South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
versión On-line ISSN 0038-2337
DE JONGH, Jo-Celene. Undergraduate occupational therapy students' engagement in qualitative research: Identifying research problems and questions through reflection while in a community fieldwork setting. S. Afr. j. occup. ther. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp. 35-39. ISSN 0038-2337.
As part of the occupational therapy undergraduate programme at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), students carry out group research projects while in their fieldwork placements. The purpose of the Research module is to introduce them to basic qualitative research methods. Following the progress of a group of students in a community fieldwork setting as an example, this article is a commentary on how they use the steps of the community process as a guideline to identify possible research questions. The author will highlight the process that students follow to refine their research questions, the support they require to identify priority problems, the barriers that students face while conducting research in fieldwork, and the positive outcomes for students and the community. In conclusion the community process provided the students with a theoretical guideline, specifically the needs assessment and analysis steps of the process in order for them to conceptualise a research question within a community fieldwork setting.
Palabras clave : occupational therapy; undergraduate research; qualitative research; community process; fieldwork; culture; reflection.