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vol.46 issue1The impact of the "Developmental Resource Stimulation Programme" (DRSP) on children with Down syndromeOpinions of occupational therapists on the positioning of vocational rehabilitation services in Gauteng Public Healthcare author indexsubject indexarticles search
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South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

On-line version ISSN 2310-3833
Print version ISSN 0038-2337

Abstract

RUSSELL, Dorothy Charmaine et al. Time management guidelines for the intervention of a child with Down syndrome using the Developmental "Resource Stimulation Programme" (DRSP). S. Afr. j. occup. ther. [online]. 2016, vol.46, n.1, pp.41-44. ISSN 2310-3833.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2310-3833/2016/v46n1a9.

BACKGROUND: The duration of an intervention session for an intensive early-intervention programme, the Developmental Resource Stimulation Programme (DRSP), for Down syndrome (DS) children younger than 42 months, was investigated as part of a larger research study. The DRSP is a unique, child-parent specific, one-on-one integrated developmental programme for children with Down syndrome from birth to 42 months. AIM: The aim of this programme was to determine the required number of sessions per activity and optimal session length that enables a child younger than 42 months with DS to master the DRSP activities. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive study design was used to organise and summarise data from the DRSP checklist score-sheets. Sixteen children with common characteristics of DS, specifically Trisomy 21, and their parents formed part of the investigation. RESULTS: The research established a time management guideline including the specific duration and frequency of executing an occupational performance activity by a child with DS in order for the child to master the activity. CONCLUSION: The recommendation is that individual sessions should occur fortnightly to implement the DRSP for children with DS from birth, with the suggested length of a session being 12-15 minutes for children younger than 18 months and 15-40 minutes for children older than 18 months and should be undertaken over a six month period.

Keywords : intervention session duration; Down syndrome; early intervention programme; developmental domains; occupational therapy.

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