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Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

On-line version ISSN 2219-0635
Print version ISSN 0030-2465

Onderstepoort j. vet. res. vol.75 n.1 Pretoria  2008




The financial cost implications of the highly pathogenic notifiable avian influenza H5N1 in Nigeria



F.O. FasinaI, II; M.M. SirdarIII; S.P.R. BisschopII

IViral Research Department, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria
IIPoultry reference Centre, Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
IIIMilitary Cooperative Corporation, Khartoum, Sudan




Nigeria and several other nations have recently been affected by outbreaks of the Asian H5N1 strain of highly pathogenic notifiable avian influenza (HPNAI) virus, which affects the pou sts associated with the current avian influenza outbreaks. The evaluation used epidemiological data, production figures and other input parameters to determine the final costs. An infection involving 10 % of the commercial bird population will cost Nigeria about $245 million and a worse scenario may lead to a loss of around $700 million. The results urge governments to invest more in measures aimed at the effective prevention of HPNAI and to consider the huge economic losses associated with the disease. Finally, an inter-disciplinary approach to managing and controlling HPNAI outbreaks is encouraged.



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Accepted for publication 21 August 2007-Editor



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