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Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

On-line version ISSN 2411-9717
Print version ISSN 2225-6253


SANMIQUEL, L.; BASCOMPTA, M.  and  ROSSELL, J.M.. Assessment of errors in the transmission of the orientation and cartographic system from the surface to an underground mine. J. S. Afr. Inst. Min. Metall. [online]. 2020, vol.120, n.2, pp.139-148. ISSN 2411-9717.

An accurate transmission of the orientation between surface and underground workings, by means of vertical shafts, is a major challenge in the mining industry, especially for deep mines. We assessed the accuracy of this operation in a case study using the two-shaft plumbing and gyroscopic methods in order to compare and analyse the planimetric displacement of the baseline due to different sources of error in each method. The advantages and disadvantages of both methods are discussed. Some disadvantages in each method have been reduced thanks to technological progress, especially in the two-shaft plumbing method. The different sources of error that affect the measurements are analysed in detail with the aim of compensating them and achieving the required precision for an underground infrastructure. Mine ventilation has been identified as one of the most important sources of error in the plumbing method due to intake and return air flow producing a significant displacement of the verticality of the plumbs in the shafts. In this regard, we describe some measures to reduce the influence of ventilation and give details of a compensation method.

Keywords : shaft plumbing; ventilation; plumb oscillation; gravity; Earth rotation.

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