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vol.46 issue1Time and space dimensions of computer laptop use amongst third year students of the University of the Free StateTime management guidelines for the intervention of a child with Down syndrome using the Developmental "Resource Stimulation Programme" (DRSP) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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South African Journal of Occupational Therapy

On-line version ISSN 2310-3833
Print version ISSN 0038-2337

Abstract

RUSSELL, Dorothy Charmaine et al. The impact of the "Developmental Resource Stimulation Programme" (DRSP) on children with Down syndrome. S. Afr. j. occup. ther. [online]. 2016, vol.46, n.1, pp.33-40. ISSN 2310-3833.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2310-3833/2016/v46n1a8.

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of an intensive early-intervention programme, the Developmental Resource Stimulation Programme (DRSP), on Down syndrome (DS) children younger than 42 months in the South African context. The DRSP is a unique, child-parent specific, one-on-one, integrated developmental programme for children with Down syndrome from birth to 42 months. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the DRSP on Down syndrome children younger than 42 months in the South African context. METHODOLOGY: A non-randomised control group pre-test-post-test design was followed. The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition was used. Thirty children with the general characteristics of DS, specifically Trisomy 21, were included in the study. There were two groups, namely the intervention group (n = 16) and the control group (n = 14) which were studied over a period of six months. RESULTS: This study showed that a specifically designed programme, with participation of a parent, has a positive impact on the development of the child with Down syndrome. CONCLUSION: Contrary to the existing literature, there were positive changes in the fine-motor development and language of the intervention group overall and in the gross-motor development of children older than 9-months with Down syndrome.

Keywords : early intervention programme; Down syndrome; younger than three years; developmental domains; occupational therapy.

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