SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.32 issue1 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Clean Air Journal

On-line version ISSN 2410-972X
Print version ISSN 1017-1703


KAI, Refilwe F.; SCHOLES, Mary C.; PIKETH, Stuart J.  and  SCHOLES, Robert J.. Analysis of the first surface nitrogen dioxide concentration observations over the South African Highveld derived from the Pandora-2s instrument. Clean Air J. [online]. 2022, vol.32, n.1, pp.1-11. ISSN 2410-972X.

Anthropogenic emissions from industry, biomass burning and traffic are significant contributors to the atmospheric loading of nitrogen dioxide on the South African Highveld. These sources are dispersed across the region and emit nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) into the atmosphere at different elevations above the earth's surface. Additionally, atmospheric stability in the form of surface and elevated inversions decreases the dispersion of air pollutants and stratifies pollutants into distinctive layers above the surface. This study explores the Highveld near-surface nitrogen dioxide concentrations obtained using the ground-based Pandora-2s monitoring system. The Pandora-2s instrument retrieves surface NO2 levels from clear sky measurements using a fully parameterised algorithm. We present the first near-surface concentration measurements of atmospheric NO2 at Wakkerstroom, a site between Volksrust and Amersfoort, downstream of major source conglomerates, the Majuba power station and other industries. These data are explored in the presence and context of potential background NO2 concentrations in the area derived from other ground-based sensors. The quasicontinuous data show elevated surface NO2 levels in week 37 (September) of 2020 (7.3 ± 5.7 ppb), while the lowest levels were observed in week 15 (April) of 2020 (0.2 ± 0.04 ppb). The elevated surface NO2 levels are driven by dominant emission sources and transport trajectories, while the accuracy in the measurements is based on the high temporal resolution of the ground-based Pandora-2s instrument.

Keywords : Nitrogen dioxide; Pandora-2s; plumes; Eskom; Highveld.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License