SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.52 issue1The use of appreciative inquiry with mental health service consumers -towards responsive occupational therapy programmes author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

On-line version ISSN 2310-3833
Print version ISSN 0038-2337


SWEET, Nikita Ann  and  FRANZSEN, Denise. Current practice used by therapists to screen and assess cerebral visual impairment in children with cerebral palsy in the South African setting. S. Afr. j. occup. ther. [online]. 2022, vol.52, n.1, pp.6-15. ISSN 2310-3833.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral visual impairment (CVI) is a common comorbidity in children with cerebral palsy and has a significant impact on their functional capabilities. The lack of obvious deficits related to the eyes means awareness of CVI is poor. However, early diagnosis of CVI in children with cerebral palsy supports intervention which may improve the child's functioning in everyday activities. Occupational therapists and physiotherapists are able to identify children at risk for CVI, but there is a lack of research on the screening procedures they use to identify this deficit. This study therefore aimed at determining the current awareness of and clinical screening procedures used by occupational therapists and physiotherapists to detect CVI in children with cerebral palsy in South AfricaMETHOD: A quantitative descriptive survey was distributed nationally to occupational therapists and physiotherapists treating children with cerebral palsyRESULTS: The majority (81%) of the participants could define and explain CVI but a formal diagnosis of CVI is not commonly seen in practice (15.3%). The difficulty in getting a formal diagnosis of CVI was reported as being due to a lack of testing for functional vision by medical professionals. Less than half of the participants (45.7%) reported that they would always screen for a CVI in children with cerebral palsy and 42.9% of participants reported that they used informal screening procedures. Most of the participants reported that they would alter their intervention if they were aware that a child with cerebral palsy presented with CVICONCLUSION: This study shows that although therapists are aware of CVI, there is limited screening for this deficit and little or no formal screening of CVI in children with cerebral palsy in the South African context

Keywords : cerebral palsy; cerebral visual impairment; screening; assessment; CVI-MQ.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License