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Reading & Writing

On-line version ISSN 2308-1422
Print version ISSN 2079-8245


NGUBANE, Nomalungelo I.; NTOMBELA, Berrington  and  GOVENDER, Samantha. Writing approaches and strategies used by teachers in selected South African English First Additional Language classrooms. Reading & Writing [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.1, pp.1-8. ISSN 2308-1422.

BACKGROUND: The teaching of writing in English First Additional Language (EFAL) classrooms remains less explored in the Further Education and Training Phase (FET) in South Africa. This is so despite research showing a decline in the writing skills of second language learners, especially at the FET phase, calling attention to how writing is taughtOBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate writing approaches and teaching strategies used by teachers in teaching writing in selected EFAL FET classrooms in the Pinetown districtMETHOD: A qualitative approach was adopted to observe five writing lessons across five schools using a video camera. Discourse analysis was used to analyse dataRESULTS: The findings indicate that teachers mostly used a process approach to writing, which is in line with their curriculum. The study also found that teachers generally used a question and answer method to teach writing, which entails teachers controlling the interactions in the classrooms through a nomination-response cycle. Analyses of lessons also suggest that teachers creatively employed code-switching to explain writing concepts betterCONCLUSION: The study concludes that the effectiveness of any pedagogy depends on the teachers' knowledge and understanding of writing and approaches to writing. For effective development of learners' writing, the study recommends instruction methods that embrace collaborative writing activities in the learners' Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) and the recognition of learners' home languages

Keywords : narrative essay; English First Additional Language; discourse analysis; code-switching; collaborative learning; Zone of Proximal Development.

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