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R&D Journal

On-line version ISSN 2309-8988
Print version ISSN 0257-9669

Abstract

BEKKEN, G. M.; MEYER, C. J.  and  VAN DER SPUY, S. J.. Performance Enhancement of an Induced Draught Axial Flow Fan Through Pressure Recovery. R&D j. (Matieland, Online) [online]. 2021, vol.37, pp.35-44. ISSN 2309-8988.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2309-8988/2021/v37a5.

This study illustrates that downstream diffusers can significantly aid the performance of an induced draught axial flow fan. Two conical diffusers of length 0.2 and 0.4 times the fan diameter and an annular diffuser with a length equal to the fan diameter are tested. At the design flow rate of the fan, the short conical diffuser increases the available static pressure by 17.6 % and the static efficiency by 8.9 %. The medium-length conical diffuser increases it by 21.9 % and 11.7 %, respectively. The long annular diffuser produces a 28.2 % pressure increase and a 14.2 % efficiency increase. The paper also compares the obtained pressure recovery coefficients of the different discharge diffusers using two-dimensional axisymmetric and three-dimensional computations. It shows that the pressure at the outlet of the fan cannot be assumed to be equal to atmospheric pressure, as is prescribed by the fan testing standards. A new method of measuring pressure recovery from two-dimensional computations is proposed.

Keywords : Pressure recovery; axial flow fan; diffuser.

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