES

ACKERT, J. & REID, W. 1937. Age resistance of chickens to the cestode Raillietina cesticillus (Molin). Journal of Parasitology, 23:558-563.         [ Links ]

ACOCKS, J.P.H. 1988. Veld types of South Africa, with accompanying veld type map (Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa, No. 57).         [ Links ]

ALEXANDER, S. & McLAUGHLIN, J.D. 1997. A comparison of the helminth communities in Anas undulata, Anas erythrorhyncha, Anas capensis and Anas smithii at Barberspan, South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 64:161-173.         [ Links ]

ANDERSON, R.C. 1992. Nematode parasites of vertebrates, their development and transmission, 1st ed. Wallingford and New York: CABI Publishing.         [ Links ]

BIESTER, H.E. & SCHWARTE, L. (Eds). 1959. Diseases of poultry. Ames: Iowa State College Press.         [ Links ]

BUSH, A.O., LAFFERTY, K.D., LOTZ, J.M. & SHOSTAK, A.W. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al., revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83:575-583.         [ Links ]

BUSH, A.O. 1990. Helminth communities in avian hosts: determinants of pattern, in Parasite communities: patterns and processes, edited by G.W. Esch, A.O. Bush & J.M. Aho. London & New York: Chapman & Hall.         [ Links ]

BUSH, A.O. & HOLMES, J.C. 1986a. Intestinal helminths of lesser scaup ducks: patterns of association. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64:132-141.         [ Links ]

BUSH, A.O. & HOLMES, J.C. 1986b. Intestinal helminths of lesser scaup ducks: an interactive community. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64:142-152.         [ Links ]

CROWE, T.M. 1977. Variation in intestinal helminth infestation of the Helmeted guinea-fowl. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 7:1-3.         [ Links ]

CROWE, T.M. 2000. Helmeted Guineafowl, in Gamebirds of Southern Africa, edited by R.M. Little & T.M. Crowe. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.         [ Links ]

DAVIES, R.O., JUNKER, K., JANSEN, R., CROWE, T.M. & BOOMKER, J. Age and sex based variation in intestinal helminth infection of Helmeted Guineafowl, Numida meleagris, with comments on the infection of Swainson's Spurfowl, Pternistis swainsonii, and Orange River Francolin, Scleroptila levaillantoides (in preparation).         [ Links ]

DEL HOYO, J., ELLIOT, A. & SARGATAL, J. (Eds.). 1994. Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 2, New World vultures to guineafowl. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.         [ Links ]

DOGIEL, J.B. 1964. General parasitology. Edinburgh & London: Oliver & Boyd.         [ Links ]

ESCH, G.W., SHOSTAK, A.W., MARCOGLIESE, D.J. & GOATER, T.M. 1990. Patterns and processes in helminth parasite communities: an overview, in Parasite communities: patterns and processes, edited by G.W. Esch, A.O. Bush & J.M. Aho. London & New York: Chapman & Hall.         [ Links ]

FORRESTER, D.J., CONTI, J.A., BUSH, A.O., CAMPBELL, L.D. & FROHLICH, R.K. 1984. Ecology of helminth parasitism of bobwhites in Florida. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 51:255-266.         [ Links ]

GIBBONS, L.M., JONES, A. & KHALIL, L.F. 1996. Eighth international training course on identification of helminth parasites of economic importance. St. Albans: International Institute of Parasitology, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.         [ Links ]

GWYUN, A.M. & HAMILTON, A.G. 1935. Occurrence of a larval cestode in the Red Locust Nomadacris septem fasciata. Parasitology, 27:551-555.         [ Links ]

HAIR, J.D. 1975. The structure of the intestinal helminth communities of lesser scaup (Aythya affinis). Ph.D. thesis, University of Alberta.         [ Links ]

HOCKEY, P.A.R., DEAN, W.R.J. & RYAN, P.G. (Eds). 2005. Roberts-Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth edition. Cape Town: The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund.         [ Links ]

HODASI, J.K.M. 1969. Comparative studies on the helminth fauna of native and introduced domestic fowls in Ghana. Journal of Helminthology, 43:35-52.         [ Links ]

HODASI, J.K.M. 1976. The helminth parasites of the helmet guinea fowl (Numida meleagris galeata Pallas) in Ghana. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 24:81-87.         [ Links ]

HOLMES, J.C. & PRICE, P.W. 1986. Communities of parasites, in Community Ecology: Pattern and Process, edited by J. Kikkawa & D.J. Anderson, Melbourne: Blackwell Scientific Publications.         [ Links ]

HORAK, I.G. & BOOMKER, J. 2000. Parasites of non-domestic mammals, in Wildlife, ostrich and crocodile health. Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria.         [ Links ]

JONES, M.F. 1933. Notes on cestodes of poultry. Journal of Parasitology, 20:66.         [ Links ]

JUNKER, K. & BOOMKER, J. 2006. Mediorhynchus gallinarum (Acanthocephala: Gigantorhynchidae) in Helmeted guinea-fowls, Numida meleagris, in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 73: 283-292.         [ Links ]

