African Natural History
On-line version ISSN 1816-8396
FILANDER, Zoleka and GRIFFITHS, Charles L.. Additions to and revision of the South African echinoid fauna (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Afr. nat. history (Online) [online]. 2014, vol.10, pp. 47-56. ISSN 1816-8396.
The last major taxonomic review of the South African Echinoidea was published in 1976 and there have been very few additions to the fauna since that time, although numerous unidentified samples have continued to accumulate in the Iziko South African Museum. This study documents all additions to the fauna reported since the late 1970s. Most of these derive from our examination and identification of specimens in the Iziko South African Museum collections. Also included, though, are new records reported via the EchinoMap Virtual Museum, those published in the non-taxonomic literature and those derived from taxonomic revisions. For each new record we present an image of the species, key references, a brief diagnosis and detailed locality records. These sources together have resulted in 19 additions to the regional echinoid fauna, raising the total number of echinoid species known from the South African Exclusive Economic Zone to 71.
Keywords : biodiversity; taxonomy; Echinoidea; echinoderm; South Africa; new records.