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Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

On-line version ISSN 2219-0635
Print version ISSN 0030-2465

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.75 n.3 Pretoria  2008




Studies on effects of lactose on experimental Trypanosoma vivax infection in Zebu cattle. 2. Packed cell volume



M.Y. FatihuI; S. AdamuI; I.A. UmarII; N.D.G. IbrahimI; L.O. EduvieIII; K.A.N. EsievoI

IDepartment of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
IIDepartment of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
IIINational Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria




The ability of intravenously administered lactose in normal saline to prevent a decline in packed cell volume (PCV) during experimental trypanosomosis was studied in Zebu cattle. During the lactose infusion period, the PCV was stable up to Day 5 post-infection (p.i.) in a lactose-infused group, compared to that in an uninfused group in which the PCV dropped significantly (P < 0.05) as shown by the values of cumulative percentage change. Furthermore the mean rate of change in PCV was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the uninfused group relative to the lactose-infused group during the same period. While the PCV fell markedly in the lactose-infused group a day after lactose infusion was stopped (Day 13 p.i.), subsequent PCV values were significantly (P < 0.05) higher compared to those in the uninfused group, up to the end of experiment on Day 17 p.i. However the mean rates of change in PCV did not vary significantly (P > 0.05) between the groups during the period in which lactose infusion was stopped. The mean levels of parasitaemic waves and parasitaemia were higher, more prolonged and more frequent in the lactose-infused group. It was inferred that the lactose was able to prevent an early onset of anaemia in the Trypanosoma vivax-infected Zebu cattle.

Keywords: Anaemia, cattle, infusion, lactose, packed cell volume, Trypanosoma vivax



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Accepted for publication 21 April 2008-Editor



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