JUNKER, K. & BOOMKER, J. 2007a. Helminths of guineafowls in the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 74:265-280.         [ Links ]

JUNKER, K. & BOOMKER, J. 2007b. A check list of the helminth parasites of guineafowl (Numididae). Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 74:315-337.         [ Links ]

KENNEDY, C.R., BUSH, A.O. & AHO, J.M. 1986. Patterns in helminth communities: why are birds and fish different? Parasitology, 93:205-215.         [ Links ]

LOTZ, J.M. & FONT, W.F. 1994. Excess positive association in communities of intestinal helminths of bats: a refined null hypothesis and a test of the facilitation hypothesis. Journal of Parasitology, 80:398-413.         [ Links ]

MARGOLIS, L., ESCH, G.W., HOLMES, J.C., KURIS, A.M. & SCHAD, G.A. 1982. The use of ecological terms in parasitology (report of an ad hoc committee of the American Society of Parasitologists). Journal of Parasitology, 56:436-439.         [ Links ]

McCULLOCH, C.E. 1985. Variance test for species association. Ecology, 66:1676-1681.         [ Links ]

MENTIS, M.T., POGGENPOEL, B. & MAGUIRE, R.R.K. 1975. Food of Helmeted guieafowl in highland Natal. Journal of the southern African Wildlife Management Association, 5:23-25.         [ Links ]

MOHLER, J.R. 1936. Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 1935-1936. US Department of Agriculture.         [ Links ]

MOORE, D.V. 1962. Morphology, life history and development of the acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus grandis Van Cleave, 1916. Journal of Parasitology, 48:76-86.         [ Links ]

MOORE, J., FREEHLING, M., HORTON, D. & SIMBERLOFF, D. 1987. Host age and sex in relation to intestinal helminths of bobwhite quail. Journal of Parasitology, 73:230-233.         [ Links ]

ORTLEPP, R.J. 1937. South African helminths. Part I. Onderste-poort Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Industry, 9:311-336.         [ Links ]

ORTLEPP, R.J. 1938a. South African helminths. Part III. Some mammalian and avian cestodes. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Industry, 11:23-50.         [ Links ]

ORTLEPP, R.J. 1938b. South African helminths. Part V. Some avian and mammalian helminths. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Industry, 11:63-104.         [ Links ]

ORTLEPP, R.J. 1963. Observations on cestode parasites of guinea-fowl from southern Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 30:95-118.         [ Links ]

PENCE, D.B. 1990. Helminth community of mammalian hosts: concepts at the infracommunity, component and compound community levels, in Parasite communities: Patterns and processes, edited by G.W. Esch, A.O. Bush & J.M. Aho. London & New York: Chapman & Hall.         [ Links ]

PETNEY, T.N., VAN ARK, H. & SPICKETT, A.M. 1990. On sampling tick populations: The problem of overdispersion. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 57:123-127.         [ Links ]

PIELOU, E.C. 1974. Population and community ecology. Principles and methods. New York: Gordon & Breach, Science Publishers, Inc.         [ Links ]

PRINSLOO, H.C. 2003. An investigation into factors influencing the abundance of Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) in the Riemland of the North-Eastern Free State, South Africa. M.Tec. dissertation. Technikon Pretoria.         [ Links ]

REID, W.M. 1962. Chicken and turkey tapeworms. Handbook to aid in the identification and control of tapeworms found in the United States of America. Poultry Department and Poultry Disease Research Center, College Experiment Station, Athens, Georgia.         [ Links ]

RIGGS, M.R. & ESCH, G.W. 1987. The suprapopulation dynamics of Bothriocephalus acheilognathi in a North Carolina cooling reservoir: abundance, dispersion and prevalence. Journal of Parasitology, 73:877-892.         [ Links ]

SAAYMAN, J. 1966. A study of the diet and parasites of Ardeola (Bubulcus) ibis, Numida meleagris and Gallus domesticus from the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Ph.D. thesis, University of South Africa.         [ Links ]

SCHLUTER, D. 1984. A variance test for detecting species associations, with some example applications. Ecology, 65: 998-1005.         [ Links ]

SIEGFRIED, W.R. 1966. Growth, plumage development and moult in the Crowned Guineafowl Numida meleagris coro-nata Gurney. Department of Nature Conservation Investigational Report, no. 8.         [ Links ]

SMYTH, J.D. & McMANUS, D.P. 1989. The physiology and biochemistry of cestodes. Cambridge: University Press.         [ Links ]

SOULSBY, E.J.L. 1969. Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cassell.         [ Links ]

VERSTER, A. & PTASINSKA-KLORYGA, Y. 1987. Helminths of Helmeted guineafowl in southern Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, Supplement I: 36-38.         [ Links ]

 

 

Accepted for publication 28 May 2008-Editor

 

 

* Author to whom correspondence is to be directed. E-mail: joop.boomker@up.ac.za

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License