South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
On-line version ISSN 2310-3833
Print version ISSN 0038-2337
RATCLIFFE, Ingrid; FRANZSEN, Denise and BISCHOF, Faith. Development of a scissors skills programme for grade 0 children in South Africa - A pilot study. S. Afr. j. occup. ther. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.2, pp.24-31. ISSN 2310-3833.
The need for a scissors skills programme was identified due to the varying levels of these skills found in Grade 0 children in South Africa. Essential elements for the development of the programme were identified using activity analysis and by evaluating five commercially available programmes in terms of programme length, grading of practice and picture components, type and thickness of lines and the use of a skills checklist. A South African Scissors Skills Programme (SASSP) was compiled based on the skill level of Grade 0 children. Content validity was assessed through expert opinion of the programme and construct validity was assessed in a pilot study carried out on 10 Grade 0 children. Changes made to increase the validity of the programme included picture selection as well as the grading and type of lines used. The teacher instructions for presenting the programme were altered to be easily understandable. The programme was finalised for implementation in further research.
Keywords : Bilateral fine motor skills; Scissors skills programme; Graded programme; Grade 0 children.